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Bill Thayer

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A. Devine: 'Aelian's Manual of Hellenistic Military Tactics A New translation from the Greek with an introduction' The Ancient World 19.1 and 2 (1989), pp. 31‑64.

Alphonse Dain: Histoire du Texte D'Élien le Tacticien (Paris, 1946).

Aeneas Tacticus, Asclepiodotus, and Onasander: (On the Defence of Fortified Positions, Tactics, and The General respectively), translated by members of The Illinois Greek Club (London and New York, 1923).

Corpus Agrimensorum Romanorum I.I, C. Thulin (editor) (Leipzig, 1913).

Flavius Arrianus: TEXNH TAKTIKA and EKTAXIS KATA ALANWN, translated by James G. De Voto (Chicago, 1993).

Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander, translated by Aubrey de Selincourt (Harmondsworth, 1958).

Cassius Dio: Roman History, Volumes I-IV, VII, and IX, translated by E. Cary based on the version of H. Foster, (London and New York, 1914‑1927).

M. Catonis Praeter Librum De Re Rustica Quae Exstant H. Jordan (editor) (Stuttgart, 1967).

Eutropius: Breviarium, translated with introduction and commentary by H. W.Bird, (Liverpool, 1993).

Iuli Frontini Strategemata, R. I. Ireland (editor) (Leipzig, 1990).

Frontinus: The Stratagems and The Aqueducts of Rome, translated by Charles E. Bennett; The Aqueducts revised translated by Clemens Herschel, Mary B. McElwain (editor) (London and New York, 1925).

M. Cornelius Fronto Correspondence, 2 Volumes, edited and translated by C. Haines, (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1928 and 1929).

Gromatici Veteres: Volume I, C. Lachmann (editor) (Berlin, 1848).

Homer: Iliad, translated by R. Lattimore (Chicago, 1951).

Ioannes Lydus: On Powers or The Magistracies of the Roman State, translated, with introduction and commentary by A. Bandy (Philadelphia, 1983).

Martial: Epigrammata, Volume II, translated by D. Shackelton Bailey (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1993).

M. Valerii Martialis Epigrammaton Libri J. Borovskij (editor) (Leipzig, 1976).

M. Valerii Martialis Epigrammata D. Shackelton Bailey (editor) (Stuttgart, 1990).

Pliny the Elder: Historia Naturalis, translated by W. H. S. Jones, H. Rackham, and D. E. Eicholz, (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1938‑1962).

Pliny: Panegyricus, translated by Betty Radice, (London and Cambridge Massachusetts, 1969).

A. N. Sherwin-White Fifty Letters of Pliny2 (London, 1969).

A. N. Sherwin-White The Letters of Pliny (Oxford, 1966).

Polyaenus: Strategematon Libri VIII; and Incerti Scriptoris Byzantini Saeculi X. Liber de re Militari, edited by E. Woelfflin and I. Melber; and by R. Vari respectively (Stuttgart, 1887/1901, reprinted 1970).

Polyaenus: Stratagems of War; translated by R. Shepherd, (London, 1793: reprinted Chicago, 1974).

Polyaenus: Stratagems of War, 2 Volumes, translated by Peter Krentz and Everett L. Wheeler (Chicago, 1994).

Polybius: The Histories, 6 Volumes, translated by W. R. Paton, (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1922‑1926).

Posidonius: Volume I, The Fragments2, Cambridge Classical Texts and Commentaries 14 (Cambridge, 1989).

Posidonius: Volume II, The Commentary (i) Testimonia and Fragments 1‑149, Cambridge Classical Texts and Commentaries 14A, L. Edelstein and I. Kidd (editors) (Cambridge, 1988).

The Scriptores Historiae Augustae, 2 Volumes, translated by D. Magie (London and New York, 1922‑24).

Statius: Silvae, translated by J. Mozley, (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1955).

Tacitus: Historiae and Annales, 4 Volumes, translated by Clifford H. Moore and John Jackson respectively, (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1925‑1937).

Tacitus: Dialogus, Agricola, Germania, translated by W. Peterson (Dialogus) and M. Hutton (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1914).

