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(Born W. Va.)
John L. Hines
(Ap'd W. Va.)
Born White Sulphur Springs, WV.a
Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. M. A., from Sept. 1, 1887 to June 12, 1891, when he was graduated and promoted in the army to
(Second Lieut. of Infantry, 2d Infantry, June 12, 1891)
(First Lieut. of Infantry, 2d Infantry, April 26, 1898)
— Camp G. H. Thomas, Ga., April 20 to May 9, 1898. — Acting Quartermaster, 2d Infantry, Tampa, Fla., and Santiago de Cuba, May 10 to Sept. 30, 1898. — With regiment at Camp Shipp, Ala., Nov. 25, 1898 to –––––; (Regimental Commissary, Aug. 31, 1899.)
Military History. — Served: With regiment at Camp Shipp, Ala., Nov. 25, 1898 to March 15, 1899; with regiment at Savannah, Ga., March 17, 1899 to May 25, 1899; Regimental , Aug. 31, 1899 to Dec. 4, 1900; with regiment, Cienfuegos and Rowell Barracks, Pasa Caballos, Cuba, Aug. 31, 1899 to July 19, 1900; Constructing Quartermaster, Disbursing Officer, Public Civil Funds, and in charge of street cleaning, repairs and building, Cienfuegos and Rowell Barracks, Cuba, Sept. 30, 1899 to July 19, 1900; Acting Depot Quartermaster, Cienfuegos, Cuba, April 5, 1899 to May 1, 1899 and Nov. 2 to Nov. 14, 1899; Acting Quartermaster, 2d Infantry, July 1, 1900 to Aug. 18, 1900; Quartermaster, Rowell Barracks, Cuba, July 1, 1900 to July 19, 1900; with regiment, Fort Thomas, Ky., July 20, 1900 to Aug. 27, 1900; commanding Provisional Recruit Company, aboard U. S. A. Transport Kilpatrick, en route New York to Manila, P. I., Nov. 13, 1900 to Jan. 1, 1901; with regiment (2d Infantry), Boac, Marinduque, P. I., Jan. 11, 1901 to May 1, 1901, scouting.
(Captain, 23d Infantry, Dec. 5, 1900)
— At Jolo, Jolo, P. I., May 1, 1900 to Sept. 27, 1901; aboard U. S. A. Transport Buford, Manila, P. I. to New York City, Sept. 28, 1901 to Dec. 1, 1901; at Plattsburg Barracks, N. Y., Dec. 1, 1901 to April 20, 1903; Quartermaster, 23d Infantry, Jan. 9, 1902 to Jan. 8, 1906; Quartermaster, Plattsburg Barracks, N. Y., Jan. 9, 1902 to April 20, 1903; en route to Manila, P. I., April 20, 1903 to June 3, 1903; Quartermaster, Malabang, P. I., June 4, 1903 to March 22, 1905; en route to U. S., May 17, 1905 to June 12, 1905; Quartermaster, Madison Barracks, N. Y. July 25, 1905 to March 31, 1906; Acting Quartermaster, 23d Infantry, Jan. 9, 1906 to March 31, 1906; Constructing Quartermaster, Madison Barracks, N. Y., Sept. 19, 1905 to June 23, 1906; D. S., Governor's Island, N. Y., June 24, 1906 to July 5, 1906; Chief Quartermaster, Maneuver Camp, Camp Roosevelt, Mount Gretna, Pa., July 5, 1906 to Sept. 22, 1906; D. S. Governor's Island, N. Y., Sept. 23, 1906 to Sept. 30, 1906; with regiment, Madison Barracks, N. Y., Oct. 1, 1906 to March 8, 1907; D. S., under Quartermaster-General, U. S. A., Nov. 25 to Dec. 1, 1907, Pine Plains, N. Y., securing option on territory for Maneuver Camp; Chief Quartermaster, Camp U. S. Troops, Jamestown Exposition, Norfolk, Va., March 8, 1907 to Dec. 22, 1907; Adjutant-General, U. S. Troops, Jamestown Exposition, Aug. 23, 1907 to Dec. 22, 1907; detailed in Quartermaster's Department, Sept. 28, ; D. S. at Canton, Ohio, Sept. 25, 1907 to Oct. 4, 1907; on Quartermaster duty during unveiling of monument to President McKinley; on duty at Madison Barracks, N. Y., Dec. 22, 1907 to Dec. 26, 1907; Depot Quartermaster and Assistant to Chief Quartermaster, Department of the Missouri, Jan. 6, 1908 to –––––; Acting Chief Quartermaster, Department of the Missouri, July 28, 1908 to Sept. 30, 1908; from Oct. 10, 1908 to May 8, 1909; from May 16, 1909 to May 29, 1909.
(John Leonard Hines, Born May 21, 1868.)
Military History. —
Captain, 23d Infantry, Dec. 5, 1900.
