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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1842

Vol. II

(Born O.)

William S. Rosecrans

(Ap'd O.)


William Starke Rosecrans: Born Sep. 6, 1819, Kingston, OH.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1838, to July 1, 1842, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1842.

Served: as Asst. Engineer in the construction of the Fortifications at Hampton Roads, Va., 1842‑43; at the Military Academy, 1843‑47, as

(Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Apr. 3, 1843)

Asst. Professor of Engineering, Sep. 18, 1843, to Aug. 28, 1844, — Asst. Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Aug. 28, 1844, to Aug. 28, 1845, — Asst. Professor of Engineering, Aug. 28, 1845, to July 1, 1846, — and as Principal Asst. Professor of Engineering, July 1, 1846, to Aug. 31, 1847; and as Superintending Engineer of the Repairs of Ft. Adams, R. I., and re-building its permanent wharf, 1847‑53, — of Surveys of Taunton River and New Bedford Harbor, Mas., 1852‑53, — of Improvement of Providence Harbor, R. I., and Repairs of Goat Island

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1853)

Lighthouse, Newport Harbor, R. I., 1852‑53, — and of Washington Navy Yard, D. C., 1853‑54.

Resigned, Apr. 1, 1854.

Civil History. — Civil Engineer and Architect, Cincinnati, O., 1854‑55. Superintendent of Canal Coal Company, Coal River, Va., 1855‑57. President of Coal River Navigation Company, 1856‑57. Manufacturer of Kerosene Oil, at Cincinnati, O., 1857‑61.

Military History. — Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: as Volunteer Aide-de‑Camp to Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.McClellan, commanding Department of the Ohio, in organizing, drilling, and equipping "Home Guards," Apr. 19 to June 10, 1861; in command of

(Colonel, Staff — Chief Engineer of Ohio, June 9, 1861)

(Colonel, 23d Ohio Volunteers, June 10, 1861)

Camp Chase, O., June 10‑20, 1861, — and of Brigade in Western Virginia

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, May 16, 1861)

Operations, June 23 to July 23, 1861, being engaged in the Combat of Rich Mountain, July 11, 1861; in command of the Department of the Ohio, July 25 to Sep. 21, 1861, — and of the Department of Western Virginia, Sep. 21, 1861, to Apr. 7, 1862, being engaged in the Combat of

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 21, 1862)

Carnifex Ferry, Sep. 10, 1861; in conducting General Blenker's command from Berry's Ferry, by Romney, to Moorfield, Va., Apr. 12 to May 9, 1862; in command of Division (Army of the Mississippi) at the Siege of Corinth, Mis., May 22‑30, 1862; in command of the Army of the Mississippi, June 11 to Oct. 20, 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Iuka, Mis., Sep. 19, 1862, — in command of the District of Corinth, Mis., Sep. 22 to Oct. 20, 1862, — and at the Battle of Corinth, Mis., Oct. 3‑4, 1862; in command of the Army of the Cumberland, Oct. 27, 1862, to Oct. 19, 1863, in the Tennessee Campaign, being engaged in the Battle of Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862, to Jan. 3, 1863, — Advance on Tullahoma, June 24 to July 4,  p116 1863, — Occupation of Bridgeport and Stevenson, July 24, 1863, — Crossing the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, Aug. 15 to Sep. 4, 1863, — Battle of Chickamauga, Sep. 19‑20, 1863, — and Occupation of Chattanooga, which he commenced fortifying, Sep. 21 to Oct. 19, 1863; at Cincinnati, O., awaiting orders, Oct. 30, 1863, to Jan. 28, 1864; in command of the Department of the Missouri, Jan. 28 to Dec. 9, 1864, headquarters, St. Louis, Mo., from which he directed Military Operations, terminating with the Expulsion from the State of the Rebels under General Price; at Cincinnati, O., awaiting orders, Dec. 10, 1864, to May 28, 1865;

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Distinguished Services at the Battle of Stone River, Ten.)

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Jan. 15, 1866)

and on leave of absence, May 28, 1865, to Mar. 28, 1867.

Resigned, Mar. 28, 1867.

Civil History. — United States Envoy and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Republic of Mexico, July 27, 1868, to June 26, 1869. Declined Nomination for Democratic Candidate for Governor of the State of Ohio, 1869. Civil and Mining Engineer, 1869‑81, being engaged in Railroad enterprises in Mexico, at the instance of President Juarez, 1872‑73. President of San José Mining Company, 1871‑81; and of the Safety Powder Company, San Francisco, Cal., 1878‑81. Member of U. S. House of Representatives, Mar. 4, 1881, to Mar. 4, 1885, being Chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs. Register of the U. S. Treasury Department since June 8, 1885. Degree of LL. D. conferred by Georgetown University, D. C., 1889.

Military History. — Re-appointed by Act of Congress of Feb. 27, 1889,

Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, on the Retired List, Mar. 2, 1889.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Civil History. — Retired officer. — Register of the Treasury from 1885 to 1893.

Died, March 10, 1898, near Bernardo Beach, Cal.: Aged 78.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1898, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.

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