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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1826

Vol. I

(Born Pa.)

Samuel P. Heintzelman

(Ap'd Pa.)


Samuel Peter Heintzelman: Born Sep. 30, 1805, Manheim, PA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1822, to July 1, 1826, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1826.

Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1826.

Served: in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1826‑27, — Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1827‑28, — and Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1828‑31; on Topographical duty, Apr. 6, 1832, to May 1, 1834; in garrison at Ft. Brady, Wis.,

(First Lieut., 2d Infantry, Mar. 4, 1833)

1834‑35; on Quartermaster duty in the Florida War, 1835‑37, — at Columbus, Ga., 1837‑38, — in the Florida War, 1838‑41, — investigating

(Capt., Staff — Asst. Quartermaster, July 7, 1838, to June 18, 1846)

(Captain, 2d Infantry, Nov. 4, 1838)

Florida Militia Claims, 1841‑42, — Buffalo, N. Y., 1843‑45, — Detroit, Mich., 1845‑46, — and Louisville, Ky., 1846‑47; on Recruiting service, 1847; in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48, being engaged in the Defense of Convoy from Vera Cruz, at Paso de las Ovejas, Sep. 12, 1847, — Combat of Huamantla, Oct. 9, 1847, — and Action of Atlixco, Oct. 19, 1847;

(Bvt. Major, Oct. 9, 1847,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Battle of Huamantla, Mex.)

in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., and Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1848; on voyage to California, 1848‑49; on frontier duty at San Diego, Cal., 1849‑50, — Ft. Yuma, Cal., 1850‑51, — San Diego, Cal., 1851, — Scouting, 1851, being engaged in the Skirmish of Coyote Cañon, Dec. 21, 1851, —

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., Dec. 19, 1851)

Ft. Yuma, Cal., 1851‑52, — Expedition against the Yuma Indians, which terminated hostilities, 1852, — Ft. Yuma, Cal., 1852‑53, — and in command of the Southern District of California, 1853‑54; on Recruiting service, 1854‑55; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1855; as

(Major, 1st Infantry, Mar. 3, 1855)

Superintendent of Western Recruiting Service, July 1, 1855, to July 1, 1857; on leave of absence, 1857‑59; on frontier duty at Ft. Duncan, Tex., 1859, — Camp Verde, Tex., 1859, — in command of operations on the Rio Grande against Cortinas' Mexican Marauders, Nov. 12, 1859, to Apr. 30, 1860, being engaged in the Combats near Ft. Brown, of Dec. 14 and 21, 1859, — Ft. Brown, Tex., 1860, — and Camp Verde, Tex., 1860; on leave of absence, 1860‑61; and as Superintendent of General Recruiting Service, Eastern Department, at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., Apr. 8 to May 8, 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: as Acting

(Colonel, 17th Infantry, May 14, 1861)

Inspector-General of the Department of Washington, May 8‑28, 1861,

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, May 17, 1861)

being in command of the forces which captured Alexandria, Va., and Arlington Heights, May 24, 1861; in the defenses of Washington, D. C. (commanding at Alexandria, Va.), May‑July, 1861; in the Manassas Campaign of July, 1861, being engaged in the Skirmish at Fairfax C. H., July 17, 1861, — and Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861, where he was wounded; in the defenses of Washington, D. C., Aug. 2, 1861, to Mar. 16, 1862; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, in command of 3d Corps (Army of the Potomac), Mar.‑Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Siege of  p373 Yorktown, Apr. 5-May 4, 1862, — Battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862,

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, May 5, 1862)

— Battle of Fair Oaks, May 31-June 1, 1862 (commanding 3d and 4th Army Corps), — Battle of Savage Station, June 29, 1862, — Battle of Glendale, June 30, 1862, where he was contused, — and Battle of Malvern

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, May 31, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct at the Battle of Fair Oaks, Va.)

Hill, July 1, 1862; in Northern Virginia Campaign, Aug.‑Sep., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Manassas, Aug. 29‑30, 1862, — and present at the Battle of Chantilly, Sep. 1, 1862; in command of the defenses of Washington, D. C., South of the Potomac, Sep. 9, 1862, to Feb. 2, 1863, — of the Department of Washington, and 22d Army Corps, Feb. 2 to Oct. 13, 1863, — and of the Northern Department, headquarters, Columbus, O., Jan. 12 to Oct. 1, 1864; in waiting orders at Wheeling, W. Va., Oct. 1 to Dec. 27, 1864; on Court-martial duty and awaiting

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Williamsburg, Va.)

orders, Dec. 27, 1864, to Aug. 24, 1865.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Aug. 24, 1865.

