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p996 Sacrarium

Article by Leonhard Schmitz, Ph.D., F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of Edinburgh
on p996 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

SACRA′RIUM was, according to the definition of Ulpian (Dig. 1. tit. 8, s.9 §2), any place in which sacred things were deposited and kept, whether this place was a part of a temple or of a private house (cf. Cic. c. Verr. IV.2, pro Milon. 31; Suet. Tib. 51). A sacrarium therefore was that part of every house in which the images of the penates were kept. Respecting the sacrarium of the Lares see Lararium. Public sacraria at Rome were: one attached to the temple of the Capitoline Jupiter, in which the tensae or chariots for public processions were kept (Suet. Vesp. 5; Grat. Falisc. 534); the place of the Salii in which the ancilia and the lituus of Romulus were kept (Val. Max. I.8.11; Serv. ad Aen. VII.603), and others. In the time of the emperors, the name sacrarium was sometimes applied to a place in which a statue of an emperor was erected (Tac. Annal. II.41; Stat. Silv. V.1.240). Livy (I.21) uses it as a name for a sacred retired place in general.


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