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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1867

Vol. III

(Born Me.)

Henry B. Osgood​1

(Ap'd at Large)


Henry Brown Osgood: Born Oct. 13, 1843, Fryeburg, ME.a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, Sep. 1, 1863, to June 17, 1867, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, June 17, 1867.

Served: in garrison at Ft. Warren, Mas., Sep. 30, 1867, to Feb. 14, 1869, — Ft. Barrancas, Fla., Mar. 4, 1869, to Jan. 22, 1871 (leave of absence,

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Apr. 25, 1870)

May 29 to July 21, 1869), — Ft. Jefferson, Fla., Jan. 31, 1871, to Nov. 30, 1872, — and at Ft. Ontario, N. Y., Dec. 7, 1872, to Aug. 31, 1876; as Professor of Military Science and Civil Engineering in the Western University of Pennsylvania, Sep. 1, 1876, to May 1, 1880; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), to Apr. 28, 1882, — Little Rock Barracks, Ark., Oct. 20, 1882, to Oct. 16, 1884, — and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), as Police and Ordnance

(Captain, Staff — Commissary of Subsistence, Oct. 5, 1889)

Officer, to Dec. 4, 1889; and as Commissary of Subsistence at St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 28, 1889, to –––––.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Served: As Commissary of Subsistence, and at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Dec. 14, 1889 to Jan. 30, 1891; Assistant to Chief Commissary, Department of the Platte, at Omaha, Neb., Jan. 31, 1891 to June 29, 1892, and Chief Commissary of same Department to July 10, 1893; Purchasing and Depot Commissary at Boston, Mas., July 20, 1893 to June 30, 1897; on duty at St. Louis, Mo., Aug. 8 to Nov. 18, 1897; on duty in office Commissary-General, Washington, D. C., Nov. 19, 1897 to April 26, 1898.

(Major, Staff — Commissary of Subsistence, Jan. 26, 1897)

— On staff of Major-General Miles, at Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., to May 30, 1898, and in the field in Florida, to July 3, 1898; Chief Commissary at Camp Thomas, Ga., July 5 to Aug. 3, 1898; Chief and Purchasing Commissary, Department of Santiago, at Santiago de Cuba, Aug. 15 to Nov. 20, 1898; settling accounts to Jan. 9, 1899; Purchasing and Depot Commissary at Huntsville, Ala., to Feb., 1899; Acting Chief Commissary, Department of the East, New York City, Feb. 25 to March 31, 1899; Purchasing Commissary at Huntsville, Ala., May 7 to 11, 1899; at Augusta, Ga., to July 20, 1899; at Boston, Mas., to ––––

(Lieut.‑Colonel and Commissary of Subsistence by Assignment, Aug. 5 to Oct. 24, 1898, and Dec. 20, 1898 to March 2, 1899)

Medal of Honor

for voluntarily remaining in the service during the invasion of Pennsylvania, July, 1863, his term of service having expired;  p171 while serving as 1st Lieutenant, Company I, 27th Maine Infantry, on duty in the defenses of Washington.​b

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Served:

(Lieut.‑Colonel, Dept. Commissary-General, Feb. 2, 1901)

— At Boston, Mass., to July 25, 1901. — On leave to Aug. 31, 1901. — En route to P. I., to Oct. 17, 1901. — Chief Commissary Department Southern Luzon from Oct. 23 to Nov. 30, 1901. — Chief Commissary, Department South Philippines to Sept. 19, 1902. — Chief Commissary, Department Southern Luzon Oct. 1, 1902 to Sept. 30, 1903. — On special duty at Manila, P. I., to Jan. 15, 1904. — En route to U. S. to Feb. 12, 1904. — Chief Commissary, Department of the Gulf, Atlanta, Ga., from March 1, 1904

(Colonel, Asst. Commissary-General, Jan. 19, 1905)

to Sept. 19, 1905. — Chief Commissary, Department of the East, Governor's Island, N. Y., Sept. 20, 1905 to July 22, 1907. — On duty in Washington, D. C., to July 28, 1907. — On leave to Oct. 13, 1907.

Brig.‑General, U. S. A., Retired Oct. 13, 1907.

Died March 12, 1909, at Stephentown, N. Y.: Aged 66.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1909, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Stephentown Baptist Cemetery, Stephentown, NY.

The Author's Note:

1 Henry B. Osgood, before becoming a Cadet, served as First Lieut., 27th Maine Volunteers.

Thayer's Notes:

a Gen. Osgood's full name and birth data are from his AOG obituary.

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b It's usually stated that only two soldiers have ever been awarded the Medal of Honor before becoming a Cadet at West Point (Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Calvin Titus and Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.John G. Bourke). So, strictly speaking, Lt. Osgood's Medal of Honor must be included in the list.

As noted in his AOG obituary, however, his Medal was one of a blanket award to about three hundred members of the 27th Maine; and when in 1916, at the direction of the Congress, an Army board under Nelson Miles (Commanding General of the Army and himself a recipient of the Medal of Honor) reviewed all the Army awards of the Medal of Honor to that date, it concluded that many of them had not been justified under the rules for the award, and Congress rescinded all of those issued to the 27th Maine, including the one to Lt. Osgood — who by that time, however, had died.

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