Thayer's Note: Stevenson's "translation" of Ptolemy, to which this page belongs, is abysmally bad. It should not be used for any serious purpose. For details and correctives, see my Ptolemy homepage.
The province of Cyrenaica is terminated on the west by the Syrtis Major and by Africa along the line running from Philaeni village toward the south to the terminus, which line extends
on the north by the Libyan sea along the seacoast from the inner angle of the Syrtis to Darnis city, which is thus described:
Next after the Philaeni village:
|Hyphali naval station||47*20||29°40|
|Boreum promontory, end of Syrtis||47*15||31°10|
In the Pentapolis
|Berenice or Hesperides||47*45||31°20|
|mouth of the Lathon river||48*15||31°20|
|Arsinoë or Teuchira||48*40||31°20|
|Phycus promontory and Castle||50*00||31°50|
On the east it is bounded by a part of Marmarica along the line leading from Darnis southward to
|the terminus which is located in||51*15||25°00|
on the south by the Libyan desert along that line which joins the two mentioned termini.
Here are the provinces and the mountains which are called the Mounds of Hercules,
|the center of which is located in||47*40||30°50|
|Maritime lake, that is the lake formed by the Lathon river, the central part of which is located in||47*45||31°10|
|and the lake below Paliurus, in which there are shellfish||52*00||31°10|
The Barcitae inhabit the parts of this region below the Pentapolis toward the east from the Garden of the Hesperides, from which toward the east are the Ararauceles; below the Garden of the Hesperides are the Mounds of Hercules, and from these toward the east the Asbytae; next to Africa above the Velpi mountains are the Macatutae, and next are the caves of the Lasanicori, and toward the east from these are the Psylli, thence a place filled with wild beasts, and then the Silphiofera region.a
The inland towns of the province are the following:
The islands near this region are:
|Laea or Venus island||50*10||31°50|
a Translated, this means "silphium-bearing". For the now extinct silphium (or laser) plant, a Roman culinary luxury the identification of which has exercised many a scholar, and its cultivation over a huge tract of Libya, see this passage of Pliny's Natural History.
Returning to our text, I wouldn't be surprised if the Lasanicori that appear a couple of lines before the Silphiofera region were in fact Lasericolae, or growers of laser.
in 380 AD
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Page updated: 31 Jan 10