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The helmet of the Thraex was decorated with a tall solid crest terminating in the head of a griffin, the companion of Nemesis, goddess of vengeance and retribution. It was decorated with feathers worn in sockets on the sides, as well as a removable plume (crista) that could be affixed to the crest. The palm tree on this particular helmet, which is in the National Archaeological Museum (Naples), likely refers to the palm branch awarded the victor. A shield and crossed lances decorate each cheek piece.
Reference: "Familia Gladiatoria: The Heroes of the Amphitheater" by Marcus Junkelman, Gladiators and Caesars (2000) edited by Eckart Köhne and Cornelia Ewigleben.
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