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p78 Amictus

Article by James Yates, M.A., F.R.S.,
on pp78‑79 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

AMICTUS, AMI′CULUM, The verb amicire is commonly opposed to induere, the former being applied to the putting on of the outer garment, the chlamys, pallium, laena, or toga (ἱμάτιον, φᾶρος); the latter, to the putting on of the inner garment, the tunica (χιτών). In consequence of this distinction, the verbal nouns, amictus and indutus, even without any further denomination of the dress being added, indicate respectively the outer and the inner clothing (see Tibull. I.9.13; Corn. Nep. Cimon, 4, Dat. 3 §2; Virg. Aen. III.545, V.421, compared with Apoll. Rhod. II.30). Sometimes, however, though rarely, amicire and induere are each used in a more general way, so as to refer to any kind of clothing.

In Greek amicire is expressed by ἐφέννυσθαι, ἀμφιέννυσθαι, ἀμπέχεσθαι, ἐπιβάλλεσθαι, περιβάλλεσθαι: p79and induere by ἐνωύνειν. Hence came ἐφεστρίς, ἀμπεχόνη, ἐπίβλημα and ἐπιβόλαιον, περίβλημα and περιβόλαιον, an outer garment, and ἔνδυμα, an inner garment, a tunic, a shirt.


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