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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1848

Vol. II

(Born Va.)

John C. Tidball

(Ap'd O.)


Born Jan. 25, 1825, near Wheeling, WV.​a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1844, to July 1, 1848, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1848.

Served: in garrison at Ft. Adams, R. I., 1849; in Florida Hostilities

(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, Feb. 14, 1849)

against the Seminole Indians, 1849‑50; in garrison at Ft. Moultrie, S. C., 1850‑51, 1851‑52, — Castle Pinckney, S. C., 1852‑53, — Ft. Moultrie, S. C., 1853; on frontier duty at Ft. Defiance, N. M., 1853, — and in Exploring

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, Mar. 31, 1853)

route to California, 1853‑54;​b on Coast Survey, Sep. 6, 1854, to Sep. 20, 1859; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1859; on Harper's Ferry expedition to suppress John Brown's Raid, 1859; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1859‑60; on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1860‑61; and in garrison at Washington, D. C., 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in the Defense of Ft. Pickens, Fla., Apr. 19 to July 3, 1861; in the Defenses

(Captain, 12th Infantry, May 14, 1861: Declined)

(Captain, 2d Artillery, May 14, 1861)

of Washington, D. C., July 18, 1861; in command of a Battery in the Manassas Campaign of July, 1861, being engaged in the Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861; in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., July 23, 1861, to Mar. 10, 1862; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Mar. to Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5 to May 4, 1862, — Battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, — Action at New Bridge, May 23, 1862, — Action at Mechanicsville, May 27, 1862, — Battle of Gaines's Mill, June 27, 1862, — Battle of Malvern Hill,

(Bvt. Major, June 27, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Gaines's Mill, Va.)

July 1, 1862, — and Skirmish of Harrison's Landing, July 2, 1862; in the Maryland Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Sep. to Nov., 1862, being engaged in the Skirmish at Boonsborough, Sep. 15, 1862, — Battle of Antietam, Sep. 17, 1862, — Skirmish at Shepardstown, Sep. 19, 1862, —

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., Sep. 17, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Antietam, Md.)

 p351  and March to Falmouth, Va., Oct. to Nov., 1862, being engaged in the Skirmishes of Upperville, Markham, and Amisville, Nov., 1862; on leave of absence, Dec. 31, 1862, to Mar. 3, 1863; in the Rappahannock Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Mar. to May, 1863, being engaged in Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Stoneman's Raid toward Richmond, Apr. 13 to May 2, 1863, skirmishing at Rappahannock and Rapidan Stations, and at Ely's Ford, — and Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2‑4, 1863; in the Pennsylvania Campaign (Army of the Potomac), June to July, 1863, in command of 2d Brigade Horse Artillery, being engaged in the Skirmishes of Aldie and Upperville, Va., June, 1863, — Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1‑3, 1863, — and Pursuit of the enemy to Warrenton, July, 1863; in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., Aug., 1863, to Mar., 1864; in command of the Artillery of the

(Colonel, 4th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery, Aug. 28, 1863)

2d Corps (Army of the Potomac), in the Richmond Campaign, Apr. 1 to July 3, 1864, — being engaged in the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5‑6, 1864, — Battles around Spottsylvania, May 9‑20, 1864, — Battle of the North Anna, May 23, 1864, — Battle of Tolopotomy, May 30, 1864, — Battles of Cold Harbor, June 3‑5, 1864, — Crossing James River and March to Petersburg, June 15‑18, 1864, — and Siege of Petersburg, June 18 to July 4, 1864; at the Military Academy, as Commandant of Cadets and Instructor of Artillery, Infantry, and Cavalry Tactics, July 10

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 1, 1864,
for Gallant and Distinguished Services in the Battles of the Po, Spottsylvania C. H., and during the Operations before Richmond, Va.)

to Sep. 22, 1864; and in command of the Artillery of 9th Corps (Army of the Potomac), Oct. 9, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865, being engaged in the Siege of Petersburg, Oct. 9, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865, including the Repulse

(Bvt. Colonel, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebel Attack on Ft. Steadman, Va.)

(Bvt. Brig‑General, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

of the Attack on Ft. Steadman, Mar. 25, and Assault from Ft. Sedgwick

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, Apr. 2, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at Fts. Steadman and Sedgwick, Va.)

upon the Rebel Works, Apr. 1, 1865, — Pursuit of the Rebel Army, terminating in the Capitulation of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.R. E. Lee at Appomattox C. H., Apr. 9, 1865, — and March to and in the vicinity of Washington, D. C., Apr. to June, 1865.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Sep. 30, 1865.

Served: in command of Company at the Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., Dec., 1865, to Apr. 4, 1867; of the District of Astoria, headquarters

(Major, 2d Artillery, Feb. 5, 1867)

Ft. Stevens, Or., Aug. 28, 1867, to July, 1868, — of District of Kenai, headquarters Kadiak, Alas., Sep., 1868, to Oct. 7, 1869, and May to Sep., 1870; on leave of absence, Oct. 7, 1869, to Mar., 1870; in command of District of Alaska, headquarters Sitka, Sep. 23, 1870, to Sep. 20, 1871, — of Depot Guard, at Yerba Buena Island, Cal., Nov. 1, 1871, to Nov. 1, 1872, — and of post of Raleigh, N. C., Nov. 16, 1872, to Apr. 29, 1874; Superintendent of Artillery Instruction in the Ft. Monroe, Va., Artillery School for Practice, May 1, 1874, to Jan. 1, 1881;

(Colonel, Staff — Aide-de‑Camp to the General-in‑Chief,
Jan. 1, 1881, to Feb. 8, 1884)

Aide-de‑Camp to the General-in‑Chief, Jan., 1881, to July 8, 1884; in

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 3d Artillery, June 30, 1882)

(Transferred to 1st Artillery, Nov. 10, 1882)

(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Jan. 25, 1884)

command of the Artillery School for Practice and post of Ft. Monroe, Va., Nov. 5, 1883, to Nov. 4, 1888.

Colonel, 1st Artillery, Mar. 22, 1885.

Retired from Active Service, Jan. 25, 1889, he Being 64 Years of Age.

Civil History. — Author of "A Manual of Heavy Artillery Service," 1880.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

(John Caldwell Tidball)

Military History. — Retired officer.

Civil History. — Author of A Manual of Heavy Artillery Service, officially adopted for the use of the Army and Militia of the United States, and as a text-book at the United States Military Academy, 1880, and of various professional papers. — Post-office address, Morristown, N. J.

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Retired officer. — Residence, Montclair, N. J.

Died May 15, 1906, at Montclair, N. J.: Aged 81.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1908, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Thayer's Notes:

a Gen. Tidball's birthplace is from The Papers of John C. Tidball at Gettysburg College.

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b This 1853‑54 expedition to California was headed by Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Amiel Weeks Whipple; Lt. Tidball left Fort Defiance in November 1853 with an escort to join the expedition on the last half of its course (the party waited for them with some eagerness) and after that, he is mentioned from time to time in Whipple's journal; the last we read of him there he is on his way to San Bernardino.

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Page updated: 10 Apr 20