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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1842

Vol. II

(Born S. C.)

James Longstreet

(Ap'd Ala.)


Born Jan. 8, 1821, Edgefield District, SC.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1838, to July 1, 1842, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1842.

Served: in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1842‑44; on frontier duty at Natchitoches,º La. (Camp Salubrity), 1844‑45; in garrison at Ft.

(Second Lieut., 8th Infantry, Mar. 4, 1845)

 p151  Marion, Fla., 1845; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845‑46; in the War with Mexico, 1846‑47, being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846, — Battle of Resaca-de‑la‑Palma, May 9, 1846, — Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21‑23, 1846, Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9‑29, 1847, — Battle

(First Lieut., 8th Infantry, Feb. 23, 1847)

of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17‑18, 1847, — Capture of San Antonio, Aug. 20,

(Bvt. Capt., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct
in the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex.)

1847, — Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, — Battle of Molino del Rey, Sep. 8, 1847, — and Storming of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847, where he

(Bvt. Major, Sep. 8, 1847,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Battle of Molino del Rey, Mex.)

was severely wounded in the Assault of the fortified convent; as Adjutant, 8th Infantry, June 8, 1847, to July 1, 1849; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1848‑49 on frontier duty at San Antonio, Tex., 1849, — Ft. Lincoln, Tex., 1849, — San Antonio, Tex., as Chief of Commissariat of the Department of Texas, 1849‑51, — Ft. Martin Scott, Tex., 1851‑52, — Scouting, 1852, — Camp Johnston, Tex., 1852, — Ft. Chadbourne, Tex.,

(Captain, 8th Infantry, Dec. 7, 1852, to July 19, 1858)

1852‑53, — Scouting, 1853, — and Ft. Bliss, Tex., 1854, 1855‑58; and as Paymaster, July 19, 1858, to June 1, 1861, — at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan.,

(Major, Staff — Paymaster, July 19, 1858)

1858‑59, — and Albuquerque, N. M., 1859‑61; and on leave of absence, 1861.

Resigned, June 1, 1861.

Joined in the Rebellion of 1861‑66 against the United States.​a

Civil History. — Cotton Factor, 1866‑68. U. S. Surveyor of Customs for the Port of New Orleans, La., 1869‑71. Adjutant-General of the State of Louisiana, 1870. Commissioner of Engineers for Louisiana, 1872‑77. Postmaster at Gainesville, Ga., 1879‑80. U. S. Minister Resident to Turkey, June 14, 1880, to July, 1881. U. S. Marshal of Georgia, 1881‑84. Residence, Gainesville, Ga.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Civil History. — U. S. Railroad Commissioner appointed by President McKinley, Nov. 1, 1897. — Residence, Gainesville, Ga. — Author of Manassas to Appomattox, a history of the civil war, "so far as it came under my immediate observation."

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Civil History. — U. S. Railroad Commissioner till his death, — residence, Gainesville, Ga.

Died, Jan. 2, 1904, at Gainesville, Ga.: Aged 83.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1904, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Alta Vista Cemetery, Gainesville, GA.

Thayer's Note:

a As with other Confederate officers, Cullum's Register omits his war record: he was a high-level commanding general; and — the two are not by any means synonymous — his contribution to the war effort was outstanding. The deficiency in the Register is repaired by many websites; and, as might be expected, he, his troops, and his memoirs are mentioned more than 1500 times in Freeman's R. E. Lee (q.v.).

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