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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1888

Vol. III

(Born Pa.)

Peyton Conwayº March​1

(Ap'd Pa.)


Born Easton, PA.​a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, June 15, 1884, to June 11, 1888, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Add. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, June 11, 1888.

Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, Nov. 30, 1888.

Served in garrison at Washington Barracks, D. C., Sep. 30, 1888, to ––––

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. —

(First Lieut. of Artillery, 5th Artillery, Oct. 25, 1894)

Served: At Washington Barracks, D. C., to Nov. 1, 1894. — Fort Mason, Cal., Feb. 1, 1895-May, 1896. — Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., May‑Aug. 31, 1896. — Fort Monroe, Va., Sept. 7, 1896–May 16, 1898 (Graduate of the Artillery School, 1898). — Captain of the Astor Battery, May 16, 1898–Feb. 2, 1899, when it was mustered out; took part in expedition to Philippines and assault on and capture of Manila, Aug. 13, 1898. — Returned from Philippine Islands as Aide-de‑camp to Major-General Arthur MacArthur, March 23, 1899.

(Major, 33d U. S. Volunteer Infantry, July 5, 1899)

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Served: Returned to Philippine Islands, from muster‑out of Astor Battery, as Aide-de‑camp to Major-General Arthur MacArthur, March 23, 1899; A. A. A. G., 2d Division, 8th Army Corps, July‑Oct., 1899; took part in engagements of 2d Division at San Fernando, Calulut, Angeles and Porac; joined 33d Infantry, U. S. Volunteers, on its arrival at Manila, Oct., 1899; took part in Wheaton's expedition to Lingayan Gulf, Nov., 1899, including engagements at San Fabian, Buntayan Bridge and San Jacinto; detached with Battalion, 33d Infantry to General Young and commanded U. S. forces at Tilad Pass, Dec. 2, 1899, where General Gregorio del Pilar was killed; received surrender of General Venancio Concepcion, Chief of Staff to Aguinaldo, at Cayan, Dec. 5, 1899; in charge Military and Civil Government in district comprising Lepanto-Bontoc and southern half of Ilocos Sur, Feb. 1900, June 1900.

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 33d Infantry, June 9, 1900)

— In charge Military and Civil Government, Province of Abra, to Feb., 1901; Commissary-General of prisoners, Philippine Islands, to June 30, 1901, when mustered out of Volunteer Army; member Field

(Captain, Artillery Corps, Feb. 2, 1901)

Artillery Board; nominated you President, March 20, 1902, for following brevets, for most distinguished gallantry in action: Captain, U. S. A., for action near Manila, Luzon, Aug. 13, 1898; Lieut.‑Colonel, U. S. Volunteers, for actions near Porac, Sept. 28, and at San Jacinto, Luzon, Nov. 11, 1899; Colonel, U. S. Volunteers, for actions at Tilad Pass, Dec. 2, and at Cayan, Luzon, Dec. 5, 1899; detailed on General Staff, Aug. 15, 1903, on organization of that body, and served on War Department, General Staff; Military Attache with 1st Japanese Army (Kuroki), Feb.‑Nov., 1904, during Russo-Japanese War; at battles of Motienling, July 17; Yushuling and Yantzuling, July 31, Aug. 1; Liao‑yang, Aug. 25, Sept. 4; the Shaho, Oct. 4‑20, 1904.

(Major, Artillery, Jan. 25, 1907)

— Member Field Artillery Board.

(Assigned to 6th Field Artillery, June 6, 1907)

Vol. VI
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born Dec. 27, 1864.)

Military History. —

Captain, Artillery Corps, Feb. 2, 1901.

At Washington, D. C., member of General Staff, Aug. 5, 1903, to March 5, 1904; at Tokyo, Japan, Military Attaché and on duty in field with Japanese troops, March 21 to Nov. 30, 1904; en route to U. S., to Dec. 16, 1904; at Washington, D. C., in office of Chief of Staff, Dec. 21, 1904, to about July 10, 1906; at Camp of Instruction, Chickamauga, Ga., July 24 to Sept. 1, 1906; at Washington, D. C., in office of Chief of Staff, Sept. 1, 1906, to

(Major, Artillery Corps, Jan. 25, 1907)

May 28, 1907;

(Assigned to 6th Field Artillery, June 6, 1907)

at Fort Riley, Kans., commanding Battalion, Aug. 2, 1907, to April 8, 1911;

(Adjutant-General, by Detail, April 9, 1911)

at Fort Riley, Kans., Post Adjutant, to Aug. 30, 1911; at Omaha, Neb., Adjutant General, Department of the Missouri, Sept. 2, 1911, to Feb. 8, 1912;

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 6th Field Artillery, Feb. 8, 1912)

at Fort Riley, Kans., with regiment, June 19 to

(Adjutant General's Department, by Detail, Aug. 26, 1912)

