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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1856

Vol. II

(Born D. C.)

Samuel S. Carrol​a

(Ap'd D. C.)


Samuel Sprigg Caroll: Born Sept. 21, 1831.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1852, to July 1, 1856, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut. of Infantry, July 1, 1856.

Second Lieut., 10th Infantry, Oct. 1, 1856.

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Ridgely, Min., 1857, — and Utah Expedition, 1857, 1858‑59; and at the Military Academy as Quartermaster,

(First Lieut., 10th Infantry, Apr. 25, 1861)

Jan. 5, 1860, to Nov. 11, 1861.

Captain, 10th Infantry, Nov. 1, 1861.​b

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in West Virginia, Dec. 7, 1861 to May 23, 1862; in Operations in Central Virginia,

(Colonel, 8th Ohio Volunteers, Dec. 15, 1861)

commanding a Brigade of General Shields's Division, May 24 to Aug. 14, 1862, being engaged in the Pursuit of the Rebel forces under General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Jackson up the Shenandoah, May‑June, 1862, — Action of Kernstown, Mar. 22, 1862, — and Combat of Port Republic, June 9, 1862; in the Northern Virginia Campaign, Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Aug. 9, 1862, — and Skirmish on the Rapidan,  p671 Aug. 14, 1862, where he was wounded; on sick leave of absence, disabled by wound, Aug. 15 to Sep., 1862; in the Maryland Campaign commanding Brigade, 3d Corps (Army of the Potomac), on the March to Falmouth, Va., Oct.‑Nov., 1862; in the Rappahannock Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Dec., 1862, to Feb., 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, — in command of Brigade, 3d Army Corps, May, 1863, — and Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2‑4,

(Bvt. Major, May 3, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Va.)

1863; in the Pennsylvania Campaign (Army of the Potomac), July, 1863; being engaged in the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1‑3, 1863; on

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., July 3, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Gettysburg, Pa.)

sick leave of absence, July 24 to Aug. 5, 1863; in the Rapidan Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Oct. to Dec., 1863, being engaged in the Skirmish at Auburn, Oct. 14, 1863, — Combat of Bristoe Station, Oct. 14, 1863, — and Mine Run Operations, Nov. 26 to Dec. 3, 1863; in command of Brigade, 2d Corps (Army of the Potomac), May, 1864, being engaged in the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5‑6, 1864, — and

(Bvt. Colonel, May 5, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of the Wilderness, Va.)

Battles about Spottsylvania, May 9‑13, 1864, when he was twice wounded; on sick leave of absence, disabled by wounds, May 11 to Dec. 24, 1864;

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, May 12, 1864)

on Court-Martial duty, Dec. 24, 1864, to Jan. 18, 1865; in temporary command of Department of West Virginia, Feb.‑Mar., 1865; and in

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Spottsylvania, Va.)

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Field during the Rebellion)

command of 4th Provisional Division (Army of the Shenandoah), Apr. 2 to May 8, 1865, at Winchester, Va., — of 1st Division of 1st Veteran Army Corps, May to July, 1865, at Camp Stoneman, D. C., — of District of Northeastern Virginia, Aug. 14 to Sep. 26, 1865, — and of District of Central Virginia, Sep. 26, 1865, to Jan. 15, 1866.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Jan. 15, 1866.

Served: on Court-Martial duty, Jan. to Apr., 1866; and on Recruiting service, June, 1866, to Apr. 1, 1867; in command of Petersburg, Va.,

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 21st Infantry, Jan. 22, 1867)

Apr. 18, 1867, to Jan., 1868; on duty at the headquarters of the Department of Washington, Feb. 25 to Apr., 1868; as Acting Assistant Inspector-General, Division of the Atlantic, Apr. 1, 1868, to Mar. 19, 1869; and awaiting orders, to Jan. 9, 1869.

Retired as Major-General, June 9, 1869,
for Disability from Wounds received in Battle.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

(Samuel Sprigg Carrol)

Military History. — Retired officer.

Died Jan. 28, 1893, near Washington, D. C.: Aged 61.

Buried, Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, DC.

Thayer's Notes:

a On his family tomb (q.v.) both a relative's name and his own are spelled Carroll.

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b In Vol. 48 of the Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States, p241, in a section dealing with the 10th Infantry, it is stated that he was "removed for his fighting proclivities"; when or from what, is not said, but presumably from the 10th Infantry, therefore in 1861.

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