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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1904

Vol. V

(Born Ill.)

Robert Melville Danford

(Ap'd Ill.)


Born July 7, 1879, New Boston, IL.º

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, Aug. 1, 1900 to June 15, 1904, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

(Second Lieut., Artillery Corps)

 p724  Served: In the field artillery, at Fort Riley, Kas., from Sept. 15, 1904 to May 4, 1907; graduated from the Mounted Service School, at Fort Riley, Kas., 1907 to

(First Lieut., Artillery Corps, Jan. 25, 1907)

May 4, 1907; permanently assigned to the Coast Artillery, June 10, 1907; order of May 4, changed and permanently assigned to the field artillery and ordered to join the 5th Field Artillery in the Philippine Islands; on detached service with the coast artillery, from June 10, 1907 to Aug. 15, 1907, at the Presidio of San Francisco, Cal.; in the Philippine Islands, from Sept. 13, 1907 to April 5, 1908; Secretary of the Mounted Service School at Fort Riley, Kas., March 10, 1908; on this duty, June 20, 1908 to –––––.

Vol. VI
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

Military History. —

First Lieut., Artillery Corps, Jan. 25, 1907.

Assigned to 5th Field Artillery, June 6, 1907.

At Fort Riley, Kans., Secretary Mounted Service School, March 10, 1908, to June 30, 1912; (Aide-de‑Camp to Brigadier-General F. K. Ward July 1 to Dec. 4, 1910; at Lexington, Ky., on detached service, making Special Study of horses and horsebreeding, June 2 to Aug. 31, 1911); at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, with Battery, Oct. 3, 1912, to Jan. 24, 1915; (at Naco, Arizona, on border duty with Battery, Dec. 21, 1914, to Jan. 21, 1915); Instructor at School of Fire for Field Artillery, Sept. 1, 1914, to Dec. 5, 1915; at New Haven, Conn., Inspector-instructor, with organized Militia of Connecticut, Dec. 11, 1915, to

(Captain of Field Artillery, June 12, 1916)

Jan. 31, 1917; (Commissioned Major, National Guard of Connecticut, Dec. 11, 1915, and assigned to command of 10th Field Artillery, National Guard of Connecticut, consisting of six batteries, four of which were composed entirely of Yale students;​a in Federal service, commanding this regiment at Tobyhanna, Pa., July 15 to Sept. 12, 1916; discharged from National Guard Dec. 1, 1916); at Yale University, Professor of Military Science and Tactics, Feb. 1 to July 11, 1917; (Awarded Honorary Degree of Master of Arts, June 20, 1917); at Syracuse, N. Y., with 15th Field Artillery, July 12 and 13, 1917; at Allentown, Pa., mustering into Federal service a part of Pennsylvania National Guard, July 15 to 21, 1917; at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, Instructor at School of Fire for Field Artillery, July 25 to

(Major of Field Artillery, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)

(Lieut.‑Colonel of Field Artillery,
National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)

Aug. 5, 1917; at Washington, D. C., assigned to 42nd Division, Aug. 18 to 25, 1917; at Camp Devens, Mass., with 302nd Field Artillery, Aug. 28 to Oct. 16, 1917; at Plattsburg, N. Y., Senior Instructor of Field Artillery, at Second Officers' Training Camp, Oct. 17 to Nov. 29, 1917; at Camp Devens with 302nd Field Artillery, to Dec. 25, 1917; at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, commanding 129th Field Artillery, Dec. 28, 1917, to March 11, 1918; at Washington, D. C., in office of Chief of Field Artillery, March 14 to April 23, 1918; at Camp Jackson, S. C., organized and commanded Field Artillery Replacement Depot, April 24 to

(Colonel, Temporary, of Field Artillery, July 11, 1918)

(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Aug. 8, 1918)

Dec. 17, 1918; (commanding Camp from Aug. 29, 1918); at Washington, D. C., in office of Chief of Field Artillery, Dec. 18, 1918, to

(Honorably Discharged as Brigadier-General, Only, March 19, 1919)

May 22, 1919; in France with A. E. F., May 30 to July 30, 1919; at U. S. Military Academy, Commandant of Cadets, Aug. 16, 1919, to ––––

 p1093  Decorated by the King of Belgium with order of Officer of the Crown, Oct. 25, 1919.


