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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1876

Vol. III

(Born Ky.)

Hugh Lenoxº Scott

(Ap'd at Large)


Born Sep. 22, 1853, Danville, KY.​a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1871, to June 14, 1876, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 9th Cavalry, June 15,º 1876.

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Lincoln, Dak., Sep. 30, 1876, to May 1,

(Transferred to 7th Cavalry, June 26, 1876)

1877, — Nez Percés Expedition, to Nov. 20, 1877, — Ft. Lincoln, Dak., Nov. 20, 1877, to July 4, 1878, — Scouting and at Bear Butte, Dak.,

(First Lieut., 7th Cavalry, June 28, 1878)

July 4 to Nov. 12, 1878, — and Ft. Totten, Dak., Nov. 12 to Dec. 17, 1878; on leave of absence, Dec. 17, 1878, to Apr. 16, 1879; Ft. Totten, Dak. (constructing Telegraph Lines, Apr. and July 24 to Aug. 26, 1882, and detached service at Devil's Lake, Dak., Sep., 1882), to Oct. 14, 1882, — and Ft. Meade, Dak. (leave of absence, Feb. 27 to June 26, 1884, and on exploring expedition, June 27 to Sep. 28, 1884), to Sep. 16, 1886; on Recruiting service, to Oct. 12, 1888; on leave of absence, to Feb. 12, 1889; and on frontier duty at Ft. Sill, I. T. (Scouting, Apr. 18 to Oct. 19, 1889), to –––––.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Joined troop at Fort Sill, Okla., Feb. 17, 1889. — Served with troop at Purcell, I. T., at the opening of Oklahoma, April 22, 1889. — In the field in Indian Territory, and at Camp of Instruction at Chiloceo for six months and one day, from April 19, 1889. — Garrison duty, Fort Sill, Okla., until May, 1890. — In the field guarding cattle trail, Comanche Reservation, May, 1890. — Garrison duty at Fort Sill, Okla., with tours of field duty settling Indian questions — the killing of Bolante, a Kiowa Indian; the allaying the excitement incident thereto in Greer Co., Tex.; the excitement over the freezing to death of three Kiowa children who had been whipped at the school at Anadarko (his services in allaying this excitement were honorably mentioned in General Orders,  p272 War Department); and notably the keeping the War Department informed of the feeling and intentions of the Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Wichita, Caddo, Delaware, and other southern Indians during the excitement over the Messiah Dance. — Organized and commanded Troop L, 7th Cavalry (composed of Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache Indians), until it was mustered out at expiration of five years' service at Fort Sill.​b

(Captain of Cavalry, 7th Cavalry, Jan. 24, 1895)

— In charge of Geronimo's band, Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war, from Oct. 4, 1894 until Dec. 7, 1897, at Fort Sill, Okla. — Detailed in Military Information Bureau, Adjutant-General's Office, Dec. 7, 1897, in connection with work on the sign language of the Plains Indians, for the Ethnological Bureau, Smithsonian Institution, until the breaking out of the Spanish war.

(Major and Asst. Adjutant-General, U. S. Volunteers, May 12, 1898)

— Adjutant-General, 3d Division, 1st Army Corps, May 25, 1898; served in that capacity until 3d Division was changed to the 2d Division, 1st Corps, at Chickamauga Park, Ga., Lexington, Ky., and Columbus, Ga., and until the 1st Corps was broken up, Feb., 1899. — Adjutant-General, Department of Havana, Havana, Cuba, March 1, 1899, to ––––

(Lieut.‑Colonel and Asst. Adjutant-General, U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 17, 1899)

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Served: Adjutant-General, Department of Havana, under General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Ludlow, Mar., 1899 to May, 1900; Assistant Adjutant-General, Division of Cuba, May, 1900 to Aug. 12, 1900; Aug. 13, 1900, Adjutant-General, Division of Cuba, until Nov. 15, when the Division of Cuba was changed to Department of Cuba; Adjutant-General, Department of Cuba, under Major General Leonard Wood, 1900‑2; took part in turning over Government of Cuba to the Cubans, May 20, 1902; Governor Sulu Archipelagoº and Commander Post Jolo, Sept. 3, 1903 to July 9, 1906; abrogated Slavery in that Archipelago; Superintendent, U. S. Military Academy, Aug. 31, 1906, to –––––.

