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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1863

Vol. III

(Born N. J.)

James M. J. Sanno

(Ap'd N. J.)


James Madison Johnston Sanno:
Born Dec. 10, 1840, New Hampton, NJ.a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1859,  p13 to June 11, 1863, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, June 11, 1863.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1863‑66: on Recruiting service, Sep. 24, 1863, to Jan., 1864; and in garrison in New

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, Dec. 3, 1863)

York Harbor, Jan. to Dec., 1864.

Served: as Adjutant of 7th Infantry, at regimental headquarters, Sep. 4, 1864, to May, 1869, and as Acting Assistant Adjutant-General of the District of East Florida, Nov. 6, 1865, to Dec., 1866; as Inspector of

(Captain, 28th Infantry, July 28, 1866: Declined)

the Bureau of Freedmen, Refugees, and Abandoned Lands, for the State of Florida, Sep. 7, 1867, to June, 1868; on leave of absence, June to Sep., 1868; as Assistant Adjutant and Inspector-General of the District of Florida, Sep. 21, 1868, to Mar., 1869; on frontier duty at Ft. Fred Steele, Wy., June to Sep., 1869; as Adjutant, 7th Infantry, Sep., 1869, to Oct. 11, 1871, at Camp Douglas, Utah, to Apr., 1870, — Ft. Shaw, Mon., being Acting Assistant Adjutant-General of the District of Montana, June to Nov. 23, 1870, — Special duty in the War Department, Jan. 21 to Mar. 31, 1871, — and as Acting Assistant Adjutant-General of the

(Captain, 7th Infantry, May 15, 1871)

District of Montana, June to Oct., 1871; on frontier duty at Ft. Shaw, Mon., June 8, 1871, to Nov. 8, 1874; on leave of absence, Nov. 8, 1874, to Oct. 30, 1875; on frontier duty at Ft. Shaw, Mon., Oct. 30, 1875, to July 1, 1878, except while on Yellowstone and Big Horn Expedition, Mar. 17 to Oct. 6, 1876, and the Nez Percés Expedition, July‑Aug. 24, 1877, being engaged in the action of Big Hole Pass, Mon., Aug. 9‑10, 1877, — and Camp on Marias River, Mon., July 26 to Aug. 18, 1878; in garrison at David's Island, N. Y., Oct. 7 to Nov. 9, 1878; as Acting Assistant Adjutant-General to the Superintendent of the General Recruiting Service at New York city, Nov. 9, 1878, to Oct. 1, 1880; on duty at headquarters of the Military Division of the Atlantic (leave of absence, June 17 to Aug. 2, 1881) to Nov. 28, 1881; in garrison at Ft. Snelling, Min., to Nov. 12, 1882; on frontier duty at Ft. Laramie, Wy., to Oct. 19, 1886, — and Ft. McKinney, Wy., to June 1, 1888; as witness before Court Martial at Washington Barracks, D. C., to July, 1888; on Recruiting service, July 9 to Aug. 17, 1888; and on frontier duty at Ft. McKinney, Wy. (leave of absence, Dec. 14, 1888, to Jan. 10, 1889), to July 26, 1889, — and Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., to –––––.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

(Brevet Major, Feb. 27, 1890, for gallant services in action
against Indians at the Big Hole, Mont., Aug. 9, 1877)

Military History. — Served: At Fort Leavenworth, Kan., as Instructor in charge Department of Law, U. S. Infantry and Cavalry School, from Aug. 4, 1889 to Oct., 1894, except while in the field from Dec., 1890 to Feb., 1892, in Dakota against hostile Sioux, where he commanded a battalion and was placed in charge of the surrendered Indians of Sitting Bull's band; also during July and Aug., 1894, when he commanded a battalion of seven companies engaged in suppressing the railroad strike at Chicago, Ill., and vicinity. — At Fort Logan, Colo., from Nov., 1894 to June, 1895, commanding battalion.

(Major of Infantry, 3d Infantry, May 12, 1895)

— With regiment at Fort Snelling, Min., from July, 1895 to April 20, 1898. — On detached service from June to Aug., 1896, under instructions of the Secretary of War, engaged in the removal and deportation of Cree Indians located in Montana, and delivering them to the Canadian authorities at Coutts station on the U. S. boundary line. — On detached service during April, 1897, under orders of the Secretary of War, looking after the flood sufferers in the valley of the Red River of the North. — From April 20, 1898 to June 30, 1898, on detached service at Omaha, Neb., as acting Inspector-General, Department of the Missouri. — From July 1, 1898 to Dec. 31, 1898, at St. Paul, Min., as acting Inspector-General Departments of Dakota and the Lakes.

(Lieut.‑Colonel of Infantry, 4th Infantry, Aug. 11, 1898)

— With regiment from Jan. 3, 1899 to –––––; Commanding 4th Infantry in Philippine Isles, near Manila, from March 18, 1899 to –––––; From June 25, 1899 to July 1, 1899, commanding 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, Las Piñas. — (Participated in engagements against the Insurgent forces as follows: La Loma Church, March 24, 1899, — near Taytay on June 3 and 4, 1899, — near Dasmarinas on June 19 and 20, 1899.)

(Colonel of Infantry, 18th Infantry, Dec. 18, 1899)

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — With regiment at Manila from Jan. 3, 1899 to Sept. 7, 1899. — On sick leave in Japan to Nov. 7, 1899. — Sick in Manila, P. I., to Jan., 1900.

(Colonel, 18th Infantry, Dec. 18, 1899)

— On Board in Manila to audit claims against U. S., to Aug. 1900. — En route to U. S. and on sick leave to Feb., 1901 — On duty at Plattsburg Barracks, N. Y., organizing and commanding 27th Infantry to Oct., 1901; — Commanding regiment at Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., to Nov. 13, 1901. — Commanding Department Colorado, to Dec. 30, 1901. — President of an examining board at denver, Colo., to Feb. 2, 1902. — Commanding regiment at Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., to March 26, 1902. — Commanding Department Colorado, March 26 to April 26, 1902. — Commanding regiment Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., to April, 1903. — En route to P. I. to April 26, 1903. — Commanding regiment at Camp Bumpus, P. I.

(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., July 30, 1903)

to Aug. 3, 1903.

Brig.‑General, U. S. A., Retired July 31, 1903,
at his own request, after 40 Years' Service.

Died May 4, 1907, at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga.: Aged 66.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1908, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.

Thayer's Note:

a Gen. Sanno's full name is from Heitman's Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, I.860; although according to List of Cadets admitted into the United States Military Academy, West Point, N. Y., from its Origin till September 1, 1886 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1887), he only took the second middle name, Johnston, after graduating. His birth data are from his AOG obituary.

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