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p1087 Synoikia

Article by Leonhard Schmitz, Ph.D., F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of Edinburgh
on p1087 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

SYNOI′KIA (συνοίκια or συνοικέσια), a festival celebrated every year at Athens on the 16th of Hecatombeion in honour of Athena. It was believed to have been instituted by Theseus to commemorate the concentration of the government of the various towns of Attica and Athens (Thucyd. III.15; Steph. Byz. s.v. Ἀθῆναι). According to the Scholiast on Aristophanes (Pax, 962) an unbloody sacrifice was on this day offered to the goddess of peace (εἰρήνη). This festival, which Plutarch (Thes. 24) calls μετοίκια, is mentioned by both by him and by Thucydides as still held in their days (compare Meyer, de Bon. damnat. p120).


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