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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1854

Vol. II

(Born N. Y.)

John R. Smead​1

(Ap'd at Large)


John Radcliff Smead: Born Nov. 4, 1830.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1850, to July 1, 1854, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1854.

Served: in garrison at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 1854‑55; on frontier duty at Ft. Massachusetts, Col., 1855‑56, — Santa Fé, N. M., 1856, — Ft. Stanton, N. M., 1856‑57, — and on Gila Expedition against Apache Indians, 1857; at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Natural

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, Mar. 3, 1857)

and Experimental Philosophy, Nov. 21, 1857, to Jan. 13, 1859; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1859; and on Coast Survey, May 19, 1859, to July 20, 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑62: in command of a Company of District of Columbia Volunteers, in Defense of Washington, D. C., Apr. to July, 1861; on Regimental Recruiting service,

(Captain, 5th Artillery, May 14, 1861)

Aug. 3 to Sep. 1, 1861; in Organizing his Battery at Harrisburg, Pa., Sep. 1 to Nov. 20, 1861; in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., Nov., 1861, to Mar., 1862; in command of Battery attached to the Artillery Reserve in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Mar. to Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5 to May 4, 1862, — Battle of Mechanicsville, June 26, 1862, — Battle of Gaines's Mill, June 27, 1862, — and Battle of Glendale, June 30, 1862; and in the Northern Virginia Campaign, Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Manassas, Aug. 29‑30, 1862.

Killed, Aug. 30, 1862, at the Battle of Manassas, Va.: Aged 32.

Buried, Ashland Cemetery, Carlisle, PA.

The Author's Note:

1 Son of Captain Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Raphael C. Smead, 4th Artillery.

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Page updated: 19 Apr 13