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Chapter 12

This webpage reproduces a chapter of
Tarnished Warrior

James Ripley Jacobs

published by
The Macmillan Company,
New York, 1938

The text is in the public domain.

This page has been carefully proofread
and I believe it to be free of errors.
If you find a mistake though,
please let me know!

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This site is not affiliated with the US Military Academy.

 p341  Bibliography

I. Primary Source Material

A. Unpublished

Because of Wilkinson's extensive travels and correspondence, his letters are widely scattered. The locations of manuscript material relating to his career are arranged below in alphabetical order. Sources marked at the beginning with a 1 probably contain not more than five papers concerning Wilkinson. Besides the manuscripts enumerated below, there are a few Wilkinson letters in the hands of his descendants and of manuscript dealers.

Albany, New York

In New York State Library are eleven letters written by Wilkinson from 1814 to 1821 to Solomon Van Rensselaer; some of the papers of Isaiah and John Townsend, contractors for Wilkinson's army during 1813 and 1814, and a book without page numbering containing orders of the 3rd Regiment of Artillery while it was stationed at Sacketts Harbor.

Annapolis, Maryland

Hall of Records: 1 Account Book of the Maryland Court of Appeals contains letters relating to Wilkinson in 1822 and 1824.

Baltimore, Maryland

1 The Library of Maryland Historical Society: Otho Holland Williams Papers, Vols. I and VI; Isaac Briggs Papers.

Boston, Massachusetts

The Massachusetts Historical Society has about thirty-five letters that Wilkinson wrote to Winthrop Sargent between 1797 and 1800. In the Henry Knox Papers are a few more.

The Public Library of the City of Boston has at least five Wilkinson letters. They are in different collections and date from 1797 to 1820.

Buffalo, New York

1 The Buffalo Historical Society Library has at least two Wilkinson letters of 1813.

Chicago, Illinois

Chicago Historical Society owns three volumes of Wilkinson's letters covering the period from 1779 to 1809. Those from 1796 through 1809 are especially valuable. A few others written at later dates are scattered in several collections.

The Newberry Library has approximately twenty letters written to or by Wilkinson, all but two of which are before 1800. In the Ayer Collection are twenty  p342 bound volumes of "typescripts" entitled Despatches of the Spanish Governors of Louisiana; it also contains copies of many important papers found in the Library of Congress.

In the Library of the University of Chicago are located the Durrett Collection and the Gardoqui Papers. In the former are thirty or forty papers covering Wilkinson's Kentucky career and the Journal of the Kentucky Conventions for Statehood; in the latter are several letters relating to Wilkinson's applications for land and trade dispensations.

Cincinnati, Ohio

The Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, at the University of Cincinnati Library Building, has several letters of Wilkinson written while he was prominent in the Northwest.

Frankfort, Kentucky

The Library of the Kentucky State Historical Society has a number of letters that Wilkinson wrote between 1784 and 1791. Seven of them were addressed to Dr. Shiell and have been published in the Register (Kentucky State Historical Society) of September, 1926.

Hanover, New Hampshire

1 The Library of Dartmouth College: Papers of Josiah Bartlett.

Hartford, Connecticut

The Connecticut State Library has several letters that Wilkinson wrote to John Pratt and Jeremiah Wadsworth between 1790 and 1795. It has also other manuscripts in which Wilkinson is mentioned. See the Library's Supplementary Index to Revolutionary Manuscripts.

Havana, Cuba

In the National Archives are at least five letters that Wilkinson wrote to Miró, Jorda, Harmar, and Martinez between 1789 and 1790. They are in the Second bundle of Florida papers.

Jackson, Mississippi

In the Mississippi Department of Archives and History are found many letters of Winthrop Sargent and William C. C. Claiborne, some of which were written by Wilkinson or relate to him, particularly from 1798 to 1804.

Lexington, Kentucky

In the Fayette County Clerk's office are the records of Wilkinson's land purchases and sales. They are found in Burnt Records, Vols. 3‑5, Deed Book Q, and District Court Books, C. and A. The Burnt Records (eight volumes) are composed of copies of burnt records that were salvaged from a fire that destroyed the County Clerk's office in 1803; the contents of each volume are arranged without unity of time, person, or place.

