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p854 Pamboeotia

Article by Leonhard Schmitz, Ph.D., F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of Edinburgh
on pp854‑855 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

PAMBOEOTIA (παμβοιώτια), a festive panegyris of all the Boeotians, which the grammarians compare with the Panathenaea of the Atticans, and the Panionia of the Ionians. The principal object of the meeting was the common worship of Athena Itonia, who had a temple in the neighbourhood of Coronea, near which the panegyris was held (Strabo, IX p411; Paus. IX.34 § 1). From Polybius (IV.3, IX.34) it appears that during this national festival no war was allowed to be carried on, and that in case of a war a truce was always concluded. This panegyris is also mentioned by Plutarch (Amat. Narrat. p774F). It is a disputed point whether the Pamboeotia had anything to do with the political constitution of Boeotia, or with the relation of its several towns to Thebes; but if so, it can have been only previous to the time when Thebes had obtained the undisputed supremacy in Boeotia. The question is discussed in Sainte Croix, Des Gouvernements fédérat. p211, &c.; Raoul-Rochette, Sur la Forme p855et l'Administr. de l'Etat fédératif des Béotiens, in the Mém. de l'Acad. des Inscript. vol. VIII (1827) p214, &c.; Wachsmuth, Hell. Alt. vol. I p176, 2d edit.


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