Captain and Quartermaster, by Detail, Sept. 28, 1907.
p601 Depot Quartermaster and Assistant to Chief Quartermaster, Department of the Missouri, Jan. 6, 1908, to Dec. 31, 1909; en route to Japan, via Manila, Jan. 1 to Feb. 20, 1910; Depot Quartermaster at Nagasaki, Japan, Feb. 20, 1910, to Sept. 28, 1911, when he was relieved from detail as Quartermaster;
(Assigned to 19th Infantry, Sept. 28, 1911)
en route to join 19th Infantry at Camp Jossman, Iloilo, P. I., Sept. 29 to Oct. 29, 1911; at Camp Jossman, Manila and Fort William McKinley, P. I., with regiment, Oct. 20, 1911, to May 10, 1912; en route to U. S. with regiment, May 10 to
(Major, 6th Infantry, May 23, 1912)
June 15, 1912; at Fort Meade, S. D., with regiment, to June 24, 1912; at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., with 6th Infantry, Sept. 6, 1912, to July 1, 1913; at San Francisco, Cal., Assistant to Department Adjutant, Western Department, July 7 to 12, 1913; Acting Adjutant, Western Department, July 13 to Dec. 31, 1913; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., student officer, Field Officers' Course, Army School of the Line, Jan. 1 to March 20, 1914; at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., with regiment, March 25 to April 24, 1914; at El Paso, Texas, with regiment, April 25 to
(Adjutant-General, by Detail, Nov. 21, 1914)
Nov. 30, 1914; (acting Adjutant, 8th Brigade, Aug. 12 to Sept. 12, 1914); Adjutant of 8th Brigade and of El Paso District, Dec. 5, 1914, to March 13, 1916; Adjutant of Punitive Expedition into Mexico, at Columbus, N. M., and at Colonia Dublan and Namaquipa, Mexico, March 15, 1916, to Feb. 8, 1917; (acting Chief of Staff, Punitive Expedition, Oct. 21 to Dec. 26, 1916); at El Paso, Texas, Assistant to Adjutant, El Paso District, Feb. 9 to 28, 1917; at Governor's Island, N. Y., Assistant to Adjutant General, Eastern Department, March 6 to May 15, 1917;
(Lieut.‑Colonel, Adjutant-General, May 15, 1917)
at Washington, D. C., on duty in War Department in connection with American Expeditionary Forces to France, May 15 to 27, 1917; en route to France with Hdqrs. A. E. F., May 28 to June 13; at London, Paris and Chaumont, France, Assistant to Adjutant-General, American Expeditionary Forces, May 28 to
(Colonel, Temporary, Adjutant-General, Aug. 5, 1917)
Oct. 28, 1917;
(Colonel, 16th Infantry, Oct. 28, 1917)
with regiment with 1st Division as follows: At Demange-aux‑Eaux, training, Nov. 1, 1917, to Jan. 14, 1918; at Rambucourt in Toul Sector, attached to 32nd French Corps, 1st French Army, Jan. 15 to March 15; at Menaucourt, training, March 15 to April 6; at Gironville and Lucey, reconnoitering Sector, March 29‑31; at various points in Chaumont-en‑Vexin Area to April 24; attached to 6th French Corps, 1st French Army, in Montdidier Sector, April 24‑26; at Broyes, April 26 to May 3, 1918;
(Brigadier-General, National Army, April 12, 1918)
assigned to 1st Brigade, (16th and 18th Infantry), 1st Division, A. E. F.; with Brigade at various points in Montdidier Sector, May 4 to July 18; in 2nd Battle of the Marne, near Soissons, Coeuvres, Dommiers, Chaudun, July 18‑23; at Nantouillet and Toul to Aug. 5; at Martincourt, Saizerais Sector, with 32nd Corps, 8th French Army, Aug. 6‑23;
(Major-General, U. S. A., Aug. 8, 1918)
assigned to 4th Division, A. E. F., and with Division at Reynel and Vavincourt, training, to Sept. 8; at Houdainville, St. Mihiel Offensive, 5th Corps, 1st Army, A. E. F., Sept. 9 to 18; at Leurmes, training to Sept. 24; in Argonne-Meuse Offensive, Sept. 25‑Nov. 11; at Montzeville, with 3d Corps, 1st Army, A. E. F., Sept. 25‑26; at Cuisy, Sept. 26 to Oct. 11; assigned to command of 3rd Army Corps Oct. 12; commanding 3rd Corps at Montzeville Oct. 12‑25; at Malancourt, Oct. 26‑Nov. 3; p602 at Romagne, Nov. 4‑9; at Dun-sur‑Meuse, Nov. 10‑17; 3rd Corps assigned to 3rd American Army, Nov. 17; on march to Rhine with Army of Occupation, (3rd American Army), via Longuyon, Longwy, France; Mamer, Junglingster, Echternach, Luxembourg; and Kyllburg, Daun and Polch to Neuwied, Germany, Nov. 18 to Dec. 15; commanding 3rd Army Corps, comprising Bridgehead Troops east of Rhine, from Dec. 15, 1918, to July 2, 1919; (3d Corps disbanded July 2, 1919); in Paris, at General Hdqrs., A. E. F., July 5 to Sept. 1, 1919; en route to U. S. to Sept. 7; at Camp Dodge, Iowa, commanding Camp and 4th Division, Nov. 1, 1919, to –––––
(Major-General, U. S. A., July 2, 1920)
Decorations: Citation of the French Group of Armies, North and Northeast, Marshal Pétain, carrying Croix de Guerre with Palm, Oct. 30, 1918; Jan. 14, 1918, decorated by Marshal Pétain with Order of Commandeur de la Legion d'Honneur, carrying with it Croix de Guerre with Palm; Jan. 17, 1919, awarded
Distinguished Service Medal
"for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services as regimental, brigade, division, and corps commander. He displayed marked ability in each of the important duties with which he was intrusted and exhibited in the operations near Montdidier and Soissons and in the St. Mihiel and Argonne-Meuse offensives his high attainments as a soldier and a commander."
