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Charles H. Muir
Born Monroe County, MI.a
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1881, to June 14, 1885, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
Second Lieut., 17th Infantry, June 14, 1885.
Military History. —
(First Lieut. of Infantry, 14th Infantry, Jan. 9, 1892)
(Transferred to 2d Infantry, Feb. 9, 1892)
Served: At Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., to March 19, 1892; Fort Omaha, Neb., to Aug. 23, 1893; U. S. Infantry and Cavalry School, Fort Leavenworth, Kan., 1893‑95 (Honor Graduate (No. 1), 1895); Assistant Instructor, Department of Engineering, at same school, 1895 (and also in Law, 1898) to outbreak of the Spanish-American war. — Chief Commissary, 1st Division, Provisional Corps, at Chickamauga Park, April 27 to May 10, 1898. — Acting Regimental Adjutant, 2d Infantry, May 11, and (Regimental Adjutant, May 25, 1898 to –––––); With 5th Army Corps from Tampa to Montauk Point. — In battles in front of Santiago, July 1, 2, 3, and 10 and 11, 1898. — Recommended for medal of honor by Brigadier-General Wm. M. Wherry, U. S. A. (commander of 2d Infantry in Santiago campaign). — Montauk Point, N. Y., to Sept. 18, 1898. — On sick leave and at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., to Nov., 1898; Camp Shipp, Ala., Nov. 18, 1898 to Mar. 22, 1899; at Savannah, Ga., to April 13, 1899. — At Cienfuegos, Cuba, April, 1899 to –––––
(Captain of Infantry, 2d Infantry, March 2, 1899)
(Major, 38th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 17, 1899)
Military History. — Served: At Cienfuegos, Cuba, April to Sept. 1899; joined 38th U. S. Volunteer Infantry at Jefferson Barracks; sailed for Philippines with regiment, arriving Manila latter part of Dec.; with the regiment in the Philippine in sixteen engagements and skirmishes; went to China as Military Observer and for Staff duty in the China Relief Expedition, arriving just after Pekin was taken by allies; Judge Advocate General of American force there for about three months; then relieved at own request, rejoining volunteer regiment in Philippines, Dec. 25, 1900; took part in campaign of regiment through Panay, and then on duty as an Acting Inspector-General for about two months; sailed with, and in command of volunteer regiment, for the United States, arriving at San Francisco, June 27, 1901; mustered out of volunteers with regiment, June 30, 1901; joined Company (A, 2d Infantry), at Fort Thomas, Ky., and served there till May 10, 1902; then sailed for Philippines to join regiment with company; in Philippines, as Regimental Adjutant, till next spring, when returned to U. S. with regiment; detailed as member of the First General Staff, in Washington, D. C.; on such duty, from Aug. 15, 1903 to Aug. 13, 1907; rejoined 2d Infantry, as Captain, in Oct., 1907; at Zamboanga with company till return of regiment to U. S., in April, 1908.
(Major, 23d Infantry, March 24, 1908)
— Joined regiment at Camp Overton, Mindanao, P. I., Aug. 13, 1908, and served there in command of post to –––––.
(Charles Henry Muir, Born July 18, 1860.)
Military History. —
Major, 23d Infantry, March 24, 1908.
