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p769 Munychia

Article by Leonhard Schmitz, Ph.D., F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of Edinburgh
on p769 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

MUNY′CHIA (μουνύχια), a festival celebrated in honour of Artemis Munychia. Plutarch (de Glor. Ath. p349F) says that it was instituted to commemorate the victory over the Persians at Salamis, and that it was held every year on the sixteenth of Munychion (compare Suidas and Harpocrat. s.v. Μουνυχιών). The sacrifices which were offered to the goddess on this day consisted of cakes called ἀμφιφῶντες, either because at this season the full moon was seen in the west at the moment the sun rose in the east, or, as is more probable, and also confirmed by most authorities, because these cakes were adorned all round with burning candles (Athen. XIV p645; Suidas, s.v. Ἀνάστατοι: Hesych. and Etymol. Mag. s.v. Ἀμφιφῶν). Eustathius (ad Iliad. XVIII) says that these cakes were made of cheese.


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