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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1846

Vol. II

(Born N. Y.)

George Stoneman

(Ap'd N. Y.)


Born Aug. 22, 1822, Busti, NY.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1842, to July 1, 1846, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 1st Dragoons, July 1, 1846.

Served: in the War with Mexico, 1846‑48, on the March from Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., to San Diego, Cal., being engaged as Acting Asst. Quartermaster of Mormon Battalion, Oct. 1, 1846, to Feb. 1, 1847, —

(Second Lieut., 1st Dragoons, July 12, 1847)

and in several Skirmishes with hostile Indians; on frontier duty at the Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., 1848‑49, — Sonoma, Cal., 1849‑50, — Scout to the Sierra Nevada, 1850, being engaged in Skirmishes at Clear Lake and Russian River, Cal., — Sonoma, Cal., 1850‑51, — Scouting, 1851, against Coquille Indians, — Gila Expedition, 1851‑52, being engaged in several Skirmishes with Yuma Indians, — Benicia, Cal., 1852, — Ft. Orford, Or., 1852, — and Escorting Lieutenant Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Williamson's topographical party, in Sierra Nevada, and Lieutenant Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Parke's railroad surveying party through Arizona and Texas, 1853‑54; as Aide-de‑Camp to

(First Lieut., 1st Dragoons, July 25, 1854)

 p281  Bvt. Maj.‑General Wool, Jan. 4 to May 2, 1855; as Adjutant, 1st Dragoons, Oct. 22, 1854, to Mar. 3, 1855; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks,

(Captain, 2d Cavalry, Mar. 3, 1855)

Mo., 1855; on frontier duty, at Camp Cooper, Tex., 1855‑58; on leave of absence in Europe, 1858‑59; on frontier duty, in command of Pecos Expedition, 1859, — March to Ft. Brown, Tex., 1859, — Operations on the Rio Grande, against Cortinas' marauders, 1859‑60, being engaged in the Combats near Ft. Brown, Tex., of Dec. 14 and 21, 1859, — and at Ft. Brown, Tex., 1860‑61; and in garrison at the Cavalry School for Practice, Carlisle, Pa., 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., May‑June, 1861, being in command of

(Major, 1st Cavalry, May 9, 1861)

the Cavalry Advance across Long Bridge, for the Capture of Alexandria, Va., May 24, 1861; on the Staff of Major-General McClellan, in Western Virginia Operations, June 20 to Aug. 13, 1861; as Chief

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 13, 1861)

of Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, Aug. 14, 1861, to Mar. 10, 1862, being engaged in Cavalry reconnoissances towards the Rappahannock and Gordonsville, Va., Feb.‑Mar., 1862; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, as Chief of Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, Mar. to Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5 to May 4, 1862, — Action of Williamsburg, May 4, 1862, — in command of Advance Guard in the movement towards Richmond, May 7‑30, 1862, participating in Skirmishes at Slatersville, May 9, at White House, May 13‑14, at New Bridge, May 23, and at Mechanicsville, May 27, 1862, — and in the Cavalry Operations of the Seven Days' Battles during the change of base to the James River, June 26-July 2, 1862; in command of 1st Division, 3d Corps, Sep. 10 to Nov. 15, 1862, and of 3d Corps (Army of the Potomac), Nov. 15, 1862, to Apr. 15, 1863; in the Rappahannock

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, Nov. 29, 1862)

Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Dec., 1862, to June, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862 (commanding

(Bvt. Colonel, Dec. 13, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.)

3d Corps), and on Raid towards Richmond, Apr. 13 to May 2, 1863 (commanding Cavalry Corps); on sick leave of absence, June 10 to July 20, 1863; as Chief of the Cavalry Bureau at Washington, D. C., July 28, 1863, to Jan. 29, 1864; in command of 23d Army Corps, Jan. 28 to Apr. 4, 1864; in command of Cavalry Corps, Department of the Ohio,

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 3d Cavalry, Mar. 30, 1864)

Apr. 4 to July 31, 1864, being engaged in the Cavalry Operations of the Atlanta Campaign, Ga., May 10, 1864, to July 31, 1864, when he was Captured at Clinton, Ga., while he was on a Raid to Andersonville to release our troops there confined; as Prisoner of War, July 31 to Oct. 27, 1864; in temporary command of the Department of the Ohio, Nov., 1864; in command of Raid to Southwestern Virginia, Dec. 1, 1864, to Jan. 1, 1865, being engaged in the Actions of Kingsport, Dec. 14, Bristol, Dec. 15, Wytheville, Dec. 17, and Marion, Dec. 19, 1864, — and Capture of Saltville, Dec. 21, 1864; in command of the District of East Tennessee, Feb. 14 to Mar. 20, 1865; and in command of Expedition from Knoxville, Ten., to Asheville, N. C., Mar. 20 to Apr. 20, 1865, being engaged

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Capture of Charlotte, N. C.)

in Skirmish at Wytheville, Va., Apr. 3, 1865, — Destruction of Lynchburg  p282 and Bristol Railroad, Apr. 3‑7, 1865, — Capture of Salisbury, N. C.,

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Field during the Rebellion)

Apr. 12, 1865, — Destruction of North Carolina Central Railroad, Apr. 12‑20, 1865, — and Capture of the garrison at Asheville, N. C., Apr. 20, 1865.

Served: in command of the Department of Tennessee, June 27, 1865, to June 5, 1866, — Department of the Cumberland, June 9 to Aug. 13,

(Colonel, 21st Infantry, July 28, 1866)

1866, — and District of the Cumberland, Aug. 13‑31, 1866; awaiting orders, Sep. 1 to Oct. 25, 1866, — in command of District of Petersburg,

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Sep. 1, 1866)

Va., Dec. 17, 1866, to June 1, 1868, — of First Military District, June 2, 1868, to Mar. 31, 1869, — of Regiment to June 4, 1871, — of District of Arizona, Aug. 16, 1869, to May, 1870, — and of Department of Arizona, May 3, 1870, to June 4, 1871; awaiting orders and the action of the Retiring Board, June 4 to Aug. 16, 1871.

Retired from Active Service, Aug. 16, 1871,
for Disability contracted in the Line of Duty.

Resigned, Sep. 15, 1882.

Civil History. — Railroad Commissioner of the State of California, to Nov. 15, 1882. Member of Board of Commissioners for Indian Affairs, 18–––. Governor of the State of California, Jan. 10, 1883, to Jan. 10, 1887.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. —

Colonel of Infantry, Feb. 9, 1891

— by act of Congress, Dec. 15, 1890.

Retired, Feb. 24, 1891.

Died, Sep. 5, 1894, at Buffalo, N. Y.: Aged 72.

See Annual Association of Graduates U. S. M. A., 1895, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Bentley Cemetery, Lakewood, NY.

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