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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1851

Vol. II

(Born Pa.)

Alexander Piper

(Ap'd Pa.)


Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1847, to July 1, 1851, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1851.

Served: in garrison at Ft. Independence, Mas., 1851‑52, — Ft. Adams,

(Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, Dec. 12, 1851)

R. I., 1852‑53, — and Ft. Snelling, Min., 1853; at the Military Academy as Asst. Professor of Geography, History, and Ethics, Aug. 29, 1853, to Apr. 14, 1854; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1854; on frontier duty at Ft. Yuma, Cal., 1854‑55, — Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1855, — Ft. Dalles,

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Jan. 31, 1855)

Or., 1855, — Indian Hostilities, in Wash. Ter., 1855‑56, being engaged in a Skirmish at the Cascades, Wash., Mar. 28, 1856, — Ft. Walla-Walla, Wash., 1856‑57, — Ft. Umpqua, Or., 1857‑59, 1859‑60, — and on Expedition to Upper Klamath Lake, Or., 1860.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in Defense

(Captain, 18th Infantry, May 14, 1861: Declined)

(Captain, 3d Artillery, May 14, 1861)

of Washington, D. C., June‑July, 1861; in the Manassas Campaign of July, 1861, as Acting Asst. Adjutant-General of Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Sherman's Brigade, being engaged in the Action of Blackburn's Ford, July 18, 1861, — and Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861; in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., July to Sep., 1861; at the Military Academy as Principal Asst. Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology, Sep. 11, 1861, to June 16, 1862; as Chief of Artillery of the Army commanded  p440 by Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Pope, in the Northern Virginia Campaign, July 21 to

(Bvt. Major, Aug. 30, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Campaign in Northern Virginia)

Sep. 3, 1862; as Asst. Inspector of Artillery at Washington, D. C., Sep., 1862, to Jan., 1863; in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., Jan.,

(Colonel, 10th New York Artillery Volunteers, Jan. 7, 1863)

1863, to May, 1864; in the Richmond Campaign, June to Dec., 1864, being engaged in the Assault on Petersburg, June 16, 1864, — Siege of Petersburg

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., June 15, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Siege of Petersburg, Va.)

and Richmond, June to Dec. 1864, being Chief of Artillery of 18th Army Corps, July 23 to Nov. 10, 1864; and as Chief of Artillery of Middle Military Division, Dec., 1864, to July, 1865.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, July 6, 1865.

Served: as Principal Assistant Instructor of Artillery Tactics at the Military Academy, July 24, 1865, to Aug. 28, 1872; on leave of absence in Europe, Aug. 26, 1872, to Nov. 30, 1873; in command of company at

(Major, 4th Artillery, Dec. 20, 1875)

Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., to June 24, 1876; on leave of absence, June to Sep., 1876; at the Military Academy, as Principal Instructor of Artillery Tactics, Sep. 5, 1876, to Aug. 28, 1881; on leave of absence to Feb. 27, 1882; in command of Ft. Trumbull, Ct., to Nov. 29, 1882, — and of

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 1st Artillery, Nov. 8, 1882)

(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Nov. 10, 1882)

regiment and St. Francis Barracks, Fla., Dec. 25, 1882, to Jan. 10, 1884;

(Transferred to 1st Artillery, Jan. 25, 1884)

on duty at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., Apr. 8, 1884, to Mar. 22, 1885; and in command of regiment and Presidio of San Francisco, Cal.,

(Colonel, 5th Artillery, Aug. 10, 1887)

to Aug. 24, 1887, — and of Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., Oct. 25, 1887, to –––––.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Served in command of Fort Hamilton, N. Y., to May 1, 1890.

Retired from Active Service, at his own request, after 40 Years' Service, July 1, 1891.

— Residence, New York City.

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Retired officer. — Residence, New York, N. Y.

Died Feb. 22, 1902, at New York, N. Y.: Aged 73.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1903, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

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