Vegetius: Epitome of Military Science, translated with notes and introduction by N. Milner (Liverpool, 1993).


F. E. Adcock The Greek and Macedonian Art of War, Sather Classical Lectures, Volume 30 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1957).

F. E. Adcock The Roman Art of War, Martin Classical Lectures, (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1940).

M. Graham Anderson: The Second Sophistic (London and New York, 1993).

B. Bachrach: A History of the Alans (Minneapolis, 1973).

M. Beagon: Roman Nature (Oxford, 1992).

G. Bendz: 'Frontin, Kriegslisten' in Schriften und Quellen der alten Welt 10 (Berlin, 1963).

Anthony Birley: Marcus Aurelius2 (London, 1987).

Anthony R. Birley: The Fasti of Roman Britain (Oxford, 1981).

Eric Birley: Roman Britain and the Roman Army (Kendal, 1976).

E. Birley: The Roman Army Papers 1929‑1986 (Amsterdam, 1988).

George C. Boon Isca (Cardiff, 1962).

George C. Boon The Legionary Fortress of Caerleon-Isca (Caerleon, 1987).

G. W. Bowersock (editor) Approaches to the Second Sophistic, Papers Presented at the 105th Annual Meeting of the American Philological Association, (University Park, 1974).

G. W. Bowersock Greek Sophists in the Roman Empire (Oxford, 1969).

W. Camden: Camden's Britannia (London, 1695).

J. Campbell: The Emperor and the Roman Army 31 BC-AD 235 (Oxford, 1984).

S. Cook, F. Adcock, and M. Charlesworth (editors) The Cambridge Ancient History XI, The Imperial Peace AD 70‑192 (Cambridge, 1936).

E. Champlin: Fronto and Antonine Rome (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1980).

J. A. Crook Consilium Principis (Cambridge, 1955).

Edward Dabrowa: Legio X Fretensis (Stuttgart, 1993).

R. Davies: Service in the Roman Army (Edinburgh, 1989).

H. Delbruck: The History of the Art of War, Volume I (Antiquity), translated by W. Renfore (London, 1975).

O. A. W. Dilke The Roman Land Surveyors (Newton Abbot, Devon, 1971).

A. Drachmann: The Mechanical Technology of Greek and Roman Antiquity (Copenhagen, 1963).

J. Wight Duff, A Literary History of Rome in the Silver Age2 (London, 1960).

W. Eck: 'Senatoren von Vespasian bis Hadrian' Vestigia 13 (Munich, 1970).

W. Eck: Die Statthalter der germanischen Provinzen vom 1‑3 Jahrhundert (Cologne, 1985).

Harry B. Evans Water Distribution in Ancient Rome. The Evidence of Frontinus (Michigan, 1994).

M. Fuhrmann: Das systematische Lehrbuch (Göttingen, 1960).

Sheppard Frere: Britannia3 (London, 1987).

R. Gephardt: C. Suetonii Tranquilli Vita Domitiani: Suetonius Life of Domitian with Notes and Parallel Passages, (Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1922).

Edward Gibbon: The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Volume I, (London, 1764); 1995 Penguin edition of D. Womersley.

S. Gsell: Essai sur le Règne de L'Empereur Domitien (Paris, 1894), in Studia Historica 46, (Rome, 1967).

G. Gundermann: 'Quaestiones de Iuli Frontini Strategematon Libris' Fleckeisen Jahrbucher Supplementband 16 (1888).

Victor Davis Hanson The Western Way of War (Oxford, 1989).

A. Hardie: Statius and the Silvae: Poets, Patrons and Epideixis in the Graeco-Roman World, ARCA Classical and Medieval Texts, Papers and Monographs 9, (Liverpool, 1983).

A. Trevor Hodge Roman Aqueducts & Water Supply (London, 1992).

J. Hornblower Hieronymus of Cardia (Oxford, 1981).

G. Houston Roman Imperial Administrative Personnel During the Principates of Vespasian and Titus (AD 69‑81) (Chapel Hill, 1971).

Brian W. Jones Domitian and the Senatorial Order (Philadelphia, 1979).

Brian W. Jones The Emperor Domitian (London, New York, 1992).

