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Acetabulum

p4 Articles on p4 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.


[image ALT: An engraving of an undecorated cup with two small handles and on a short foot, of more or less the same shape as the little cup usually found on a modern candlestick. It is an illustration of the Roman acetabulum.]

ACETA′BULUM (ὀξίς, ὀξύβαφον, ὀξυβάφιον), a vinegar-cup, which, from the fondness of the Greeks and Romans for vinegar, was probably always placed on the table at meals to dip the food in before eating it. The vessel was wide and open above, as we see in the annexed cut, taken from Panofka's work on Greek vases; and the name was also given to all cups resembling it in size and form, to whatever use they might be applied. They were commonly of earthenware, but sometimes of silver, bronze, or gold (Aristoph. Av. 361; Athen. VI p230, XI p494; Quintil. VIII.6). The cups used by jugglers in their performances were also called by this name (Sen. Ep. 45). [unsigned]

ACETA′BULUM, a Roman measure of capacity, fluid, and dry, equivalent to the Greek ὀξύβαφον. It was one-fourth of the hemina; and therefore one-eighth of the sextarius. It contained the weight in water of fifteen Attic drachmae (Plin. H. N. XXI.34 s109). [P.S.]


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