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Bill Thayer

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George Dennis:
Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria

[image ALT: The cover of a book. It depicts an ancient Etruscan bronze mirror on a long handle in the shape of a naked woman looking at herself in another mirror. It serves as the icon on this site for George Dennis's 'Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria'.]

From the cover of the 1848 edition, a virtual antiquity created by Dennis. It is a hybrid of two Etruscan artifacts: a mirror, and the handle of a patera in the Vatican Museums. (See chapter 59, note 93.)

It runs to 100 pages of print: I present it in 2 webpages, plus the:

Veii — The City

Veii — The Cemetery

Castel Giubileo: Fidenae

Sutri: Sutrium

Nepi: Nepete

Civita Castellana: Falerii Veteres

Falleri: Falerii (Novi)


Orte: Horta

Feronia and Capena

Monte Cimino: Mons Ciminus

Viterbo: Surrina

Ferento: Ferentinum


Castel d'Asso: Castellum Axia

Norchia: Orcle?

Bieda: Blera

Corneto: Tarquinii — The Cemetery

(This chapter runs to 96 pages of print: I present it in 2 webpages)

Corneto: Tarquinii — The City




Toscanella: Tuscania


Pitigliano and Sorano

Sovana: Suana

Bolsena: Volsinii (sort of, according to Dennis)

Monte Fiascone: Fanum Voltumnae?


Civita Vecchia: Centum Cellae

Santa Marinella: Punicum

Santa Severa: Pyrgi

Cervetri: Agylla or Caere

Palo: Alsium

Luni: Luna

Pisa: Pisae

Firenze: Florentia

Fiesole: Faesulae

Siena: Sena

Volterra: Volaterrae — The City

Volterra: Volaterrae — The Museum

The Maremma


Roselle: Rusellae

Telamone: Telamon


Ansedonia: Cosaa

Vetulonia: Vetulonia (according to Dennis)​b

Saturnia: Saturnia

Chiusi: Clusium — The City

Chiusi: Clusium — The Cemetery

Chiusi: Clusium — Poggio Gajella

Cetona and Sarteano

Chianciano and Montepulciano

Arezzo: Arretium

Cortona: Cortona

Perugia: Perusia — The City

Perugia: Perusia — The Cemetery


Technical Details

Edition Used

I keyed the text by hand from the original edition, in two volumes, John Murray, Albemarle Street, London, 1848. It has been in the public domain for many decades.


As almost always, I retyped the text rather than scanning it: not only to minimize errors prior to proofreading, but as an opportunity for me to become intimately familiar with the work, an exercise I heartily recommend. (Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if success­ful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: gambit declined.)

I ran a first proofreading pass immediately after entering each chapter, so that the text of all the chapters is pretty good already. The final proofreading is underway: in the table of contents above, chapters I believe to be completely errorfree are shown on blue backgrounds.


a Since Dennis wrote, it has been proved that Cosa, despite being in Etruscan territory, was never an Etruscan town, rather was founded by the Romans.

b Current consensus is that what Dennis describes is not Vetulonia; it is, however, an Etruscan town, and has been partly excavated. Dennis's chapter is thus a mixture of information about ancient Vetulonia, and the finds at the place now known as Doganella; it is up to us to read carefully and untangle the two. For further information about the latter, see the scholar­ly literature and especially the work of Etruscan specialist Dr. Maria-Grazia Celuzza; once online, but with the continued shrinkage of the Web, no longer.

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Site updated: 7 Feb 22