Madison, Wisconsin

In the Library of the Historical Society of Wisconsin are the Harmar Papers (two volumes), Draper Notes (thirty-three volumes), Kentucky MSS. (thirty-two volumes), and Newspaper Extracts (four volumes). The first of these has information  p343 covering Wilkinson's career along the Ohio up to 1799; the others, found in the Draper Collection, are only incidentally concerned with the General.

Mexico, D. F., Mexico

See Bolton, Guide to Materials for the History of the United States in the Principal Archives of Mexico, published by the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D. C.

New Haven, Connecticut

The Yale University Library has a collection of Philip Nolan manuscripts acquired from Henry I. Wagner. In them are eight Wilkinson and Cordero letters of 1806.

New Orleans, Louisiana

The Library of the Cabildo contains a few Wilkinson items; among them is H. C. Castellano, Scrap Book, interesting for its data on local conditions shortly after the Louisiana Purchase.

In the Louisiana State Historical Society are the Pontalba Papers, a collection of hand-written copies of manuscripts owned by the Pontalba family at Senlis, France. They are helpful in supplementing information gained from the Spanish Archives concerning the relations of Wilkinson and Miró.

New York City

1 The Library of Columbia University has a few Wilkinson letters. With one exception they are in the De Witt Clinton Papers and were written while Wilkinson was in Mexico.

The Library of the New York Historical Society owns the Gates Papers, in which are a number of letters that Wilkinson wrote to Gates and others during the Revolution.

The New York Public Library has at least four Wilkinson letters in the Emmet Collection. In the Military Papers of General Peter Gansevoort, Jr., are about a dozen written from 1808 to 1811. Miscellaneous Papers have about twenty, ranging in date from 1776 to 1823. A few others are found in the James Monroe Papers, Richard Varick Papers, etc.

Ottawa, Canada

The Public Archives of Canada contain considerable information relating to Wilkinson's campaign of 1813‑1814. Most of it is found in the Series C.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania Library has approximately two hundred Wilkinson letters. The Gratz Collection, McKean Papers, etc. contain a few of them. In the Joel R. Poinsett Papers (twenty-two volumes) are several manuscripts concerned with Wilkinson's activities in Mexico from 1822 to 1825. The Rawle Collection has many data relating to Wilkinson's operations on the Canadian border in 1813 and 1814. The Anthony Wayne Papers (seventy-three volumes) furnish essential information about Wilkinson, Wayne, and the Army, especially between 1792 and 1796.

The Library of the American Philosophical Society has Early Minutes of the American Philosophical Society, which Wilkinson joined January 19, 1798, and two Meteorological Journals and two Meteorological Tables kept by Wilkinson in 1797.

 p344  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

The Library of the University of Pittsburgh has the Darlington Collection, containing thirty-eight letters of Wilkinson. They are dated from 1790 to 1816 and were written in most cases to General Samuel Smith of Baltimore.

St. Louis, Missouri

The Missouri Historical Society Library has the Thomas Jefferson Papers, Amos Stoddard Papers, and the General James Wilkinson Papers. They respectively contain seven, six, and sixteen manuscripts relating to Wilkinson, all of which were written after 1801. In other collections additional Wilkinson data may be found.

San Marino, California

1 The Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery.

Ticonderoga, New York

The Ticonderoga Museum has a number of manuscripts in which Wilkinson is referred to, and one long letter that Dearborn wrote to him in 1815.

Washington, D. C.

Here are the largest depositaries of Wilkinson material. In the Library of Congress are the following relevant manuscripts.

Archivo General de Indias, Papeles Procedentes de Cuba: Under this title are found a great number of photostats that the Library of Congress has made of important papers in the archives of Spain at Seville. They are grouped in bundles (legajos), each of about three hundred pages. For Wilkinson's relations with the Spaniards, legajos 2373, 2374, and 2375 are of intrenchment. The Library has also photostats of manuscripts from the Archivo Histórico Nacional, Madrid; they contain frequent references to Wilkinson. For pertinent papers in the Spanish Archives, see Hill, Descriptive Catalogue of the Documents Relating to the History of the United States, etc.