Distinguished Service Medal

"For exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous service. While on duty in the Office of the Chief of Field Artillery he displayed marked ability in planning the organization of field artillery replacement depots; he then proceeded to Camp Jackson, S. C., established this depot, and administered it during the remainder of the war with rare ability and judgment."

Vol. VII
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Distinguished Service Medal.

Captain of Field Artillery, June 12, 1916.

Brigadier-General, Temporary, Aug. 8, 1918.

Returned to Grade of Captain, Mar. 10, 1919.

At U. S. Military Academy, Commandant of Cadets, Aug. 16, 1919, to

(Major of Field Artillery, Aug. 22, 1919.)

July 1, 1923; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., student officer, Command and General Staff School, Sept. 1, 1923, to June 20, 1924, when he was graduated; at Washington, D. C., in Office, Chief of Field Artillery, June 20, 1924, to

(Lieutenant-Colonel of Field Artillery, May 10, 1928.)

June 15, 1928; at Washington, D. C., student officer, Army War College, Aug. 15, 1928, to June 27, 1929, when he was graduated; en route to Hawaiian Department, Oct. 15, 1929, to Nov. 12, 1929; at Schofield Barracks, T. H., with 13th Field Artillery, Nov. 12, 1929, to ––––

Decorated by the King of Belgium with order of Officer of the Crown, Oct. 25, 1919.​b

[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: —

(Lt.‑Col. F. A., May 10, 1928)

At Schofield Bks., T. H., 13th F. A., Nov. 12, 1929 to Nov. 3, 1931; en route to station to Dec. 1, 1931; at Washington,  p156 D. C., Executive Off., O., C. of F. A., to Apr. 24, 1935; at Ft. Sill, Okla., student off., Refresher Course, F. A. School, May 1 to May 31, 1935; en route to station July 30, 1935, to

(Col. F. A., Aug. 1, 1935)

Aug. 28, 1935; at Schofield Bks., T. H., comdg. 13th F. A., to June 24, 1937; en route to station, to July 26, 1937; at Chicago, Ill., Member, G. S. C., and C. of S., 6th C. A., Aug. 28, 1937 to Mar. 26, 1938; at Washington, D. C.,


C. of F. A., to ––––

Vol. IX
[Supplement, Vol. IX: 1940‑1950]

Military History: —

(Col FA 1 Aug 35)

Washington DC,

(Maj Gen)

C of FA, 26 Mar 38-28 Feb 42.

(Maj Gen Ret 28 Feb 42, own request after 41 years' service)

Honorary Commander, Order of the British Empire

Civil History. — New York NY, under immediate direction of the Mayor, organized, commanded and demobilized the City Patrol Corps, the Civilian Defense Police Auxiliary of the City of New York, Apr 42-Sep 45; Pres, Assn of Graduates, USMA, Jun 42-Jun 44, and Jun 45-Jun 47; Secy-Treas and Exec Mgr, West Point Alumni Foundation Inc, and Editor, "Register of Graduates and Former Cadets, USMA," from initiation of project 26 Dec 45 –––––. 1120 Fifth Ave New York 28 NY

Died, Sept. 12, 1974: Aged 95.

Buried, West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY.

Thayer's Notes:

a The Yale Artillery Battalion: further details are given in R. D. Paine, The First Yale Unit, I.12‑13.

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b On the occasion of King Albert's whistle-stop visit to West Point on that day; details in W. A. Ganoe, MacArthur Close‑Up, pp65‑67.

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