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p92 Anagogia

Article by Leonhard Schmitz, Ph.D., F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of Edinburgh
on p92 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

ANAGO′GIA (ἀναγώγια), a festival celebrated at Eryx, in Sicily, in honour of Aphrodite. The inhabitants of the place believed that, during this festival, the goddess went over into Africa, and that all the pigeons of the town and its neighbourhood likewise departed and accompanied her (Aelian, Hist. An. IV.2, V. H. I.14; Athen. IX p394). Nine days afterwards, at the so‑called καταγώγια (return), one pigeon having returned and entered the temple, the rest followed. This was the signal for general rejoicing and feasting. The whole district was said at this time to smell of butter, which the inhabitants believed to be a sign that Aphrodite had returned (Athen. IX p395; comp. K. F. Hermann, Lehrb. d. gottesdienstl. Alterth. d. Griechen, § 68, n. 29).


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