ἄκρον, wing of a line of battle, i.3.
ἀναστρέφω, to wheel to the original position, after a military evolution, = ἀποκαθίστημι, ἀποκαθιστάνω, xii.3.
ἀντιπορία, counter attack, or frontal attack, x.2.
ἀντίστομος -ον; πορεία ἀντίστομος, when the main divisions of an army march in parallel formation with the line of front-rank men on the inside, xi.3.
ἀποκαθίστημι, to return to the original position, xii.11, etc.
ἀπόστασις; ἐν ἀποστάσει, at a distance, at some interval, x.21.
[ἀποστροφή, wheeling away (from the enemy), retreat, vii.2 (Oldfather).]
ἀραιός -ά -όν, open, wide, opposed to πυκνός, of the space between soldiers in array, iv.1.
ἁρματαρχία, unit of sixteen war‑chariots, viii.1.
ἀσπιδίσκη, small shield, i.2.
ἀσπίς, shield; ἐπ’ ἀσπίδα, to the left, x.1, etc.
διάστημα, interval between soldiers in rank and in file, iv.1.
διίππευσις, breaking through with cavalry, vii.3.
διλοχίτης, commander of two files, ii.8.
διμοιρία, half-file, where the file had twelve men, ii.2.
διμοιρίτης, leader of a half-file, ii.2.
διπλασιάζω, to double either the number of soldiers in a given area, or the area by deploying the soldiers, x.1.
διφαλαγγία, double corps, or wing, theoretically 8192 men, ii.10.
διχοτομία, point of division, ii.6.
δορατοφόρος -ον, spear-bearing, of cavalry, i.3.
δόρυ, spear; ἐπὶ δόρυ, to the right, x.1, etc.
δρεπανηφόρος -ον, scythe-bearing, of chariots, viii.1.
εἴλη, squadron of cavalry, vii.2.
ἑκατοντάρχης = ταξίαρχος, captain of hundred, really 128 men, ii.8.
ἑκατονταρχία, two platoons of light-armed troops, a company, composed of 128 men, vi.3.
ἔκτακτος -η -ον; οἱ ἔκτακτοι, the supernumeraries, attached originally to the τάξις, but later either to the σύνταγμα, ii.9, or the ἑκατονταρχία of light-armed troops, vi.3, or the φάλαγξ of light-armed troops, vi.3.
ἐλεφαντάρχης, commander of sixteen war‑elephants, ix.1.
ἐμπλέκω, to incorporate, of light infantry, man beside man, in the phalanx of hoplites, vi.1.
ἐναντίος -α -ον; ἀπ’ ἐναντίας, on the other hand, i.2.
ἐνωμοτάρχης, leader of an ἐνωμοτία, ii.2.
ἐνωμοτία, quarter-file, ii.2.
ἐξάριθμος -η -ον, outside the normal number, or in addition to it, ii.9.
ἐξελιγμός, counter-march, x.13 ff.
ἐπιθηραρχία, a unit of four war‑elephants, ix.1.
ἐπιθήραρχος, a commander of four war‑elephants, ix.1.
ἐπικοινωνέω, to be attached to, or stationed upon, i.3.
ἐπιλαρχία, battalion of cavalry, vii.11.
ἐπιξεναγία, a division of light-armed troops, 2048 men, vi.3.
ἐπιξεναγός, commander of an ἐπιξεναγία, vi.3.
ἐπισυζυγία, unit of eight war‑chariots, viii.1.
ἐπιφάνεια, facing-right, or -left, of an army, x.4 and 5.
ἑτερόστομος -ον; ἑτερόστομος πορεία, when the wings of an army march in column, with their front-line men on opposite sides, xi.4.
ἐφιππαρχία, division of cavalry, vii.11.
ζυγαρχέω, cf. ζυγάρχης, vii.9.
ζυγάρχης, rank-leader in cavalry, the man at the corner of each rank when in wedge-formation, vii.9.
ζυγαρχία, a unit of two war‑chariots, viii.1.
ζῴαρχος, driver or commander of a war‑elephant, ix.1.
ἡμιλόχιον, half-file, ii.2.
ἡμιλοχίτης, commander of a ἡμιλόχιον, ii.2.
ἡμισιάζω, to halve intervals, xii.11.
θηραρχία, unit of two war‑elephants, ix.1.
θηράρχος, commander of two war‑elephants, ix.1.
θυρεοφόρος, bearing a large, oblong shield, of cavalry, i.3.
κατάπυκνος -ον; ἐν καταπύκνῳ, in compact formation, v.1.