Vol. VI
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born Sept. 22, 1853.)

Military History. —

Major, 3d Cavalry, Feb. 25, 1903.

Transferred to 14th Cavalry, March 16, 1903.

Governor of the Sulu Archipelago and Commander of the Post of Jolo, P. I., Sept. 3, 1903, to July 9, 1906; wounded in both hands; abrogated slavery in Sulu Archipelago; Superintendent, U. S. Military Academy, Aug. 31, 1906, to Aug. 31, 1910; in 1908 settled Indian troubles connected with the Navajo and Mexican Kickapoo Indians in Arizona and New Mexico;

(Lieut.‑Colonel of Cavalry, March 3, 1911)

(Colonel, 3d Cavalry, Aug. 18, 1911)

on temporary duty in office of Chief of Staff to Nov. 13, 1911; settled troubles with the Hopi Indians in December, 1911; in command of 3rd Cavalry at Fort Sam Houston, Texas; on detached service during November and December, 1912, in connection with the removal of Apache Indian prisoners at Fort Sill, Oklahoma;

(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., March 23, 1913)

 p220  in command of 2nd Cavalry Brigade at El Paso, and in control of the Mexican border from Texas to California to April, 1914; on detached service during November and December, 1914, settling troubles with the Navajo Indians in New Mexico; detailed member of General Staff, April 22, 1914; on duty as Assistant Chief of Staff to November, 1914; Chief of Staff, U. S. A., Nov. 17, 1914;

(Major-General, U. S. A., April 30, 1915)

settled troubles with Navajo Indians in Utah as well as many troubles on the Mexican border, several times averting war with Mexico; laid the basis for raising, training and equipping the American Army after the Declaration of War with Germany; member of the Root Commission to Russia in May, 1917; returned in August, 1917;

(Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Sept. 22, 1917,
By Operation of Law)

After visiting France and England and spending some time with the British and French Divisions in the front lines and at the various training schools in England and France, returned to the U. S., Dec. 24, 1917; assigned to command of the 78th Division, National Army, Jan. 2, 1918; commanding Camp Dix, N. J., March 13, 1918, to May 12, 1919, when he was relieved from further active service.

Degrees: L. H. D., Princeton, 1910, LL. D., Columbia, 1915.


Distinguished Service Medal

"For especially meritorious and conspicuous service as Chief of Staff in advocating and persistently urging the adoption of the selective-service law and as commanding general, Camp Dix, N. J., in organizing and training the divisions and miscellaneous troops committed to his care during the war."

Vol. VII
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Distinguished Service Medal

Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Sept. 22, 1917,
By Operation of Law.

Awarded Silver Star and cited for gallantry in action.

Civil History. — Chairman, State Highway Commission, New Jersey, for seven years; Member, Board of Indian Commissioners, U. S., ten years; author of "Some Memories of a Soldier," Century Co., 1928.

Degrees: L. H. D., Princeton, 1910; LL. D., Columbia, 1915; D. M. S., Pennsylvania Military College, Chester, Pa., 1916.

[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: —

Maj.‑Gen., Ret., Sept. 22, 1917.

Civil History. — Chairman, State Highway Commission, New Jersey, 1923 to 1933.

Died Apr. 30, 1934, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 80.

Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1936.º

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.

Thayer's Notes:

a Gen. Scott's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.

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b Gen. Scott's work in promoting peace with the Indians was very dear to his heart, figuring prominently in the brief inscription on his tombstone, q.v.

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Page updated: 24 Dec 14