The James Brown Papers (five volumes): several letters relating to Wilkinson during 1803, 1804, and 1805.

Public Archives of Canada: Series C: Military Papers, vol. 681. This volume is composed of photostats of letters, orders, reports, etc. of British officers operating against Wilkinson during 1813 and 1814.

The Papers of the Continental Congress furnish information about Wilkinson's promotion in 1777 and his work as a clothier general, 1779‑1781.

Andrew Ellicott Papers (three volumes): correspondence between Wilkinson and Ellicott between 1797 and 1800.

Thomas Flournoy Papers (one box): a number of Wilkinson's letters and orders while at New Orleans during 1812 and 1813.

Alexander Hamilton Papers (1st Series, eighty-four volumes; 2nd Series, twenty-four volumes; Reports to Congress, two): The volumes covering from 1795 through 1801 supply considerable information concerning the administration of the Army and the relations of Hamilton and Wilkinson. There are about fifty letters written by Wilkinson.

Harry Innes Papers (thirty-two volumes) are essential for any study of Wilkinson's career from 1784 to 1796. For this purpose Vols. XIX, XXII, and XXIII are the most important.

Thomas Jefferson Papers (two hundred and thirty-six volumes) contain a  p345 number of letters from and relating to Wilkinson, especially for the period from 1804 to 1809.

Jacob Kingsbury Papers (three volumes): several letters to and from Wilkinson and Kingsbury, especially between 1800 and 1804.

Letters in Relation (one volume): they concern the Burr Conspiracy.

The James Madison Papers (one hundred and five volumes): about twenty letters that Wilkinson wrote to Madison. In others' correspondence Wilkinson is frequently mentioned.

The James Monroe Papers (twenty-two volumes): approximately fifteen letters relating to Wilkinson of no particular period.

Northwest Territory Papers (eight packets). This collection contains little of direct bearing on Wilkinson but a good deal concerning early conditions in the Ohio country.

David Porter Papers, 1805‑1812; data concerning Wilkinson at New Orleans during the Burr Conspiracy and while his troops were at Terre aux Boeufs.

John Stark Collection: "Minutes of the Battle of Bunker Hill. Answers to Questions of General Wilkinson, 1815‑1816."

Joseph Meredith Tonei Papers (Ohio Collection): the Official Letter Book of Fort Washington, 1794‑1795.

United States Revolution (Miscellaneous Papers); several letters relating to Wilkinson.

The George Washington Papers (approximately three hundred volumes in customary, one hundred in original, bindings). They contain a number of Wilkinson letters. See calendar of the Correspondence with the Officers.

Wilkinson Papers (one volume and one folder): They are composed mostly of letters Wilkinson wrote between 1793 and 1812.

In the Interior Department, Indian Office, are some of Wilkinson's letters and reports while he was acting as a commissioner to the Indians; the Land Office contains his correspondence with the Secretary of the Treasury concerning surveyors, boundaries, roads, public lands, etc.

In the State Department, Bureau of Indexes and Archives, are a few Wilkinson letters; the Bureau of Rolls and Library has the correspondence of Wilkinson with the Secretary of State during 1805 and 1806.

The War Department Archives have a very great number of Wilkinson's official letters. They are mostly found in the Adjutant-General's Office, Old Files and Old Records Divisions. In the Engineer Office are several maps and other important information concerning the War of 1812. In the Judge-Advocate's Office is the record of Wilkinson's court-martial in 1815.

West Point, New York

The Library, United States Military Academy: Wayne Order Books, 1792‑1794 invaluable for information of the early Army.

B. Published

1. Books and Pamphlets

Adams, John Quincy, Memoirs, ed. C. F. Adams, 12 vols. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1877.

 p346  American Archives, ed. Peter Force et al. 9 vols. Washington, 1837‑1853.

Valuable for Revolutionary data.

American State Papers, selected and ed. Walter Lowrie et al. Washington: Gales & Seaton, 1832‑1861.

