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Tacitus: Annals

p419 Table of Dates

The following list includes the more important events, which must have been related in the lost parts of the Annals:—

Annals V.5‑fin., V. init.

29 A.D. Trial and condemnation of Agrippina and her son Nero; the former banished to Pandateria, the latter to Pontia. Drusus spared for the moment, and married to Aemilia Lepida (cf. VI.40).

30 A.D. Condemnation of Asinius Gallus, who is not permitted to die (cf. VI.23). Drusus pronounced a public enemy and immured in an underground chamber of the Palatium (cf. VI.23). Sejanus now apparently omnipotent.

31 A.D. Sejanus consul with Tiberius; leaves Capreae for Rome. Deaths of Curtius Atticus (IV.58), Fufius Geminus (V.2 Ῥοῦφος Γεμίνος, D. Cass. LVIII.4),º and Drusus; Sejanus' tool, Fulcinius Trio, consul suffectus in July. Signs that suspicions are entertained of Sejanus, who determines to remove both the emperor and Gaius (Caligula). Plot p420divulged to Tiberius, who takes counter-measures. Sejanus struck down on Oct. 18, the principal agents being Memmius Regulus (cos. suff. Oct. 1), Cn. Sertorius Macro (privately appointed praefectus praetorio), and Graecinus Lacedaemon (praefectus vigilum). News signalled to Tiberius in Capreae. Many executions. Apicata reveals the circumstances of Drusus' death eight years previously. Livia put to death.

Annals VIX (with part of XI).

37 A.D. Accession of Gaius (March 18) amid universal enthusiasm. Exiles recalled; prosecutions under the lex maiestatis nominally abjured; Tiberius Gemellus favoured; Claudius introduced to public life; Nero born. Great financial extravagance. Illness of the emperor in October, followed by symptoms of mental derangement. Tiberius Gemellus and M. Junius Silanus (father-in‑law of the emperor) forced to suicide.

38 A.D. The comitia restored in name. Death and deification of the emperor's sister and mistress, Drusilla. Executions and confiscations frequent. Macro compelled to commit suicide. Serious rioting between Jews and gentiles at Alexandria, caused by attempt to introduce into the synagogues images of the emperor, whose belief in his own divinity becomes more and more pronounced.

39 A.D. Further executions and confiscations. Herod Antipas and Herodias banished to p421Lyons;a Mithridates of Armenia summoned to Rome and detained; bridge of boats — largely grain-ships — thrown across Gulf of Baiae. The emperor in Gaul: conspiracy and death of his brother-in‑law Aemilius Lepidus and Lentulus Gaetulicus, legatus of Lower Germany. His sisters, Agrippina and Julia Livilla, banished for complicity in the plot. Auction of imperial heirlooms at Lyons.

40 A.D. The emperor at Lyons; sole consul for a time. Makes a fantastic demonstration against Britain; returns to Rome on Aug. 31. Orders to place his image in the Holy of Holies at Jerusalem temporarily cancelled at the intercession of the legate of Syria and Herod Agrippa, who has received the dominions of Philip the Tetrarch (37 A.D.) and Herod Antipas (39 A.D.). Deputation of Alexandrian Jews to Rome, including Philo, who describes it in the Legatio ad Gaium.

41 A.D. Assassination of Gaius (Jan. 24); Claudius proclaimed by the praetorians, who are accorded a donative of 15,000 sesterces a man. Herod Agrippa rewarded for his services at the crisis by the grant of Judaea, which ceases to be a procuratorial province. Agrippina and Julia Livilla recalled; but the latter again banished, at the instigation of Messalina, on a charge of adultery with Seneca, who is exiled to Corsica. Birth of Britannicus (Feb. 13).

p422 42 A.D. Reduction of Mauretania, which is made into two procuratorial provinces (M. Caesariensis, M. Tingitana). Messalina, with the help of Narcissus, procures the death of her step-father Ap. Iunius Silanus. Conspiracy of Annius Vinicianus, supported by Furius Camillus Scribonianus, legatus of Dalmatia; rising collapses immediately. Many executions.

43 A.D. Invasion of Britain under A. Plautius Silvanus, who defeats Caratacus and captures Camulodunum; Claudius present for sixteen days. ? Mithridates recovers Armenia.

44 A.D. Triumph of Claudius. Achaia and Macedonia transferred to the senate. Judaea, after the death of Herod Agrippa, again placed under procurators.

45 A.D. ? Rebellion of Mithridates of Bosporus, crushed by A. Didius Gallus.

47 A.D. Censorship of Claudius and Vitellius. Ovation of A. Plautius Silvanus, who is succeeded as legatus of Britain by P. Ostorius Scapula. Extant portion of Book XI opens with the death of Valerius Asiaticus.

Annals XVI.35‑XVIII.

See vol. II.2342.


Thayer's Note:

a Actually, to a Roman town named Lugdunum (there are many!) — in this case, probably Lugdunum Convenarum, now the tiny village of St‑Bertrand-de‑Comminges in SW France. (The mention of Lyons in 40 A.D., on the other hand, is correct.)


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