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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1888

Vol. III

(Born Tex.)

Robert Leeº Howze

(Ap'd Tex.)


Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1883, to June 11, 1888, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Add. Second Lieut., 5th Cavalry, June 11, 1888.

Second Lieut., 6th Cavalry, July 7, 1888.

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Wingate, N. M., Sep. 29, 1888, to –––––.

Vol. IV
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Served: In command of Indian scouts, Fort Wingate, N. M., till Nov. 30, 1890. — Participated in Sioux campaign, Dec. 1, 1890 to Feb. 8, 1891. —

Medal of Honor,

for gallantry in repulsing the attacks of hostile Sioux Indians on the north bank of the White River, near the mouth of Little Grass Creek, S. D., Jan. 1, 1891. — At Fort Niobrara, Neb., with regiment, Feb. 8, 1891 to July 1, 1894. — Acting Quartermaster of regiment which was on duty in Chicago putting down railroad strikes, July 1 to Oct. 1, 1894. — at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., Oct. 1, 1894

(First Lieut. of Cavalry, 9th Cavalry, Jan. 9, 1896)

(Transferred to 6th Cavalry, March 14, 1896)

to March 20, 1896. — Instructor of Tactics, U. S. M. A., West Point, N. Y., March 23 to Nov. 1, 1896. — (Adjutant, 6th Cavalry, Nov. 1, 1896 to June 1, 1898.) — At Fort Myer, Va., until Apr. 19, 1898. — Went with regiment to Chickamauga Park, thence to Tampa, and with General Shafter's expedition to Cuba. — Took part in Santiago campaign as Assistant Adjutant-General of the 1st Cavalry Brigade.

(Captain and Asst. Adjutant-General, U. S. Volunteers,
May 12, 1898)

— Served as such with Cavalry Division until Sept. 1, 1898, participating in the campaign against Santiago de Cuba. — Returned to Montauk, N. Y., Aug. 14, 1898.

(Honorably discharged from Volunteer Service, Dec. 31, 1898)

— Senior Instructor of Cavalry Tactics, U. S. M. A., Sept. 1, 1898

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 34th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, July 5, 1899)

to July 7, 1899. — Organizing and commanding regiment in the absence of Colonel, at Fort Logan, Colo., July, 1899 to ––––

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Served: Organizing and commanding regiment in the absence of Colonel, at Fort Logan, Colo., July 17, 1899 to Aug. 29, 1899; en route to the Philippine Islands, to Oct. 14, 1899; in Philippine Islands, to Feb. 28, 1901; participated in the following battles, engagements, skirmishes, expeditions: Northern expedition, under General Lawton, Oct., Nov. and Dec., 1899; the advance on Aliaga, Nov. 9 to 11, 1899; commanded expedition to Bautista, via Victoria and Rosales, Nov. 13 to 20, 1899; expedition under the command of General Young to Northwestern Luzon, and expedition to the  p422 relief of Lieut.‑Commander Gillmore and American prisoners and Spanish prisoners, Nov. 26, 1899 to Jan. 3, 1900;​a1 in command of troops in following actions: Battle of Tangnadan Pass, Dec. 4, 1899; affair at Lapaz, Dec. 7, 1899; engagements near Dunlas, Dec. 8, 1899; at Banna Canon, Dec. 9, 1899; skirmish at Camarine, Dec. 9, 1899; at Mananting, Dec. 11, 1899; at Gaset, Dec. 16, 1899; night attack on Laoag, April 17, 1900; in command of troops in the rescue of 40 Spanish officers and 1100 Spanish soldiers, at Bangued, Dec. 6, 1899; in the rescue of three American at Lapaz, Dec. 7, 1899; in the rescue of General Pena, about 450 Spanish officers and 450 Spanish soldiers, at Dingras, Dec. 10, 1899; in the rescue of 100 Chinamen at Solsona, Dec. 10, 1899; in command of battalion of troops in the rescue of Lieut.‑Commander Gillmore, U. S. Navy, and 22 Americans, Dec. 16 and 18, 1899; in command of the Province of Ilocos Norte, Luzon, Jan. 5 to Nov. 27, 1900; in command of regiment, en route from the Philippines to the United States, Feb. 28 to March 29, 1901, and in camp at the Presidio of San Francisco, till mustered out, April 17, 1901; at Fort Slocum, N. Y., April 27, till Oct. 14, 1901.