Brian W. Jones The Emperor Titus (New York, 1984).

Brian W. Jones and D. Mattingly An Atlas of Roman Britain (Oxford, 1990).

C. P. Jones Culture and Society in Lucian (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1986).

G. Kennedy The Art of Rhetoric in the Roman World (Princeton, New Jersey, 1972).

Johannes Kromayer and Georg Veith Heerwesen und Kriegführung der Griechen und Römer (Munich, 1928).

W. Lacey Augustus and the Principate (Leeds, 1996).

F. A. Lepper Trajan's Parthian War (Oxford, 1948).

A. Lesky A History of Greek Literature (London, 1966).

E. Luttwak The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire (Baltimore and London, 1976).

D. Magie Roman Rule in Asia Minor (New Jersey, 1950).

I. Margary Roman Roads in Britain3 (London, 1973).

F. Marsh The Reign of Tiberius (London, 1931).

F. Martín García Lengua, Estilo y Fuentes de Polieno (Dissertation, Madrid, 1980).

N. Milner Vegetius and the Anonymus De Rebus Bellicis (D.Phil Thesis, Oxford, 1991).

V. E. Nash-Williams The Roman Legionary Fortress at Caerleon, Monmouthshire (Cardiff, 1940).

V. E. Nash-Williams The Roman Frontier in Wales (Cardiff, 1954).

V. E. Nash-Williams The Roman Frontier in Wales2, Michael G. Jarrett (editor) (Cardiff, 1969).

N. G. L. Hammond and H. H. Scullard (editors) Oxford Classical Dictionary2 (Oxford, 1970).

S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (editors) Oxford Classical Dictionary3 (Oxford and New York, 1996).

H. M. D. Parker The Roman Legions (Oxford, 1928).

Rolly Janet Phillips The Sources and Methods of Polyaenus (PhD Thesis, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1970).

H. Plommer Vitruvius and Later Roman Building Manuals (Cambridge, 1973).

H. Rose A Handbook of Greek Literature (London, 1934).

Peter Salway Roman Britain (Oxford, 1981).

J. Sandys Latin Epigraphy: an Introduction to the Study of Latin Inscriptions (Cambridge, 1927).

F. Schulz Geschichte der römischen Rechtwissenschaft (Weimar, 1961).

E. Smallwood Documents Illustrating the Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian (Cambridge, 1966).

W. Smith Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 3 Volumes, (London, 1844‑1849).

P. Southern Domitian, Tragic Tyrant (London and New York, 1997).

P. Stadter Arrian of Nicomedia (Chapel Hill, 1980).

P. Stadter Plutarch's Historical Methods: An Analysis of the Mulierum Virtutes (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1965).

J. Sullivan Martial: The Unexpected Classic (Cambridge, 1991).

R. Syme Emperors and Biography: studies in the Historia Augusta (Oxford, 1971).

R. Syme Historia Augusta Papers (Oxford, 1983).

R. Syme The Historia Augusta (Bonn, 1971).

R. Syme Tacitus (2 Volumes, Oxford, 1958).

W. W. Tarn Alexander the Great (Cambridge, 1948).

G. Webster The Roman Imperial Army (London, 1969).

C. M. Wells The Roman Empire2 (London, 1992).

Everett L. Wheeler Stratagem and the Vocabulary of Military Trickery, Supplement to Mnemosyne 108, (New York, 1988).

P. White Promised Verse (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1993).

David Williams The History of Monmouthshire (London, 1796).


T. D. Barnes 'The Date of Vegetius' Phoenix 33 (1979), pp. 254‑257.

A. R. Birley 'Petillius Cerialis and the Conquest of Brigantia' Britannia 4 (1973), pp. 179‑190.

A. R. Birley 'The Roman Governors of Britain' Epigraphische Studien 4 (1967), pp. 63‑102.

A. R. Birley 'Roman Frontiers and Roman Frontier Policy: Some Reflections on Roman Imperialism' Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland 3 (1974), pp. 13‑25.

