Article by James Yates, M.A., F.R.S.,
on pp707‑708 of
The woodcut in the Dictionary was in black-and‑white; I colorized it.
), the border of a tunic (Corippus, de Laud. Just. II
.117) or a scarf. (Virg. p708Aen. IV.137
Serv. in loc.
) This ornament, when displayed upon the tunic, was of similar kind with the
(Servius in Virg. Aen. II.616)
, but much less expensive, more common and more simple. It was generally woven in the same piece with the entire garment of which it formed a part, and it had sometimes the appearance of a scarlet or purple band upon a white ground; in other instances it resembled foliage (Virg. Aen. I.649
Ovid, Met. VI.127
), or the scrolls and meanders introduced in architecture.
A very elegant effect was produced by bands of gold thread interwoven in cloth of Tyrian purple
(Ovid, Met. V.51)
, and called ληροί
; Brunck, Anal. I
.483). Demetrius Poliorcetes was arrayed in this manner (χρυσοπαρύφοις ἀλουργῖσι
Plut. Demet. 41
mentions a scarf enriched with gold, the border of which was in the form of a double meander. In illustration of this account examples of both the single and the double meander are introduced at the top of the annexed woodcut. The other eight specimens of limbi
are selected to show some of the principal varieties of this ornament, which present themselves on Etruscan vases and other works of ancient art.
The use of the limbus was almost confined to the female sex among the Greeks and Romans; but in other nations it was admitted into the dress of men likewise.
An ornamental band, when used by itself as a fillet to surround the temples or the waist, was also called limbus (Stat.
Claud. de Cons. Mallii Theod. 118). Probably the limbolarii mentioned by Plautus
(Aulul. III.5.45), were persons employed in making bands of this description.