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For Smith's general article on Roman shoes, see CALCEUS.

Pero
(also: Carbatina)

p889 Article by James Yates, M.A., F.R.S.,
on p889 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

PERO, CARBA′TINA (ἀρβύλη, dim. ἀρβυλίς; καρβατίνη, Xen. Anab. IV.5 §14), a low boot of untanned hide (crudus, Virg. Aen. VII.690; Brunck, Anal. I.230), worn by ploughmen (peronatus arator, Pers. V.102) and shepherds, as exemplified in the woodcut, at p808, and by others employed in rural occupations (Juv. XIV.186). It had a strong sole (Theocrit. VII.26), and was adapted to the foot with great exactness (Galen. in Hippoc. Lib. IV). It was also called πηλοπάτις on account of its adaptation for walking through clay and mire. In the Greek mythology Perseus was represented wearing boots of this description with wings attached to them (Lycophron, 839). Diana wore them, when accoutred for the chace (Brunck, Anal. III.206). [Cothurnus.]

The term ἀρβύλη is applied to an appendage to the Greek chariot (Eurip. Hippol. 1179, Herc. Fur. 1275). It seems to have been a shoe fastened to the bottom of the chariot, into which the driver inserted his foot to assist him in driving and to prevent him from being thrown out.


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