At Camp Overton, Mindanao, P. I., commanding post, Aug. 13, 1908, for one year, then to Camp at Parang, Mindanao, commanding Battalion, to December, 1909; Chief of Staff of Defending Force in Philippine Maneuvers, 1910; en route to U. S. with regiment, March 15, 1910; at Fort Clark, Texas, commanding Battalion and post, to June 8, 1911; Inspector-Instructor, National Guard of Illinois, June 10, 1911, to
(Lieut.‑Colonel of Infantry, Jan. 11, 1914)
Feb. 15, 1915;
(Assigned to 27th Infantry, Feb. 19, 1915)
joined 27th Infantry at Texas City, Texas;
(Transferred to 26th Infantry, Sept. 1, 1915)
at Harlingen, and San Benito, Texas, with 26th Infantry, to Nov. 15, 1915;
(Transferred to 5th Infantry, Nov. 15, 1915)
en route to Panama Canal Zone, Nov. 16, 1915; at Camp at Empire, Canal Zone, with 5th Infantry, to July 1, 1916;
(Colonel, 33d Infantry, July 1, 1916)
organized 33rd Infantry and built Camp at Gatun, Canal Zone, for same;
(Brigadier-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
sailed from Colon, Panama, Aug. 16, 1917; at Camp Jackson, S. C., commanding 162nd Brigade, Sept. 27 to
Major-General, National Army, Nov. 28, 1917)
December, 1917; at Camp Logan, Texas, to command 5th Division, Dec. 8; order revoked and to Camp Hancock, Augusta, Ga., to command 28th Division, Dec. 13; left Camp Hancock with 28th Division, April 21, 1918; to Calais, France, via Camp Upton, N. Y., and Liverpool, May 18, 1918; commanded 28th Division in its fighting on the Marne, the Ourcq, the Vesle (Fismes, Fismettes,º and to heights between the Vesle and the Aisne) Rivers, and in the Argonne Forest; left latter place with Division, Oct. 10, 1918, and went to vicinity of Mesnil-la‑Tour, where Division became part of 4th Corps, Oct. 9; permanently assigned to same, Oct. 21; p395 commanded 4th Corps in its operations on the Woevre until Armistice, Nov. 11, 1918; continued in command of Corps in its advance into Germany as part of American Army of Occupation, beginning Nov. 17, 1918, and during occupation to –––––
(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Nov. 6, 1918)
Distinguished Service Medal
Jan. 17, 1919,
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services as division and corps commander. Commanding the Twenty-eighth Division during the Argonne-Meuse offensive, and especially in the difficult operations which resulted in the clearing of the Argonne Forest, he proved himself to be an energetic leader of the highest professional attainments. As a corps commander he displayed the same fine qualities that characterized his service with a division."
Awarded by French Government
Croix de Guerre, with Palm
and cited, "A Division Commander of lofty morale and of inspiring bravery. Handled his Division in the operations of July and August, 1918, between the Marne and the Vesle, with conspicuous skill and by his soldierly qualities and his personal ascendancy obtained most brilliant success."
Military History: —
Distinguished Service Medal.
Colonel of Infantry, July 1, 1916.
p222 Major-General, National Army, Nov. 28, 1917.
Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Nov. 6, 1918.
Commanding 4th Corps in its advance into Germany and as part of American Army of Occupation, Nov. 17, 1918, to Apr. 13, 1919; commanded 28th Division, en route to U. S. and at Camp Merritt, N. J., during muster out, and afterwards in command of Camp Merritt; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., Commandant of General Service and Staff School, Sept., 1919, to
Returned to Grade of Brigadier-General, Mar. 15, 1920.
Major-General, Recess Appointment, July 3, 1920.
Sept., 1920; Commanding Camp Lewis, Wash., station of 1st, 4th and then 3rd Divisions, Sept., 1920, to
Major-General, U. S. A., Mar. 8, 1921.
Nov., 1922; at Baltimore, Md., commanding 3d Corps Area, Dec. 5, 1922, to July 18, 1924.
Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, July 18, 1924,
Distinguished Service Cross.
"For extraordinary heroism in action at Santiago, Cuba, July 2, 1898. At the risk of his life, he voluntarily exposed himself to a heavy hostile artillery and infantry fire in a successful attempt as a sharpshooter to silence a piece of Spanish artillery at the battle of Santiago."
Awarded Silver Star and cited "for gallantry in action against the insurgents at Taal, P. I., Jan. 19, 1900."
Awarded Commander, Legion of Honor (French); K. C. M. G., (British); Croix de Guerre, with Palm.
Military History: —
Maj.‑Gen., Ret., July 18, 1924.
Died, Dec. 8, 1933, at Baltimore, Md.: Aged 73.
Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1934.º
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
a Gen. Muir's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.
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