The following volumes are relevant: Claims; Foreign Relations, Vol. II; Military Affairs, Vol. I; Miscellaneous, Vols. I and II; Public Lands, Vol. V.

Ames, Fisher, Works, ed. Seth Ames. 2 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1854.

Annals of Congress of the United States. 42 vols. Washington: Gales & Seaton, 1834‑1856.

See Annals of the Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, and Eleventh Congresses.

Biddle, Charles, Autobiography. Philadelphia: E. Claxton & Co., 1883.

Charles Biddle was a friend of Wilkinson and a cousin of his wife.

Boyd, John Parker, Documents and Facts, Relative to Military Events, During the Late War (1816?)

A rather rare pamphlet of about forty pages. Both the date of publication and the publisher are lacking. Copies are in the Library of the U. S. Military Academy, West Point, and the N. Y. Public Library. In spite of his own explanations Boyd's burden of incompetence appears as heavy as before.

Boyer, Lieut., A Journal of Wayne's Campaign, printed with A Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Michael Cresap. Cincinnati, 1866.

Brannon, John, Official Letters of the Military & Naval Officers of the U. S. . . . in the Years 1812, 1813, 1814, 1815. Washington, 1823.


The Library of Congress has about one hundred and fifty packets and fifty-seven bound volumes of broadsides. Several written in 1806 and 1807 give the viewpoints of Wilkinson's friends and foes.

Burgoyne, John, A State of the Expedition from Canada as Laid Before the House of Commons. London: J. Almon, 1780.

The testimony of Burgoyne and others to free him from blame for the failure of his campaign.

Burnett, E. C., ed., Letters of Members of the Continental Congress. 8 vols. Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1921‑1936.

Burr, Aaron, The Private Journal of Aaron Burr During His Residence of Four Years in Europe. 2 vols. New York: Harper, 1838.

Callan, J. F., The Military Laws of the United States. Philadelphia, 1863.

A convenient book of reference. Unfortunately, some of the laws are not given as a whole, they are merely briefed.

Cist, Charles, The Cincinnati Miscellany. 2 vols. Cincinnati, 1845.

The two volumes contain numerous letters between Wilkinson and John Armstrong during 1792.

Claiborne, W. C. C., Official Letter Books, 1801‑1816, ed. Dunbar Rowland. 6 vols. Jackson, Miss.: State Dept. of Archives and History, 1917.

Clark, Daniel, Proofs of the Corruption of General James Wilkinson and of His Connexion with Aaron Burr. Philadelphia, 1809.

A bitter denunciation of Wilkinson by one of his worst enemies. If for no other reason, the book deserves reading for the documents that it contains.

 p347  Dallas, George M., Life and Writings of Alexander James Dallas. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1871.

A book without interest except for the letters that it frequently quotes.

Ellicott, Andrew, Journal. Philadelphia: Thomas Dobson, 1803.

It covers the period while Ellicott and Wilkinson were in the neighborhood of Natchez and New Orleans and were friendly. Wilkinson is frequently mentioned.

Expenditures in the Naval and Military Establishments by the Quarter Master General and Navy Agents, 1797‑1801.

Both date of publication and publisher are lacking. The book is relatively rare. A copy is in the War College Library, Washington. It gives the purchase price of many commonplace things used by early frontier posts.

"A Faithful picture of the political situation in New Orleans at the close of the last and beginning of the present year, 1807."

Probably written by Edward Livingston or James Workman. It is reprinted in the Louisiana Historical Quarterly, Vol. II.

Ford, Worthington C., and Hunt, Gaillard, eds., Journals of the Continental Congress. 34 vols. Washington, 1904‑1937.

The volumes contain the proceedings of Congress from Sept. 5, 1774, to Mar. 2, 1789.

Graydon, Alexander, Memoirs of His Own Time. Philadelphia, 1846.

Although Graydon was a constant friend of Wilkinson, he mentions the General only a few times in his Memoirs. The book was written when Graydon was old.

Hamilton, Alexander, Works, ed. J. C. Hamilton. 7 vols. New York: J. F. Trow, 1850‑1851.

