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p270 Chalceia

Article by Leonhard Schmitz, Ph.D., F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of Edinburgh
on p270 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

CHALCEIA (χαλκεῖα), a very ancient festival celebrated at Athens, which at different times seems to have had a different character, for at first it was solemnised in honour of Athena, surnamed Ergane, and by the whole people of Athens, whence it was called Ἀθήναια or Πάνδημος (Suidas, s.v.; Etymol. Magn.; Eustath. ad Il. II p284, 36). At a later period, however, it was celebrated only by artisans, especially smiths, and in honour of Hephaestus, whence its name was changed into Χαλκεῖα (Pollux, VII.105). It was kept on the 30th day of the month of Pyanepsion (Suidas, Harpocrat. Eustath. l.c.). Menander had written a comedy called Χαλκεῖα, a fragment of which is preserved in Athen. XI p502 (comp. Welcker, Die Aeschyl. Trilog. p290).


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