September, 1912; at Chicago, Ill., Adjutant General, Central Department, Sept. 5, 1912, to Feb. 15, 1913; at Texas City, Texas, Adjutant, 2nd Division, Feb. 27 to Oct. 12, 1913; at Washington, D. C., in office of Adjutant General, Oct. 17, 1913, to

(Colonel of Field artillery, July 1, 1916)

Aug. 25, 1916; relieved from detail in Adjutant General's Department, Aug. 24, 1916; on leave of absence to Sept. 30, 1916; at Fort Bliss, Texas, with regiment, to May 30, 1917; en route to Washington, D. C., and to France, to June –––, 1917;

(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., June 17, 1917)

commanding 1st Field Artillery Brigade, 1st Division, A. E. F., to Aug. 5, 1917;

(Major-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)

commanding Artillery, First Army, A. E. F., and all Artillery in A. E. F., not assigned to Divisions, to

(Major-General, U. S. A., Sept. 23, 1917)

February, 1918; en route to Washington, D. C., to March 4, 1918; detailed as member General Staff and Acting Chief of Staff, March 4, 1918; Chief of Staff, May 20, 1918, to

(General, U. S. A., May 20, 1918)

Awarded: The Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun of Japan; the Grand Cross of the Order of George the First of Greece; the  p492 Grand Cordon of the Order of the Crown of Belgium; made Knight of the Great Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus of Italy; Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor of France; Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George of England.


Distinguished Service Medal

"For exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous service as follows:

"General March (then major general, U. S. Army), as commanding general of the Army Artillery of the first army from October 4, 1917, to January 31, 1918, initiated and prepared the plans for the organization of the artillery of the American Army in France; as acting Chief of Staff of the United States Army from March 2, 1918, to May 20, 1918, and as Chief of Staff of the United States Army (General, U. S. Army) after May 20, 1918, he performed with intelligence, zeal, and patriotic devotion, duties of inestimable value in the development, the direction, and the carrying into effect of the military program of the United States."


Distinguished Service Cross

Peyton C. March, general (then lieutenant in the Astor Battery). "For extraordinary heroism in action before Manila, P. I., August 13, 1898. He gallantly led a charge on the enemy's breastworks, volunteers having been called for by the brigadier general, commanding."

Vol. VII
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Distinguished Service Cross.

Distinguished Service Medal.

Major-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917.

Major-General, U. S. A., Sept. 23, 1917.

At Washington, D. C., Chief of Staff, May 20, 1918, to

General, Emergency, May 20, 1918.

Returned to Grade of Major-General, June 30, 1920.

June 30, 1921.

Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Nov. 1, 1921,
At His Own Request, After Over 30 Years' Service.

General, U. S. A., Retired, June 21, 1930,
Act of June 21, 1930.

Awarded five Silver Stars and cited "for gallantry in action against insurgent forces at Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Sept. 28, 1899"; "for gallantry in action against insurgent forces at Buntayan Bridge, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Nov. 8, 1899"; "for gallantry in action against insurgent forces at San Jacinto, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Nov. 11, 1899"; "for gallantry in action against insurgent forces at Tilad Pass, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Dec. 2, 1899"; and "for gallantry in action against insurgent forces at Cayan, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Dec. 5, 1899."

Awarded the following decorations: Grand Cross of St. Michael and St. George, England; Grand Cross of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus, Italy; Grand Cordon Rising Sun, Japan; Grand Cordon Order of the Crown, Belgium; Grand Cordon Order of the Crown, Roumania; Grand Cordon of the Chia Ho, China; Grand Cross Order of George I, Greece; Grand Officer, Legion of Honor, France; Polonia Restituta, 1st Class, Poland; War Cross of Czecho-Slovakia.

[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: —

Maj.‑Gen., Ret., Nov. 1, 1921.

Gen., Ret., June 21, 1930.

Civil History: — Degrees: A. B.; A. M.; LL. D., Lafayette College; LL. D., Union College; LL. D., Amherst College; D. Mil. Sc., Pennsylvania Military College. Author of "The Nation at War" and articles in magazines and periodicals.

Vol. IX
[Supplement, Vol. IX: 1940‑1950]

Military History: —

Maj Gen Ret 1 Nov 21

Gen Ret 21 Jun 30

Civil History: — 1870 Wyoming Ave NW, Washington 9 DC

Died, Apr. 13, 1955, Washington, D. C.: Aged 90.​b

Portrait and obituary at West Point Association of Graduates.º

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.

The Author's Note:

1 Son of Professor Francis A. March, Lafayette College, Pa.

Thayer's Notes:

a Gen. March's birthplace is from his WPAOG obituary.

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b Gen. March died after the publication of Vol. IX (1950), the most recent volume of the Supplements to Cullum's Register available to me, which may also be the most recent volume in the public domain. The date and place of his death are from the WPAOG memorial article.

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