κλίσις, right- or left-face, x.1 and 2.
κοιλέμβολος, hollow-wedge, xi.5.
κοῖλος -η -ον; κοίλη φάλαγξ, concave formation, xi.1.
κυρτός -ή -όν; κυρτὴ φάλαγξ, convex formation, xi.1.
λόχος, a file, consisting of sixteen men, ii.1, etc.
μεράρχης, commander of a μεραρχία, ii.10.
μεταγωγή, manoeuvring, wheeling, vii.5.
μετατάττω, to reorganize, ii.2.
μῆκος, first line of a phalanx, ii.5.
ξεναγία, two battalions of light-armed troops, a regiment of 512 men, vi.3 [supplied from Aelian, Tactica, XVI.3].
ὄρθιος -α -ον; φάλαγξ ὀρθία, the phalanx marching forward in file, or in column, xi.1 ff.
παράταξις, first line, or front line, of a phalanx, ii.5.
παρεδρεύω; ὁ παρεδρεύων, comrade behind in file, iii.6.
παρεμβολή, insertion, differing from παρένταξις in that soldiers of the same branch are inserted in the battle-line, as hoplites beside hoplites, vi.1.
παρένθεσις, insertion, general term including both παρεμβολή and παρένταξις, vi.1.
παρένταξις, insertion, differing from παρεμβολή in that soldiers of different branches of the army, as light-armed troops, are inserted in the phalanx of hoplites, man beside man, vi.1.
πεντακοσιάρχης, commander of a πεντακοσιαρχία, ii.10.
πεντηκονταρχία, two squads of light-armed troops, a platoon, composed of sixty-four men, vi.3.
προαγωνίζομαι, to open battle, vii.1.
πρόπτωσις, projection of spears before a phalanx, v.1.
προσένταξις, flank-position, used of light infantry stationed on the wings of the phalanx, vi.1.
πρόσωπον, front line of phalanx, ii.5.
πρόταξις, position of the light-armed troops in front of the phalanx, vi.1.
πρωτολοχία, front line of the phalanx, ii.5.
Σκύθης, branch of cavalry armed only with bows, i.3.
στῖφος, two divisions of light-armed troops, a corps, 4096 men, vi.3.
στρατηγός, general, formerly of a corps of 4096 men, but properly commander-in‑chief of a phalanx of 16,384 men, ii.10.
σύζευξις; κατὰ σύζευξιν, used of the march of an army when the columns are parallel with each other; opposed to κατ’ ἐπαγωγήν, xi.2.
συζυγία, a unit of four war‑chariots, viii.1.
συλλοχισμός, assembly of the files in parallel formation, constituting the phalanx, ii.5.
συνεδρεύω, to close up, draw together, of troops taking up the compact formation, iii.6 (but cf. crit. note).
συνεπισκέπω, to protect at the same time, of armour protecting both man and horse, i.3.
συνταγματάρχης, commander of a σύνταγμα, ii.8.
σύστασις, four files of light-armed troops, a squad, consisting of thirty‑two men, vi.3.
σύστρεμμα, brigade of light-armed troops, 1024 men, vi.3.
Ταραντιναρχία, two battalions of cavalry, vii.11.
Ταραντῖνος -η -ον; οἱ Ταραντῖνοι, cavalry who fight only at a distance with javelins, i.3.
τελάρχης, commander of a τέλος = μεράρχης, ii.10.
τετράρχης, commander of a τετραρχία, ii.8.
τετράς; κατὰ τετράδα, on a fourfold division or basis, iii.1.
τόξευμα, missile of any kind, i.2.
τοξότης, archer, part of the cavalry, i.3.
ὑπερκεράω = ὑπερβάλλω, x.18.
ὑπερφαλαγγέω, to outflank on both wings, x.18.
ὑποβαίνω, to march behind, as one rank of soldiers marches a certain distance behind another, v.1.
ὑποστολή; δι’ ὑποστολῆς, held back, partly withdrawn, refused, x.21.
ὑπόταξις, rear-position, of light infantry stationed behind the phalanx, vi.1.
χιλιάρχης, commander of a χιλιαρχία, ii.10.
1 No attempt has been made to include every technical term, or all instances of each term cited, but only the most noteworthy or unusual.
Images with borders lead to more information.
The thicker the border, the more information. (Details here.)
A page or image on this site is in the public domain ONLY
if its URL has a total of one *asterisk.
If the URL has two **asterisks,
the item is copyright someone else, and used by permission or fair use.
If the URL has none the item is © Bill Thayer.
See my copyright page for details and contact information.
Page updated: 28 Nov 12