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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1844

Vol. II

(Born Pa.)

Alexander Hays

(Ap'd Pa.)


Born July 8, 1819, Franklin, PA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1840, to July 1, 1844, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1844.

Served: on frontier duty at Natchitochesº (Camp Salubrity), La., 1844‑45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845‑46; in the War

(Second Lieut., 8th Infantry, June 18, 1846)

with Mexico, 1846, being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846, — Battle of Resaca-de‑la‑Palma, May 9, 1846; on Recruiting

(Bvt. First Lieut., May 9, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct
in the Battles of Palo Alto and Resaca-de‑la‑Palma, Tex.)

service, 1846‑47; and in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48, being engaged in Defense of Convoy (from Vera Cruz) at Paso de las Ovejas, Sep. 12, 1847, — Combat of Huamantla, Oct. 29, 1847, — Action of Atlixco, Oct. 19, 1847, — Skirmish at Tlaxcala, Oct. 29, 1847, — Skirmish at Matamoras, Nov. 23, 1847, — Skirmish at Galaxara, Nov. 24, 1847, — and Action of Sequaltiplan, Feb. 25, 1848.

Resigned, Apr. 12, 1848.

Civil History. — Iron Manufacturer, Venango County, Pa., 1848‑50. Asst. Engineer, Pittsburg, Pa., and Steubenville, O., Railroad, 1850‑52, — and of Allegheny Valley Railroad, 1852‑54. Civil Engineer, etc., Pittsburg, Pa., 1854‑61.

Military History. — Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑64: in Organizing his Regiment, Apr. to Aug., 1861; in the

(Major, 12th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Apr., 1861)

(Captain, 16th U. S. Infantry, May 14, 1861)

Defenses of Washington, D. C., Aug., 1861, to Mar., 1862; in the Virginia

(Colonel, 63d Pennsylvania Volunteers, Aug. 25, 1861)

Peninsular Campaign (Army of the Potomac), May to Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5 to May 4, 1862, — Battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, — Battle of Fair Oaks, May 31-June 1, 1862, — Battle of Peach Orchard, June 29, 1862, — Battle of Glendale,

(Bvt. Major, June 30, 1862, for Gallant and Meritorious Services
at the Battles of Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard, and Glendale, Va.)

June 30, 1862, — and Battle of Malvern Hill, July 1, 1862; in the Northern

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., July 1, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Malvern Hill, Va.)

Virginia Campaign, Aug. to Sep., 1862, being engaged in the Action of Bristoe Station, Aug. 27, 1862, — and Battle of Manassas, Aug. 29‑30, 1862, where he was severely wounded; on sick leave of absence, disabled by wound, Aug. 30 to Sep. 29, 1862; in the Defenses of Washington,

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Sep. 29, 1862)

Sep. 29, 1862, to June 28, 1863; in the Pennsylvania Campaign, in command of Division (Army of the Potomac), June to July, 1863, being engaged

(Bvt. Colonel, July 2, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Gettysburg, Pa.)

in the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1‑3, 1863, — and Pursuit of the enemy to Warrenton, Va., July, 1863; in the Rapidan Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Oct. to Dec., 1863, being engaged in the Action of Auburn, Oct. 14, 1863, — Combat of Bristoe Station, Oct. 14, 1863, — and Mine Run Operations, Nov. 26 to Dec. 3, 1863; and in the Richmond Campaign (Army of the Potomac), May 4‑5, 1864, being engaged in the Battle of the Wilderness, where he was

Killed, May 5, 1864: Aged 44.

Buried, Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburg, PA.

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Page updated: 15 Feb 13