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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1851

Vol. II

(Born Pa.)

James St. C. Morton

(Ap'd Pa.)


James St. Clair Morton: Born Sep. 24, 1828.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, Sep. 1, 1847, to July 1, 1851, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1851.

Served: as Asst. Engineer in the construction of the Defenses of Charleston harbor, S. C., 1851‑52, — in building Ft. Delaware, Pea Patch Island, Del., 1852‑55; at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of

(Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Apr. 1, 1854)

Engineering, Sep. 1, 1855, to June 16, 1857; as Asst. Engineer in Operations

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1856)

preliminary to construction of Sandy Hook Fort, N. J., 1857‑58; as Light-house Engineer of 3d District, from Gooseberry Point, Mas., to Squam Inlet, N. J., 1858‑59; in charge of Potomac Water Works, 1859‑60; as Engineer of the "Chiriqui Expedition," Central America, 1860; in charge of Washington Aqueduct, 1860‑61; and as Superintending

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Aug. 6, 1861)

Engineer of the construction of Ft. Jefferson, Tortugas, Fla., 1861‑62, — and of repairs of Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1862.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑64: as Chief Engineer of the Army of the Ohio, June 9 to Oct. 27, 1862, during Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Buell's Operations in North Alabama, — Pursuit of Rebel Army under General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Bragg to Louisville, Ky., — and Advance through Kentucky to the relief of Nashville, Ten.; as Chief Engineer of the Army of the Cumberland, Oct. 27, 1862, to Aug. 22, 1863, and Sep. 17 to Nov. 14, 1863, and in command of Pioneer Brigade, attached to 14th Corps (Army of the Cumberland), Nov. 3, 1862, to Nov. 7, 1863; in the Tennessee

(Brig‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Nov. 29, 1862)

Campaign, Nov., 1862, to Jan., 1863, being engaged in the Battle of

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Colonel, Jan. 2, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Stone River, Ten.)

Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862, to Jan. 3, 1863; in fortifying Nashville and Murfreesborough, Ten., Jan. to June, 1863; in the Tennessee Campaign, June to Nov., 1863, being engaged in the Advance on Tullahoma, June 24 to July 4, 1863, — crossing the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee

(Major, Corps of Engineers, July 3, 1863)

River, Aug. 15 to Sep. 4, 1863, — Battle of Chickamauga, Sep. 19 to 20,

(Bvt. Colonel, Sep. 20, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Chickamauga, Ga.)

1863, where he was wounded, — and fortifying Chattanooga, Sep. to Nov., 1863; as Superintending Engineer of the Defenses of Nashville, Murfreesborough,

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Nov. 7, 1863)

Clarksville, and Ft. Donelson, Nov. 14, 1863, to Jan. 30, 1864; as Assistant to the Chief Engineer at Washington, D. C., Jan. 30 to  p438 May 16, 1864; and as Chief Engineer of 9th Army Corps in the Richmond Campaign, May 18 to June 17, 1864, being engaged in the Battle of North Anna, May 24, 1864, — Battle of Tolopotomy, May 28‑29, 1864, — Battle of Bethesda Church, May 30, 1864, — and Assault of

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, June 17, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Assault of Petersburg, Va.,
where he was Killed)

Petersburg, Va., where, while leading the attack, he was

Killed, June 17, 1864: Aged 35.

Civil History. — Author of a "Memoir on Fortification," 1858, Memoir on the Dangers and Defenses of New York City," 1858; "American Fortification," 1859; and "Life and Services of Major Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.John Sanders, of the Engineers," 1860.

Buried, Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia, PA.

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Page updated: 20 Feb 14