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Bill Thayer

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George Dennis:
Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria

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[image ALT: The cover of a book. It depicts an ancient Etruscan bronze mirror on a long handle in the shape of a naked woman looking at herself in another mirror. It serves as the icon on this site for George Dennis's 'Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria'.]

From the cover of the 1848 edition, a virtual antiquity created by Dennis. It is a hybrid of two Etruscan artifacts: a mirror, and the handle of a patera in the Vatican Museums. (See chapter 59, note 93.)

As almost always, I retyped the text rather than scanning it: not only to minimize errors prior to proofreading, but as an opportunity for me to become intimately familiar with the work, an exercise which I heartily recommend. (Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if success­ful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: gambit declined.)

I ran a first proofreading pass immediately after entering each chapter, so that the text of all the chapters is quite good already. I've now started final proofreading: in the table of contents below, chapters whose text I believe to be completely errorfree are shown on blue backgrounds.

(It takes 100 pages of print: I present it in 2 webpages, plus:)

Veii — The City

Veii — The Cemetery

Castel Giubileo: Fidenae

Sutri: Sutrium

Nepi: Nepete

Civita Castellana: Falerii Veteres

Falleri: Falerii (Novi)


Orte: Horta

Feronia and Capena

Monte Cimino: Mons Ciminus

Viterbo: Surrina

Ferento: Ferentinum


Castel d'Asso: Castellum Axia

Norchia: Orcle?

Bieda: Blera

Corneto: Tarquinii — The Cemetery
(This chapter takes 96 pages of print: I present it in 2 webpages)

Corneto: Tarquinii — The City




Toscanella: Tuscania


Pitigliano and Sorano

Sovana: Suana

Bolsena: Volsinii (sort of, according to Dennis)

Monte Fiascone: Fanum Voltumnae?


Civita Vecchia: Centum Cellae

Santa Marinella: Punicum

Santa Severa: Pyrgi

Cervetri: Agylla or Caere

Palo: Alsium

Luni: Luna

Pisa: Pisae

Firenze: Florentia

Fiesole: Faesulae

Siena: Sena

Volterra: Volaterrae — The City

Volterra: Volaterrae — The Museum

The Maremma


Roselle: Rusellae

Telamone: Telamon


Ansedonia: Cosaa

Vetulonia: Vetulonia (according to Dennis)​b

Saturnia: Saturnia

Chiusi: Clusium — The City

Chiusi: Clusium — The Cemetery

Chiusi: Clusium — Poggio Gajella

Cetona and Sarteano

Chianciano and Montepulciano

Arezzo: Arretium

Cortona: Cortona

Perugia: Perusia — The City

Perugia: Perusia — The Cemetery


Edition Used

I am keying the text by hand from the original edition, in two volumes, John Murray, Albemarle Street, London, 1848.


a Since Dennis wrote, it has been proved that Cosa, despite being in Etruscan territory, was never an Etruscan town, rather was founded by the Romans.

b Current consensus is that what Dennis describes is not Vetulonia; it is, however, an Etruscan town, and has been partly excavated. Dennis's chapter is thus a mixture of information about ancient Vetulonia, and the finds at the place now known as Doganella; it is up to us to read carefully and untangle the two. For further information about the latter, see the scholarly literature and especially the work of Etruscan specialist Dr. Maria-Grazia Celuzza; once online, but with the continued shrinkage of the Web, no longer.

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Site updated: 7 Feb 22