A. B. Bosworth 'Arrian and the Alani' Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 81 (1977), pp. 228‑229.

E. Bowie 'Greeks and Their Past in the Second Sophistic, in M. Finley (editor) Studies in Ancient Society, (London, 1974), pp. 166‑209.

B. Campbell 'Teach Yourself How to be a General' Journal of Roman Studies 77 (1987), pp. 13‑29.

A. Dederich 'Bruchstücke aus dem Leben des Sextus Julius Frontinus' Zeitschrift für die Alterthumswissenschaft 105 (1839), p. 838‑842.

A. Dederich 'Bruchstücke aus dem Leben des Sextus Julius Frontinus' Zeitschrift für die Alterthumswissenschaft 106‑107 (1839), pp. 842‑851.

A. Dederich 'Bruchstücke aus dem Leben des Sextus Julius Frontinus,' Zeitschrift für die Alterthumswissenschaft 106‑107 (1839), pp. 1077‑1080.

A. Dent 'Arrian's Array' History Today 24.8 (1974), pp. 570‑574.

A. Devine 'EMBOLON: A Study in Tactical Terminology' Phoenix 37 (1983), pp. 201‑217.

J. Devreker 'La Continuité dans le Consilium Principis sous les Flaviens' Ancient Society 8 (1977), pp. 223‑243.

H. Düntzer 'Domitian in Frontins Strategemata' Bonner Jahrbucher H 96/97 (1896), pp. 172‑183.

W. Eck 'Die Gestalt Frontins in ihrer politischen und sozialen Umwelt' Wasserversorgung Im Antiken Rom (München, 1989), pp. 47‑62.

W. Eck Iulius 3, Paulys Real-encyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, Suppl. 14, (1974).

J. Evans 'Tacitus, Domitian and the Proconsulship of Agricola' Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 119 (1976), pp. 79‑84.

P. Gallivan 'The False Neros: A Re-Examination' Historia 22 (1973), pp. 364‑365.

P. Gallivan 'Suetonius and Chronology in the 'De Vita Neronis' ' Historia 23 (1974), pp. 297‑318

Y. Garlan 'War in the Ancient World' translated by J. Lloyd, Ancient Culture and Society (London, 1975).

W. Goffart 'The Date and Purpose of Vegetius' De Re Militari' Traditio 33 (1977), pp. 65‑100.

W. Goralski 'Arrian's Events After Alexander: Summary of Photius and Selected Fragments' The Ancient World 19.3 and 4 (1989), pp. 81‑108.

B. van Groningen 'General Literary Tendencies in the Second Century AD' Mnemosyne 18 (1965), pp. 41‑56.

W. S. Hanson and D. B. Campbell 'The Brigantes: From Clientage to Conquest' Britannia 17 (1986), pp. 73‑89.

E. Hübner 'Die Römischen Legaten von Britannien' Rheinisches Museum fur Philologie 12 (1857), pp. 52‑83.

B. Isaac 'The meaning of the terms limes and limitanei' Journal of Roman Studies 78 (1988), pp. 125‑147.

Brian W. Jones 'C. Vettulenus Civica Cerialis and the 'False Nero' of A. D. 88' Athenaeum 61 (1983), pp. 516‑521.

Brian W. Jones 'Titus and some Flavian Amici' Classical Philology 49 (1954), pp. 454‑462.

Brian W. Jones 'The Dating of Domitian's War Against the Chatti' Historia 22 (1972), pp. 79‑90.

A. Kappelmacher Iulius 243, Paulys Real-Encyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 10.

F. Lammert Review of G. Bendz Die Echtheitsfrage des vierten Buches der Frontinischen Strategemata (Dissertation, Lund, 1938), Philologische Wochenschrift LIX (1939), pp. 234‑239.

J. Lazenby 'Review of E. Wheeler Stratagem and the Vocabulary of Military Trickery' Journal of Hellenic Studies 90 (1990), pp. 248‑249.