Heckewelder, John, "Narrative of [His] Journey to the Wabash in 1792." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, XII (1888), 34‑54, 165‑184.

Heitman, F. B., Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army. 2 vols. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

Hening, W. W., ed., The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia. Vols. XII and XIII, Richmond and Philadelphia. 1823.

Jackson, Andrew, Correspondence, ed. J. S. Bassett. 7 vols. Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1926‑1935.

Jay, John, Correspondence and Public Papers, ed. H. P. Johnston. 4 vols. New York: Putnam, 1890.

It contains several significant letters relating to Burgoyne's campaign and its aftermath.

Jillson, W. R., Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds (Filson Club Publications, No. 34). Louisville: Standard Printing Co., 1926.

––––– The Kentucky Land Grants . . . 1782‑1924 (Filson Club Publications, No. 33). Louisville: Standard Printing Co., 1925.

King, Rufus, Life and Correspondence, ed. Charles R. King. 6 vols. New York: Putnam, 1894‑1900.

Maclay, William, Journal, ed. Charles A. Beard. New York: A. & C. Boni, 1927. Maclay was U. S. Senator from Pennsylvania, 1789‑1791.

 p348  Melish, John, Military Atlas and Register. Philadelphia, 1813.

Pike, Zebulon M., The Expeditions of Zebulon Montgomery Pike to Headwaters of the Mississippi River, etc., ed. Elliott Coues. 3 vols. New York: Francis P. Harper, 1895.

This work contains the journals of Pike's expeditions to Santa Fe and the headwaters of the Mississippi.

Reports of the Trials of Colonel Aaron Burr . . . 2 vols. Philadelphia: Hopkins & Earle, 1808.

Rowland, Dunbar, ed., The Mississippi Territorial Archives. Nashville, Tenn.: Brandon Printing Co., 1905.

The volume contains a few letters and numerous references to Wilkinson, ca. 1800.

St. Clair, Arthur, The St. Clair Papers, ed. William H. Smith. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1882.

Sullivan, Major-General John, Letters and Papers, ed. O. G. Hammond (Collections of New Hampshire Historical Soc., Vols. XIII‑XIV). Concord, N. H.: New Hampshire Historical Society, 1931.

They contain several letters concerning Wilkinson, a number relating to the invasion of Canada during 1775 and 1776.

Swift, Gen. Joseph Gardner, Memoirs, ed. Harrison Ellery. Worcester, Mass.: Privately printed, 1890.

Tompkins, Daniel D., Public Papers, ed. Hugh Hastings. 3 vols. Albany, N. Y.: State of New York, 1898‑1902.

Tompkins was Governor of New York from 1807 to 1817. He urged vigorous prosecution of the War of 1812; he frequently wrote to Wilkinson asking him to help equip the state militia properly.

Wilkinson, James, Memoirs of General Wilkinson, Volume II.

There are two editions, 1810 and 1811; they were published at Washington, D. C., and are entirely alike. The edition of 1816, given below, includes little of the material found in the earlier ones.

–––––, Memoirs of My Own Times. 3 vols. and an atlas. Philadelphia: A. Small, 1816.

Winterfield, Charles (?), A Plain Tale, etc. 24 pp. New York, 1807.

Wood, William, Select British Documents of the Canadian War of 1812 (Champlain Society Publications, Vols. XIII‑XV, XVII). Toronto: Champlain Society, 1920‑1928.

Workman, James, A Letter to the Respectable Citizens, Inhabitants of the County of Orleans; Together with Several Letters to His Excellency Governor Claiborne, and Other Documents Relative to the Extraordinary Measures Lately Pursued in This Territory. New Orleans, 1807.

2. Newspapers and Magazines

Those enumerated below were published during Wilkinson's time and contain items about him. The places of publication follow titles.

Albany Argus (Albany, N. Y.)

Albany Register (Albany, N. Y.)

 p349  Augusta Chronicle and Gazette of the State (Augusta, Ga.)

Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Baltimore Whig (Baltimore, Md.)

