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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1846

Vol. II

(Born Mas.)

Nelson H. Davis

(Ap'd Mas.)


Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1841, to July 1, 1846, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1846.

Served: in the War with Mexico, 1846‑48, being engaged in the Siege

(Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, Feb. 16, 1847)

of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9‑29, 1847, — Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17‑18, 1847, — Skirmish of Ocalaca, Aug. 16, 1847, — Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19‑20, 1847, — Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, — and Assault

(Bvt. First Lieut., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct
in the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex.)

and Capture of the City of Mexico, Sep. 13‑14, 1847; in garrison at East Pascagoula, Mis., Jefferson Barracks, Mo., and Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1848; on voyage to California, 1848‑49; on frontier duty at Monterey,

(First Lieut., 2d Infantry, June 8, 1849)

Cal., 1849, — and Bear Creek, Cal. (Camp Far West), 1849‑50; in the Expedition to the Sierra Nevada, being engaged in Actions on Clear Lake and Russian River, and Skirmishes on Pitt River, 1850; on frontier duty at Camp Far West, Cal., 1851‑52, — Ft. Reading, Cal., 1852‑53, — Rogue River Expedition, 1853, — and at Ft. Reading, Cal., 1853‑54; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1854, — and Detroit, Mich., 1854; on Recruiting service, 1854‑55; and on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth,

(Captain, 2d Infantry, Mar. 3, 1855)

 p299  Kan., 1855‑56, — Ft. Pierre, Dak., 1856, — Ft. Randall, Dak., 1856‑57, — Scouting, 1857, — Ft. Ridgely, Min., 1857‑58, — March to the Red River of the North, 1858, — Ft. Abercrombie, Dak., 1858‑59, — Ft. Ripley, Min., 1859‑60, — Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1860‑61, — and Ft. Ripley, Min., 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: on the Upper Potomac, June to July, 1861; in the Manassas Campaign of July, 1861, being engaged in the Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21, 1861; on Provost duty at Washington, D. C., July to Sep., 1861; in the Defenses of

(Colonel, 7th Massachusetts Volunteers, Sep. 4 to Nov. 12, 1861)

Washington, D. C., Sep. to Nov., 1861; on Inspection duty with Army of the Potomac, Nov., 1861, to Apr., 1862, and was engaged in a Skirmish

(Major, Staff — Asst. Inspector-General, Nov. 12, 1861)

near Warrenton Junction, Va.; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, Apr. to Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5 to May 4, 1862, — Battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, — Skirmishes on the Chickahominy, May, 1862, — Battle of Fair Oaks, May 31 to June 1, 1862, — Battle of White Oak Swamp, June 28, 1862, — Battle of Glendale, June 30, 1862, — Battle of Malvern Hill, July 1, 1862, — and Skirmish of Harrison's Landing, July 2, 1862; on Inspection of the Defenses of Washington, south of the Potomac, Sep., 1862; in the Maryland Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Sep., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of South Mountain, Sep. 14, 1862, — and Battle of Antietam, Sep. 17, 1862; on Special duty, making investigations, Oct. to Nov., 1862; on Inspection duty at Nashville, Ten., Dec., 1862, to Mar., 1863; in the Rappahannock Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Mar. to May, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863; in the Pennsylvania Campaign (Army of the Potomac), June to July, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1‑3, 1863, — and Skirmish near

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., July 3, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Gettysburg, Pa.)

Hagerstown, July 8, 1863; and in the Department of New Mexico, Nov., 1863, to June 27, 1865, making inspections, special investigations,

(Bvt. Colonel, May 29, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in Action with the Apache Indians, Arizona)

explorations of country, locating military posts, scouting against Indians, etc., and was engaged in several Skirmishes.

Colonel, Staff — Inspector-General, Mar. 23, 1864.

Served: in the District of New Mexico, June 27, 1865, to Aug. 31, 1867, — and at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., Sep., 1867; on leave of absence, Oct. 1, 1867, to July 29, 1868; as Inspector-General of the District of New Mexico, Oct. 19 to Nov. 28, 1868, — and of the Department of Missouri, Dec. 29, 1868, to Nov., 1872; on leave of absence, Jan. 1 to July 7, 1871; on tour of Inspection, under orders of the Secretary of War, to May 29, 1876; as Inspector-General of the Division of the Atlantic, June 9, 1876, to June 22, 1881, — and of the Division of the Missouri,

(Brigadier-General, Staff — Inspector-General, Mar. 11, 1885)

to Mar. 10, 1885; and in charge of the Inspector-General's Department, to Sep. 20, 1885.

Retired from Active Service, Sep. 20, 1885, he being 64 Years of Age.

Died, May 15, 1890, at Governor's Island, N. Y.: Aged 69.

Obituary Order.

On the death of General Davis the War Department announced his death in theº following order:

"It is with deep regret that the Secretary of War announces the death of Brigadier-General Nelson H. Davis, U. S. Army (retired), late Inspector-General of the Army, which could at Governor's Island, New York harbor, on the 15th instant.

"The long and active service of General Davis, covering a period of nearly forty years, was throughout characterized by a conscientious fidelity in the performance of duty and strict integrity.

"Nelson H. Davis was graduated from the Military Academy and appointed brevet Second Lieutenant, 3d Infantry, July 1, 1846. He served in the Mexican War, participating in the Siege of Vera Cruz, the Battles of Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Churubusco, and the Capture of the City of Mexico, and was brevetted First Lieutenant 'for gallant and meritorious conduct at the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco.' Promoted Second Lieutenant, 2d Infantry, Feb. 16, 1847; First Lieutenant, June 8, 1849; and Captain, Mar. 3, 1855. He served on the Western frontiers and in California from the close of the Mexican War until the spring of 1861, taking part in the Expedition to the Sierra Nevada in 1850, and in the Rogue River Expedition in 1853.

"During the Rebellion he served in the Army of the Potomac and held the appointment of Colonel of the 7th Massachusetts Volunteers from Sept. 4 to Nov. 12, 1861, when he was appointed Major and Assistant Inspector-General, U. S. Army. He participated in the various campaigns of that Army until after the Battle of Gettysburg, for which he received the brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel for gallant and meritorious service, when he was assigned to duty in New Mexico, where he was engaged making inspections, locating military posts, etc., and in several actions with Indians, receiving the brevet of Colonel, May 29, 1864, for gallant and meritorious services in Action with Apache Indians; was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel, June 13, 1867, and Colonel, June 25, 1872, to rank from Mar. 23, 1864; Inspector-General, Division of the Atlantic, from June 9, 1876, to June 22, 1881, and of the Division of the Missouri, to Mar. 10, 1885. He was appointed Brigadier-General and Inspector-General, Mar. 11, 1885, and retired, by operation of law, Sep. 20, 1885."

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Page updated: 18 Feb 14