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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1842

Vol. II

(Born Ky.)

John Pope​a

(Ap'd Ill.)


Born Mar. 16, 1822, Louisville, KY.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1838, to July 1, 1842, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., Top. Engineers, July 1, 1842.

Served: in Florida, 1842‑44; as Asst. Top. Engineer on the Survey of the Northeast Boundary Line between the United States and the British

(Second Lieut., Top. Engineers, May 9, 1846)

Provinces, 1845‑46; in the War with Mexico, 1846‑48, being engaged in the Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21‑23, 1846, — and Battle of Buena

(Bvt. First Lieut., Sep. 23, 1846,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Several Conflicts at Monterey, Mex.)

Vista, Feb. 22‑23, 1847; on Surveys and Explorations in Minnesota,

(Bvt. Capt., Feb. 23, 1847,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Battle of Buena Vista, Mex.)

1849‑50; as Chief Top. Engineer of the Department of New Mexico, Mar., 1851, to Oct., 1853; in charge of Survey of Pacific Railroad

(First Lieut., Top. Engineers, Mar. 3, 1853)

Route, near the 32d Parallel of Latitude, and making experiments to procure water on the "Llano Estacado," by means of Artesian wells,

(Captain, Top. Engineers, July 1, 1856,
for Fourteen Years' Continuous Service)

1853‑59; and on Light-house duty, 1859‑61.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: as Mustering  p127 Officer at Chicago, Ill., Apr. 15 to July 29, 1861; in command of

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, May 17, 1861)

the District of North Missouri, July 17 to Oct., 1861, — of 2d Division of the Army operating against General Price in Southwest Missouri, Oct. to Dec., 1861, — and of the District of Central Missouri, Dec., 1861, to Feb. 18, 1862, being engaged in the movement to the Black Water, where he captured, Dec. 18, 1861, a large supply of Provisions and numerous Prisoners, and compelled the Retreat of General Price from the Osage River to the Southern Border of Missouri; in command of the Army of the Mississippi in the movement on New Madrid, Mo., terminating in its Occupation, Mar. 14, 1862, — and Capture of Island No. 10, in the

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 21, 1862)

Mississippi River, Apr. 8, 1862; in the Mississippi Campaign, in command of the Army of the Mississippi, being engaged in the Advance upon and Siege of Corinth, Apr. 22 to May 30, 1862, — and Pursuit of Rebels to Baldwin, May 30 to June 10, 1862; in command, June 27 to Sep. 2, 1862,

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, July 14, 1862)

of the Army of Virginia, which was engaged in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Aug. 9, 1862, — Action of Bristoe Station, Aug. 27, 1862, — Combat of Groveton, Aug. 28, 1862, — Battle of Manassas, Aug. 29‑30, 1862, — and Battle of Chantilly, Sep. 1, 1862; in command of the Department of the Northwest, Sep. 7, 1862, to Jan. 30, 1865, — of Military Division of the Missouri, Jan. 30 to June 27, 1865, — and of

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Gallant and Meritorious Services
in the Capture of Island No. 10, on the Mississippi)

the Department of the Missouri, embracing the Northwestern States and Territories, June 27, 1865, to Aug. 6, 1866.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Sep. 1, 1866.

Served: on leave of absence, Oct. 1, 1866, to Apr. 1, 1867; in command of the Third Military District (Georgia, Florida, and Alabama), Apr. 1 to Dec. 28, 1867, — of the Department of the Lakes, Jan. 13, 1868, to Apr. 30, 1870, — of the Department of the Missouri,

(Major-General, U. S. Army, Oct. 26, 1882)

May 3, 1870, to Nov. 1, 1883, — and of the Division of the Pacific and the Department of California to Mar. 16, 1886.

Retired from Active Service, Mar. 16, 1886, he being 64 Years of Age.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Retired officer. — Resided at St. Louis, Mo., from 1886 to 1892.

Died Sep. 23, 1892, at Sandusky, Ohio: Aged 70.

Buried, Bellefontaine Cemetery, St. Louis, MO.

Thayer's Note:

a He was the son of Nathaniel Pope, a key figure in the early days of the Illinois Territory and the State of Illinois.

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Page updated: 15 Feb 13