Cincinnati Miscellany (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Continental Journal and Weekly Advertiser, The (Boston)

Enquirer (Richmond, Va.)

Federal Gazette (Frederick-Town, Md.)

Federal Republican and Commercial Gazette (Baltimore, Md.)

Frederick-Town Herald (Frederick-Town, Md.)

Gazette of the United States (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Kentucky Gazette (Lexington, Ky.)

Literary and Scientific Repository, and Critical Review (New York)

Louisiana Gazette (New Orleans, La.)

National Intelligencer (Washington, D. C.)

New York Evening Post (New York, N. Y.)

New York Gazette and General Advertiser (New York, N. Y.)

New York Packet, The (Fish-Kill, N. Y.)

Niles' Nationalº Register (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Ohio Gazette (Marietta, Ohio)

Palladium (Frankfort, Ky.)

Patriot, The (Utica, N. Y.)

Pittsburgh Gazette (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

Pittsburgh Mercury (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

Virginia Gazette & Richmond Chronicle (Richmond, Va.)

Western World (Cincinnati, Ohio)

II. Secondary Source Material

A. General Works

Adams, Henry, History of the United States of America. 9 vols. New York: Scribner, 1921.

Avery, E. M., A History of the United States and Its People. 7 vols. Cleveland: The Burrows Bros. Co., 1904‑1910.

Channing, Edward, A History of the United States. 7 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1921‑1932.

Ganoe, W. A., The History of the United States Army. New York: Appleton, 1942.

Hart, A. B., ed., The American Nation: A History from Original Sources by Associated Scholars. 28 vols. New York: Harper, 1904‑1918.

Especially useful in this series are: The Confederation and Constitution, by A. C. McLaughlin (Vol. X, 1905), and the Federalist System, by J. S. Bassett (Vol. II, 1906).

Heitman, F. B., Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army. 2 vols. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

Jenkins, J. S., The Generals of the Last War with Great Britain. Auburn, N. Y., 1849.

 p350  Johnson, Allen, and Malone, Dumas, eds., Dictionary of American Biography. 20 vols. New York: Scribner, 1928‑1936.

McMaster, J. B., A History of the People of the United States, from the Revolution to the Civil War. 8 vols. New York: Appleton, 1924.

Roosevelt, Theodore, The Winning of the West. 3 vols. New York: Putnam, 1894‑1896.

Steele, M. F., American Campaigns. 2 vols. Washington: Byron S. Adams, 1909.

Turner, F. J., The Frontier in American History. New York: Holt, 1921.

Upton, Emory, The Military Policy of the United States. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1912.

B. Works Dealing with a Particular Person, Place, or Period

Alexander, Holmes, Aaron Burr, the Proud Pretender. New York: Harper, 1937.

Armstrong, John, Notices of the War of 1812. 2 vols. New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1840.

Biased and superficial; written in his old age, about a quarter of a century after the events he recounts.

Arnold, I. N., The Life of Benedict Arnold: His Patriotism and His Treason. Chicago: Jansen, McClurg & Co., 1880.

Bemis, S. F., Pinckney's Treaty. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1926.

A very scholarly piece of work covering a limited field in detail.

Beveridge, A. J., The Life of John Marshall. 4 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1916‑1919.

The standard biography of John Marshall.

Bolton, C. K., The Private Soldier Under Washington. New York: Scribner, 1902.

A small, interesting volume.

Bond, B. W., The Civilization of the Old Northwest. New York: Macmillan, 1934.

A well written and informing book.

Boyd, Thomas A., Mad Anthony Wayne. New York: Scribner, 1929.

A dispassionate biography pleasingly written.

Brown, John M., The Political Beginnings of Kentucky (Filson Club Publications, No. 6). Louisville: J. P. Morton & Co., 1889.

Bruce, W. C., John Randolph of Roanoke. 2 vols. New York: Putnam, 1922.

The standard biography of John Randolph.

Christian, P. W., General James Wilkinson and Kentucky Separatism, 1784‑1798 (Ph.D. thesis, unpublished). Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University, 1935.

An accurate and detailed account of Wilkinson's rôle in Kentucky politics.

