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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1839

Vol. II

(Born Md.)

Edward O. C. Ord

(Ap'd D. C.)


Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Born Oct. 18, 1818, Cumberland, MD.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, Sep. 1, 1835, to July 1, 1839, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1839.

 p7  Served in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1839‑42,

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1841)

being engaged in several Skirmishes in the Everglades; in garrison at Ft. Macon, N. C., 1842‑44, — and at Ft. McHenry, Md., 1844‑45; on Coast Survey, Nov. 20, 1845, to May 24, 1846; on Recruiting service, 1846; on voyage to California, 1846‑47; in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48, serving in California; in garrison at Monterey, Cal., 1847‑49,

(Captain, 3d Artillery, Sep. 7, 1850)

1849‑50, — and Ft. Independence, Mas., 1851‑52, 1852; on Coast Survey, Dec. 30, 1852, to Mar. 29, 1855; in garrison at Benicia, Cal., 1855; on Yakima Expedition, 1855; in garrison at Benicia, Cal., 1856; on Rogue River Expedition, 1856, being engaged in command in the Action of Mackanootney Villages, Or., Mar. 26, 1856, — and of Cheteco Creek, Or., Apr. 28, 1856; in garrison at Benicia, Cal., 1856‑58; on frontier duty at Ft. Miller, Cal., 1858; on Spokane Expedition, 1858, being engaged in the Combat of Four Lakes, Sep. 1, 1858, — Combat of Spokane Plain, Sep. 5, 1858, — and Skirmish of Spokane River, Sep. 8, 1858; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1859; on Harper's Ferry Campaign to suppress John Brown's Raid, 1859; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1859‑60; and on frontier duty at Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1861, — Benicia, Cal., 1861, — and San Francisco, Cal., 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in command of brigade of the Army of the Potomac, forming its extreme right

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Sep. 14, 1861)

before Washington, D. C., Nov., 1861, to May 2, 1862, being engaged in

(Major, 4th Artillery, Nov. 21, 1861)

the Action of Dranesville, Va., in command of the engaged troops, Dec. 20,

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., Dec. 20, 1861,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Battle of Dranesville, Va.)

1861; in command of division in the Department of the Rappahannock,

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, May 2, 1862)

May 16 to June, 1862; in command of Corinth, Mis., June to Aug., 1862; in Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Grant's Operations in Mississippi, commanding left wing of army, Aug.‑Sep., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Iuka,

(Bvt. Colonel, Sep. 19, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Battle of Iuka, Mis.)

Sep. 19, 1862; in command of the District of Jackson, Ten., Sep.‑Oct., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of the Hatchie, Oct. 5, 1862, where he was severely wounded, while commanding; on sick leave of absence, Oct. 6 to Nov. 24, 1862; on Military Commission investigating General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Buell's Campaign in Kentucky and Tennessee, Nov. 24, 1862, to May 10, 1863; in command of West Point, Va., May 24‑25, 1863; in command of 13th Army Corps, June 18 to Oct. 28, 1863, being engaged in the Siege of Vicksburg, Mis., June 18 to July 4, 1863, — Operations against the Relieving Forces, resulting in the Capture of Jackson, Mis., July 16, 1863, — and with the Army of Western Louisiana, Aug. to Oct., 1863; on sick leave of absence, Oct. 28 to Dec. 30, 1863; in command of 13th Army Corps, in the Department of the Gulf, Jan. 8 to Feb. 20, 1864, — of troops assembled at Grafton, Webster, and Beverly, W. Va., Apr. 6 to July 9, 1864, — of 8th Army Corps, and all troops in Middle Department, July 11‑21, 1864, — and of 18th Army Corps, July 21 to Sep. 30, 1864, in Operations before Richmond, being wounded in the Assault and Capture of Ft. Harrison, Sep. 29, 1864; on sick leave of absence, disabled by wound, Sep. 30 to Dec. 3, 1864; in command of the Department of  p8 Virginia and North Carolina, Jan. 8 to Feb. 6, 1865, and of the Department of Virginia, Feb. 6 to June 14, 1865, being engaged in the various

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of the Hatchie, Mis.)

