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p945 Poseidonia

Article by Leonhard Schmitz, Ph.D., F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of Edinburgh
on p945 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

POSEIDONIA (ποσειδώνια), a festival held every year in Aegina in honour of Poseidon (Athen. XIII p588; Plut. Quaest. Gr. 44). It seems to have been celebrated by all the inhabitants of the island, as Athenaeus (XIII p590) calls it a panegyris, and mentions that during one celebration Phryne, the celebrated hetaera, walked naked into the sea in the presence of the assembled Greeks. The festival is also mentioned by Theodoretus (Therap. 7), but no particulars are recorded respecting the way in which it was celebrated (comp. Müller Aeginet. p148).


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