Cox, I. J., "Opening the Santa Fe Trail," Mo. Hist. Review, XXV, 30‑66 (Oct., 1930).

––––– "The New Invasion of the Goths and Vandals," Miss. Valley Hist. Assn. Proceedings, VIII (1914‑1915), 176‑200.

–––– "The Pan-American Policy of Jefferson and Wilkinson," Miss. Valley Hist. Rev., I, 212‑239 (Sept., 1914).

 p351  ––––– The West Florida Controversy, 1798‑1813. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1918.

––––– "Wilkinson's First Break with the Spaniards," Biennial Report, Dept. of Archives and History of the State of West Virginia, 1911‑1912, 1913‑1914, Appendix, pp49‑56. Charleston, W. Va: State of West Virginia, 1914.

––––– "General Wilkinson and His Later Intrigues with the Spaniards," Amer. Hist. Rev., XIX, 749‑812 (July, 1914).

Through the above scholarly articles, Professor Cox has made valuable contributions to a better understanding of Wilkinson.

Drewry, E. B., Episodes in Western Expansion as Reported in the Writings of James Wilkinson (Ph.D. thesis, unpublished). Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University, 1933.

Elliott, C. W., Winfield Scott. New York: Macmillan, 1937.

The standard biography of Winfield Scott.

Filson Club Publications, No. 31: Reprints of Littell's Political Transactions in and Concerning Kentucky, and Letters of George Nicholas to His Friend in Virginia, also Gen. Wilkinson's Memorial. Louisville: J. P. Morton & Co., 1926.

Temple Bodley's Introduction (pp. 1‑cxviii) relates Wilkinson's part in Kentucky politics.

Fiske, John, The Critical Period of American History, 1783‑1789. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1897.

Fortier, Alcée, A History of Louisiana, 4 vols. New York: Goupil & Co. of Paris — Manzi, Joyant & Co., Successors, 1904.

The best history of Louisiana yet published.

Green, T. M., The Spanish Conspiracy, etc. Cincinnati: R. Clarke & Co., 1891.

Hamilton, P. J., Colonial Mobile. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1910.

Hatcher, M. A., The Opening of Texas to Foreign Settlement (University of Texas Bulletin, No. 2714)

Very helpful in any study of Wilkinson's relations with Texas.

Hay, T. W., "General James Wilkinson — the Last Phase," La. Hist. Quarterly, XIX, 407‑435 (Apr., 1936).

––––– "Some Reflections on the Career of General James Wilkinson," Miss. Valley Historical Review, XXI, 471‑494 (Mar., 1935).

–––––, "Letters of Mrs. Ann Biddle Wilkinson from Kentucky, 1788‑1789," Pa. Mag. of Hist. and Biog., LVI, 33‑55 (Jan., 1932).

The Hay articles are of distinct importance; they evince painstaking research and an honest effort to learn the truth about Wilkinson.

Henshaw, Leslie, "The Aaron Burr Conspiracy in the Ohio Valley," Ohio Archaeological and Hist. Quarterly, XXIV, 121‑137 (Apr., 1915).

Houck, Louis, A History of Missouri. 3 vols. Chicago: R. R. Donnelley & Sons Co., 1908.

"An Interview of Governor Folch with General Wilkinson" (document), Amer. Hist. Rev., X, 832‑840 (July, 1905).

James, J. A., The Life of George Rogers Clark. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1928.

King, Grace, Creole Families of New Orleans. New York: Macmillan, 1921.

Charming sketches of people whose faults the author has mostly forgotten.

 p352  Lucas, C. P., The Canadian War of 1812. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1906.

One of the best secondary accounts of the War from the English viewpoint.

McCaleb, W. F., The Aaron Burr Conspiracy. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1903.

The best work of its kind yet published.

McElroy, R. M., Kentucky in the Nation's History. New York: Moffat, Yard, 1909.

McKee, Marguerite M., Service of Supply in the War of 1812," Quartermaster Review, Vol. VI (Jan.‑Feb., 1927, pp6‑19; Mar.‑Apr., 1927, pp45‑54).