(Brigadier-General, Volunteers, June 20 till June 30, 1901)

(Major, Porto Rico Provisional Regiment of Infantry,
Oct. 9, 1901 till June 30, 1904)

— In Porto Rico, Oct. 19, 1901 till June 30, 1904; in command of troop at Fort Keogh, Mont., July 18 till Aug. 15, 1904; at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, Mo., on duty with the Jefferson Guard, Aug. 15 till Dec. 9, 1904; at Fort Keogh, Mont., in command of troop, Dec. 18, 1904 till May 24, 1905; Commandant of Cadets, U. S. Military Academy at West Point, N. Y., from June 15, 1905 till Feb. 1, 1909; Lieut.‑Colonel Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry, Feb. 1, 1909; in command of regiment at San Juan, P. R., to –––––.

Vol. VI
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born Aug. 22, 1864.)

Military History. —

Medal of Honor

Captain, 6th Cavalry, Feb. 2, 1901.

Lieut.‑Colonel, Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry, Feb. 1, 1909.

At San Juan, P. R., in command of regiment, February, 1909, to

(Major, 4th Cavalry, Nov. 18, 1911)

(Transferred to 11th Cavalry, Dec. 21, 1911)

August, 1912; at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga., with 11th Cavalry, August, 1912, to May, 1914; in Colorado, on strike duty with headquarters at Trinidad, May 1, 1914, to Jan. 15, 1915; at Army War College, Washington, D. C., Aug. 15, 1915, to March 13, 1916; joined Punitive Expedition into Mexico March 17, 1916, and participated in campaign against Villa to

(Lieut.‑Colonel of Cavalry, July 1, 1916)

October, 1916; (detailed to General Staff, Sept. 13, 1916); at El Paso, Texas, Chief of Staff of 10th Infantry Division, of Provisional Cavalry Division, and of Northeastern Department to

(Colonel of Cavalry, May 15, 1917)

(Brigadier-General, National Army, Dec. 17, 1917)

February, 1918; at Fort Bliss, Texas, commanding 2nd Cavalry Brigade, Feb. 5 to May, 1918; at El Paso, Texas, commanding El Paso District, May to

(Major-General, National Army, Aug. 8, 1918)

Aug. 28, 1918; assigned to command of 38th Division, Aug. 27, 1918; en route with Division to France, Sept. 8 to 28, 1918; participated in Meuse-Argonne Operations, Oct. 21‑29; assigned to command of 4th Division, Nov. 17, and to command of 3rd Division, Nov. 19; marched to the Rhine, Nov. 20 to Dec. 9, 1918; in Coblenz Bridgehead, Germany, commanding 3rd Division as part of the Army of Occupation, to Aug.  p498 14, 1919; en route to U. S., Aug. 14 to 23; relieved from command of 3rd Division and assigned to command of El Paso District, Aug. 23; at El Paso, Texas, commanding District, Aug. 29, 1919, to ––––

(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., July 3, 1920)

Officer of the Legion of Honor (French); awarded Croix de Guerre; Awarded

Distinguished Service Medal

"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. As commander of the 3rd Division on its march to the Rhine and during the occupation of the enemy territory he proved himself energetic and capable, exhibiting superb qualities of leader­ship. He maintained an unusually high standard of efficiency in his unit, rendering eminently conspicuous services as a division commander."

Vol. VII
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Medal of Honor.

Distinguished Service Medal.

Colonel of Cavalry, May 15, 1917.

Major-General, National Army, Aug. 8, 1918.

At El Paso, Tex., commanding District, Aug. 29, 1919, to

Returned to Grade of Colonel, Mar. 15, 1920.

Brigadier-General, Recess Appointment, July 3, 1920.

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Mar. 5, 1921.

Sept. 9, 1921; at Fort Bliss, Tex., commanding 1st Cavalry Division, Sept. 10, 1921, to

Major-General, U. S. A., Dec. 30, 1922.

June 7, 1925; at Camp Hayes, Ohio, commanding 5th Corps Area, July 16, 1925, to Sept. 19, 1926.

Awarded Silver Star and cited "for gallantry in action against Spanish forces at the battle of Santiago, Cuba, July 1, 1898" and again, "for gallantry in action in the pursuit of superior forces of the enemy under the insurgent General Tinio, in Northern Luzon, P. I., Dec. 4‑18, 1899, through a most dangerous and difficult country, through hardships and exposure, thereby forcing the enemy to liberate 22 American prisoners held by him, Dec. 18, 1899."​a2

Died Sept. 19, 1926, at Columbus, Ohio: Aged 62.

Buried, West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY.

Thayer's Note:

a1 a2 See the autobiography of Adm. Robert E. Coontz, From the Mississippi to the Sea, p216. Gillmore was a Lieutenant, not a Lieutenant Commander.

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