B. Levick 'Domitian and the Provinces' Latomus 41 (1982), pp. 50‑73.

C. Lightfoot 'Trajan's Parthian War and the Fourth Century Perspective' Journal of Roman Studies 80 (1990), pp. 115‑126.

R. P. Longden 'Notes on the Parthian Campaigns of Trajan' Journal of Roman Studies 21 (1931), pp. 1‑35.

M. MacLeod 'Lucian's Relationship to Arrian' Philologus 131 (1987), pp. 257‑264.

G. Maslakov 'Valerius Maximus and Roman Historiography. A Study of the exempla Tradition' Aufsteig und Niedergang der römischen Welt II.32.1 (1984), pp. 437‑496.

E. McCartney 'Review of Aeneas Tacticus, Asclepiodotus, Onasander' Classical Philology 20 (1925), pp. 183‑185.

W. McDermott 'Stemmata Quid Faciunt? The Descendants of Frontinus' Ancient Society 7 (1976), pp. 229‑261.

J. Melber 'Über die Quellen und den Wert der Strategemensammlung Polyäns' Jahrbücher für classische Philologie 14, Supplement, (Leipzig, 1885), pp. 417‑688.

G. Perl 'Frontin und 'der Limes': Zu Strat. 1,3,10 und 2,11,7' Klio 63 (1981), pp. 563‑583.

E. Sander 'Frontin als Quelle für Vegetius' Philologische Wochenschrift XLIX (1929), pp. 1230‑1231.

D. Schenk 'Flavius Vegetius Renatus: Die Quellen der Epitoma Rei Militaris' Klio 22 (1930), pp. 28‑81.

H. Schönberger 'The Roman Frontier in Germany: an Archaeological Survey' Journal of Roman Studies 59 (1969), pp. 144‑197.

P. Stadter 'The Ars Tactica of Arrian: Tradition and Originality' Classical Philology 73 (1978), pp. 117‑128.

Oliver Spaulding, 'Ancient Military Writers' Classical Journal 28 (1932), pp. 657‑669.

C. E. Stevens 'The will of Q. Veranius' Classical Review n.s.1 (1951), pp. 4‑7.

R. Syme 'The Career of Arrian' Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 85 (1982), pp. 181‑211.

R. Syme 'Domitius Corbulo' Journal of Roman Studies 60 (1970), pp. 27‑39.

R. Syme 'The Testamentum Dasumii: Some Novelties' Chiron 15 (1985), pp. 41‑63.

R. Syme 'The Imperial Finances Under Domitian, Nerva and Trajan' Journal of Roman Studies 20 (1930), pp. 55‑70.

R. Syme 'More Narbonensian Senators' Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 65 (1986), pp. 1‑24.

R. Syme 'P. Calvisius Ruso: One Person or Two?' Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 56 (1984), pp. 173‑192.

R. Syme Review of Reidinger, Die Statthalter Pannoniens, Gnomon 29 (1957), pp. 518‑519.

R. Syme Review of E. Stein Die kaiserlichen Beamten und Truppenkörper im römischen Deutschland unter dem Prinzipat and E. Ritterling Fasti des römischen Deutschland unter dem Prinzipat, Journal of Roman Studies 23 (1933), pp. 94‑98.

H. Traub 'Agricola's Refusal of a Governorship' Historia 24 (1975), pp. 255‑257.

C. Tuplin 'Military Trickery: review of E. Wheeler Stratagem and the Vocabulary of Military Trickery' Classical Review n.s. 40 (1990), pp. 403‑404.

J. Ward Perkins 'The Career of Sex. Julius Frontinus' Classical Quarterly 21 (1937), pp. 102‑105.

K. Waters 'Traianus Domitiani Continuator' American Journal of Philology 90 (1969), pp. 385‑405.

Everett L. Wheeler 'Flavius Arrianus: A Political and Military Biography' Dissertation Abstracts International 39 (1978), p. 400.

Everett L. Wheeler 'The Legion as Phalanx' Chiron 9 (1979), pp. 303‑318.

Everett L. Wheeler 'The Occasion of Arrian's Tactica' Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 19 (1978), pp. 351‑365.

Everett L. Wheeler 'The Origins of Military Theory in Ancient Greece and China' International Commission of Military History 5 (1981), pp. 74‑79.

Everett L. Wheeler 'The Modern Legality of Frontinus' Stratagems' Militärgeschichtliche Mitteilungen 43.1 (1988), pp. 7‑29.

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