Feb. 19, 1919, decorated by Belgian Government with Order of Commandeur, Ordre de Leopold; Commander of the Order of the Crown of Italy, by King Victor Emmanuel at Rome, Aug. 18, 1919; awarded medal of La Solidaridad of Panama; awarded
Distinguished Service Cross
"For extraordinary heroism in action near Berzy-le‑Sec, France, July 21, 1918. At a critical time during the battle southwest of Soissons, when liaison had been broken between the 16th Infantry and 26th Infantry, and repeated efforts to re‑establish it had failed, Gen. Hines, then in command of the 1st Infantry Brigade, personally went through terrific artillery fire to the front lines of the 16th Infantry, located its left flank, and, walking in front of the lines, encouraged the troops by his example of fearlessness and disregard of danger. He then succeeded in finding the right forward elements of the 26th Infantry and directed the linking up of the two regiments, thereby enabling the operations to be pushed forward successfully."
Military History. —
Distinguished Service Cross.
Distinguished Service Medal.
At Camp Dodge, Iowa, commanding Camp and 4th Division, Nov. 21, 1919, to Dec. 31, 1919; at Washington, D. C., on special detail, Jan. 1, 1920,
Major-General, U. S. A., Recess Appointment, July 1, 1920.
Recess Appointment Expired, Mar. 4, 1921.
Major-General, U. S. A., Mar. 5, 1921.
July 7, 1921; at Camp Travis, Tex., commanding Camp and 2nd Division, July 11, 1921, to Oct. 7, 1921; at Fort Sam Houston, Tex., commanding 8th Corps Area, Oct. 8, 1921, to Nov. 20, 1922; at Washington, D. C., Deputy Chief of Staff, U. S. Army, Dec. 5, 1922, to Sept. 13, 1924; and Chief of Staff, U. S. Army, Sept. 14, 1924, to Nov. 20, 1926; at Presidio of San Francisco, Calif., commanding 9th Corps Area, Dec. 31, 1926, to –––––
Awarded Silver Star and cited "for gallantry in action against Spanish forces at Santiago, Cuba, July 1, 1898."
Decorations: — Citation of the French Group of Armies, North and Northeast, Marshal Petain, carrying Croix de Guerre with palm, Oct. 30, 1918; decorated by Marshal Petain with the Order of the Commandeur de la Legion d'Honneur, carrying with it Croix de Guerre with palm, Jan. 14, 1919; Decorated by Belgium Government with the Order of Commandeur, Ordre de Leopold, Feb. 19, 1919; Decorated as Knight Commander, Order of St. Michael and St. George, (British) by General Plumer, Commanding 2nd British Army, at Cologne, Germany; Decorated Grand Officer of the Crown, (Italian) by King Victor Emmanuel of Italy, at Rome, Italy, Aug. 18, 1919; Awarded the Medal of the Solidaridad (Panama), at Paris, France, Aug. 28, 1919.
Military History: —
(Maj.‑Gen., Mar. 5, 1921.)
At Presidio of San Francisco, Calif., comdg. 9th C. A., Dec. 31, 1926, to Sept. 10, 1930; at Manila, P. I., comdg. Philippine Dept., Oct. 2, 1930, to Apr. 9, 1932; attending maneuvers in French Indo-China Jan. 17 to Feb. 10, 1931; en route to U. S., to May 2, 1932; on leave to May 31, 1932.
Maj.‑Gen, Ret., May 31, 1932.
Awarded Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Cambodia conferred by the Government of French Indo-China.
Military History: —
Maj Gen Ret 31 May 32;
Gen. Ret 15 Jun 40
Civil History: — 3740 Military Rd NW, Washington 15 DC
Died Oct. 13, 1968, Washington, D. C.: Aged 100.c
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
a Gen. Hines' birthplace is from his WPAOG obituary.
b The printed text has Fort Harrison, Neb. thruout. I am indebted, as often when it comes to forts and camps, to John Stanton of FortWiki, an expert in the matter, for the correction. He writes: "the post returns were in fact filed under Nebraska but examination of the actual post return shows that it was for Fort Harrison in Montana. It appears that this is a longstanding filing error that was replicated by Cullum."
c Gen. Hines' date and place of death are from his WPAOG obituary.
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