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Assault of Ft. Harrison, Va.)

operations of the Siege of Petersburg, and pursuit of the Rebel Army, terminating in the Capitulation of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Lee at Appomattox C. H., Apr. 9, 1865; and in command of the Department of the Ohio, July 5,

(Lieut.‑Col., 1st Artillery, Dec. 11, 1865)

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, July 26, 1866)

1865, to Aug. 6, 1866.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Sep. 1, 1866.

Served: in command of the Department of the Arkansas, Aug. 29, 1866, to Mar. 11, 1867, — of Fourth Military District (Arkansas and Mississippi), Mar. 26, 1867, to Jan. 9, 1868,​a — of Department of California, Apr. 24, 1868, to Dec. 4, 1871, — of Department of the Platte, Dec. 11, 1871, to Apr. 6, 1875, — and of the Department of Texas, Apr. 11, 1875, to Dec. 6, 1880.

Retired from Active Service, Dec. 6, 1880, he being over 62 Years of Age,
and by Special Act of Congress as Major-General, Jan. 28, 1881.

Died, July 22, 1883, at Havana, W. I.: Aged 65.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.º

 p260  Obituary Order.

Upon the death of General Ord, the General-in‑Chief, U. S. Army, issued the following order: —

"With profound sorrow the General of the Army announces the death at Havana, Cuba, at seven o'clock on the evening of the 22d instant, of Major-General Edward O. C. Ord, retired, and lately Brigadier-General and Brevet Major-General on the active list.

"General Ord was graduated at the Military Academy and appointed Second Lieutenant in the 3d Artillery, July 1, 1839. Having passed through the several grades to include that of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Artillery arm, he received his appointment as Brigadier-General of the permanent establishment on the 26th of July, 1866. He had, on the 14th of September, 1861, for service in war, been appointed Brigadier-General of Volunteers, and on the 2nd of May, 1862, Major-General of Volunteers. He was mustered out of the Volunteer service Sep. 1, 1866.

"For gallant services in action at Dranesville, Virginia, Iuka, Mississippi, the Hatchie, Mississippi, and at the Assault at Ft. Harrison, Virginia, he received, successively, the brevets of Lieutenant-Colonel, Colonel, Brigadier-General, and Major-General, U. S. Army. He served in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians; on the Pacific coast in the War with Mexico; and in Indian campaigns on the same coast.

"In the Army of the Potomac, he was a brigade and division commander; in the Army of the Tennessee, he commanded the left wing from August to September, 1862; and subsequently he commanded, successively, the 13th, 8th, 18th, and 24th Corps, and the Army of the James. He was severely wounded in the Battle of the Hatchie, Mississippi, and was wounded in the Assault and Capture of Ft. Harrison, Virginia.

"Since the late war he has at different times commanded the Departments of Virginia, the Ohio, Arkansas, California, the Platte, Texas, and the 4th Military District.

"He was retired on the 6th day of December, 1880, and by Act of Congress,  p9 approved Jan. 28, 1881, he became a Major-General on the retired list. Retirement did not close his active life, for immediately thereafter he engaged in civil pursuits and continued therein until death suddenly came upon him.

"Distinguished among his country's defenders, General Ord was a soldier of national repute. Through his long military service, reaching towards half a century, his career has been marked by faithful, devoted, and intelligent discharge of duty, by personal gallantry, by honest administration, and by a firmness which was not weakened by his great kindness of heart. As his intimate associate since boyhood, the General​b here bears testimony of him that a more unselfish, manly, and patriotic person never lived."

Thayer's Notes:

a For a hostile view of his appointment to the 4th Military District and his service there, see the biographical sketch of his predecessor, Gen. Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Alvan Gillem.

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b Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.William Tecumseh Sherman.

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Page updated: 18 Nov 13