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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1849

Vol. II

(Born Mas.)

Rufus Saxton

(Ap'd Mas.)


Born Oct. 19, 1824, Greenfield, MA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1845, to July 1, 1849, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1849.

Served: in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 1849‑50;

(Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, Sep. 12, 1850)

on frontier duty at Ft. Brown, Tex., 1850‑52, — on Northern Pacific Railroad Exploration and Survey, Apr. 14, 1853, to May 17, 1854; in garrison at Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1854, — Ft. Ontario, N. Y., 1854‑55, — and Ft.

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Mar. 2, 1855, to May 13, 1861)

Independence, Mas., 1855; on Coast Survey, Dec. 21, 1855, to May 2, 1859; at the Military Academy as Asst. Instructor of Artillery Tactics, June 14, 1859, to Sep. 11, 1860; and on professional duty in Europe, 1860‑61.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in command of detachment of Artillery at St. Louis Arsenal, Mo., Feb. to June, 1861, being engaged in breaking up the assemblage of Secessionists at Camp Jackson, May 10, 1861; as Chief Quartermaster on the Staff of

(Captain, Staff — Asst. Quartermaster, May 13, 1861)

General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Lyon, in Military Operations in Missouri, June to July, 1861, — on the Staff of Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.McClellan, in Western Virginia Campaign, July, 1861, — of Expeditionary Corps to Port Royal, S. C., Sep. to Nov., 1861, — and of the Department of the South, Nov., 1861, to Apr., 1862;

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Apr. 15, 1862)

in command of the Defenses of Harper's Ferry, Va., May to June, 1862; as Military Governor of the Department of the South, July, 1862, to Jan. 16, 1865, being charged with the Organization and Recruiting of Colored troops, Aug., 1862, to Jan., 1865; in command of the District of Beaufort, S. C., Feb., 1863, to Jan., 1865; and as Commissioner of Military Reservations, etc., Nov., 1863, to Jan., 1865; as Inspector of Settlements

(Bvt. Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, Jan. 12, 1865)

and Plantations, Department of the South, Jan. 16 to May 18, 1865, — and Superintendent of Volunteer Recruiting service, Feb. 14 to May 18, 1865; as Asst. Commissioner of Bureau of Refugees, Freedman,

(Bvt. Major, Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., Bvt. Colonel, and Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army,
Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

and Abandoned Lands, for the States of South Carolina and Georgia, May 18, 1865, and of Florida, June 8, 1865, to Jan. 9, 1866; on General Inspecting duty in Freedmen's Bureau, Jan. 9‑28, 1866; in settling

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Jan. 15, 1866)

accounts in Washington, D. C., Feb. 23 to Apr. 10, 1866; and on leave of absence, Apr. 10 to Jan. 25, 1866.​a1

Served: as Chief Quartermaster on Northern Frontier, June 25, 1866,​a2 to Apr. 11, 1867, — and of the Third Military District (Georgia, Florida,

(Major, Staff — Quartermaster, July 29, 1866)

and Alabama), Apr. 11, 1867, to July 31, 1868, — of the Department of the South, Aug. 1, 1868, to Mar. 18, 1869, — of the Department of Columbia, May 2, 1869, to May 28, 1873, — of the Department of the Lakes,

(Lieut.‑Colonel, Staff — Dep. Quartermaster-General, June 6, 1872)

June 23, 1873, to May 19, 1874, — of the Fourth Quartermaster's District, Division of the Atlantic, Buffalo, N. Y., May 19, 1874, to Feb. 13, 1875,  p386 — in charge of the Philadelphia Depot of the Quartermaster's Department, Feb. 27 to July 17, 1875, — of the Department of the Missouri, Aug. 23, 1875, to Oct. 21, 1879, — of the Division of the Pacific and Department

(Colonel, Staff — Asst. Quartermaster-General, Mar. 10, 1882)

of California, Oct. 31, 1879, to Aug. 11, 1883; in charge of the Quartermaster's Depot at Jeffersonville, Ind.,º to Jan. 25, 1888; and in settling his accounts at Washington, D. C., to Oct. 19, 1888.

Retired from Active Service, Oct. 19, 1888, he being 64 Years of Age.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Retired officer. — in 1893 received a

Medal of Honor

for distinguished gallantry and good conduct in the defense of Harper's Ferry in 1862 while serving as brigadier-general of volunteers.

— Residence, Washington, D. C.

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Retired officer. — Residence, Washington, D. C.

Died Feb. 23, 1908, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 83.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1908, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Thayer's Note:

a1 a2 The printed text has the impossible

"Apr. 10 to Jan. 25, 1866"


"June 25, 1866, to Apr. 11, 1867"

The simpler correction, and probably the right one, is

"Apr. 10 to June 25, 1866"


"June 25, 1866, to Apr. 11, 1867"


"Apr. 10, 1866 to Jan. 25, 1867"


"Jan. 25 to Apr. 11, 1867"

though involving multiple corrections, is also possible; I don't know which is right, and there is an off chance of something entirely different, of course.

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Page updated: 19 Jan 15