McMahon, J. V. L., An Historical View of the Government of Maryland. Baltimore: Lucas & Deaver, 1831.

Mahan, A. T., Sea Power in Its Relations to the War of 1812. 2 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1905.

Mann, James, Medical Sketches of the Campaign of 1812, 13, 14. Dedham, Mass.: H. Mann & Co., 1816.

Discerning observations of an able doctor.

Marshall, Humphrey, The History of Kentucky. 2 vols. Frankfort, Ky. G. S. Robinson, Printer, 1824.

The earliest, perhaps the most biased, history of Kentucky.

Mathews, C. V. C., Andrew Ellicott: His Life and Letters. New York: Grafton Press, 1908.

Nickerson, Hoffman, The Turning Point of the Revolution. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1928.

An excellent account of Burgoyne's campaign.

Priestley, H. I., The Mexican Nation, a History. New York: Macmillan, 1923.

Reed, W. B., Life and Correspondence of Joseph Reed. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1847.

Robertson, J. A., Louisiana Under the Rule of Spain, France, and the United States, 1785‑1807. 2 vols. Cleveland: The A. H. Clark Co., 1911.

It contains several important documents not easily available.

Schachner, Nathan, Aaron Burr. New York: Stokes, 1937.

Scharf, J. F., History of St. Louis City and County. 2 vols. Philadelphia: L. H. Everts & Co., 1883.

Filled with odds and ends of information difficult to find elsewhere.

Scott, Winfield, Memoirs of Lieutenant-General Scott. 2 vols. New York: Sheldon & Co., 1864.

Written when Scott was seventy-eight and his natural forces were abated.

Seaver, F. J., Historical Sketches of Franklin County and Its Several Towns. Albany, N. Y.: J. B. Lyon Co., 1918.

Sellar, Robert, The U. S. Campaign of 1813 to Capture Montreal. Huntingdon, Quebec, 1913.

One of the best accounts of this campaign; not documented.

Shepherd, W. R., "Wilkinson and the Beginnings of the Spanish Conspiracy," Amer. Hist. Rev., IX, 490‑506 (Apr., 1904).

Shreve, R. O., The Finished Scoundrel: General James Wilkinson. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1933.

Written without fairness and adequate study.

 p353  Steiner, B. C., The Life and Correspondence of James McHenry. Cleveland: The Burrows Bros. Co., 1907.

More desirable for the documents that it quotes than for the interpretations that it offers.

––––– Life of Roger Brooke Taney. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins Co., 1922.

Of the same character as Steiner's Life of McHenry.

Stryker, W. S., The Battles of Trenton and Princeton. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1898.

Written by a person of military understanding in an interesting way.

Swisher, E. B., Roger B. Taney. New York: Macmillan, 1935.

Truman, B. C., The Field of Honor. New York: Fords, Howard & Hulbert, 1886.

Verhoeff, Mary, The Kentucky Mountains: Transportation and Commerce, 1750 to 1911 (Filson Club Publications, No. 26). Louisville: J. P. Morton & Co., 1911.

––––– The Kentucky River Navigation (Filson Club Publications, No. 28). Louisville: J. P. Morton & Co., 1917.

Volstorff, V. V., William Charles Cole Claiborne, A Study in Frontier Administration (Ph.D. thesis, unpublished). Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University, 1933.

It contains a thoughtful study of the relations between Claiborne and Wilkinson about 1803.

Wandell, S. H., and Minnigerode, Meade, Aaron Burr. 2 vols. New York; Putnam, 1925.

Whitaker, A. P., The Mississippi Question, 1795‑1803. New York: Appleton-Century Co., 1934.

–––– The Spanish-American Frontier. Boston: Houghton Mifflin 1927.

These two books are the happy result of a long study of a great mass of material from the Spanish archives.

Wilkinson, James, "General James Wilkinson," La. Hist. Quarterly, Vol. I, No. 2 (Sept. 14, 1917), 79‑166.

Wrong, G. M., Canada and the American Revolution. New York: Macmillan, 1935.

An impartial narrative written with almost biblical beauty.

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