Served: in command of 17th Infantry, at Hart Island, N. Y., Sep. 29, 1865-Apr., 1866, — at San Antonio, Tex., Apr.‑May, 1866, — of Central District of Texas, headquarters at San Antonio, Tex., May 9 to Oct. 9, 1866, — of District of Texas, Oct. 9 to Nov. 20, 1866, — and of regiment and of the post of Galveston, Tex., Dec. 1, 1866, to May 19, 1867; on delay, May 19 to July 31, 1867; as Member of Examining Board, New York city, July 31 to Dec. 31, 1867, — and of Retiring Board, Jan. 3 to Nov. 9, 1868; and on leave of absence, Nov. 9, 1868, to Feb. 22, 1869.

Retired from Active Service, Feb. 22, 1869, with the Rank of Major-General,
he being over the Age of 62 Years.

Civil History. — President of Sonora Exploring and Mining Company, 1856‑59; of Defiance Mining Company, New York, 1869; of Mutual Guarantee Life Insurance Company, New York, 1870‑71; and of Emigration Company, Washington, D. C., 1873.

Died, May 1, 1880, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 74.

Buried, Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, NY.

Obituary Order.

Upon the death of General Heintzelman the General-in‑Chief of the Army issued the following order: —

"The General announces to the Army and the country the death of Major-General Samuel P. Heintzelman (retired), at his residence in this city, at one o'clock this morning, at the age of 75 years.

"Thus parts another link in that golden chain of memory which binds us to the past, and nought now remains of this noble soldier and gentleman except his example and the record of deeds which have contributed largely to the development and glory of his country in the last half century.

"Samuel P. Heintzelman was born at Manheim, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Sep. 30, 1805; entered the Military Academy at West Point, July 1, 1822; graduated in 1826; commissioned as Brevet 2d Lieutenant, 3d Infantry, and 2d Lieutenant, 2d Infantry, July 1, 1826. In this capacity he served on the Northern Frontier at Forts Gratiot, Mackinac, and Brady, when, on the 4th of March, 1833, he was appointed 1st Lieutenant, and served on Quartermaster's duty in Florida and the Creek country.

 p374  "On the 7th of July, 1838, he was commissioned as Captain of the Staff in the Quartermaster's Department, remaining in Florida till the close of that war in 1842, and in 1847 joined General Scott's army in Mexico, taking an active part in several engagements, for which he was brevetted Major, Oct. 9, 1847.

"In 1848‑49 he accompanied his regiment around Cape Horn to California, and for several years was very busily employed in what is now the Territory of Arizona, receiving the brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel for his conduct in the campaign against the Yuma Indians, which terminated hostilities in that quarter.

"Mar. 3, 1855, he was promoted to Major of the 1st Infantry, and served with that regiment on the Texas frontier, rendering most valuable service against the organized marauders under Cortinas, and contributing largely to the safety of that newly acquired region of our country.

"The Civil War of 1861 found him at Ft. Columbus, New York harbor, superintending the General Recruiting Service, and with the ardor of his nature, and with his whole soul and might, he embarked in that terrible conflict; first appointed Colonel of the new 17th Infantry, he was rapidly advanced to Brigadier and Major General, holding high and important commands throughout the entire war, attaining the rank of Major-General of Volunteers and Brevet Major-General of the Regular Army. A record of these services would pass the limits of this obituary notice, but when the war closed no name on our Register bore a more honorable record.

"On the 22nd of February, 1869, having attained the age of sixty-five, and having served continuously in the Army forty-five years, he voluntarily retired, as Major-General, and has since spent most of his time here in Washington till this bright day of May, 1880.

"General Heintzelman was a man of an intense nature, of vehement action, guided by sound judgment and a cultivated taste. Universally respected and beloved, at a ripe old age he leaves us, universally regretted. 'Well done, thou good and faithful servant!' May our end be as peaceful and as much deplored as his!

"The funeral will take place from his residence, No. 1123 Fourteenth Street, at 9 A.M. on Monday, May 3d, instant, and will be escorted to the Sixth Street Depot by a battalion of the Marine Corps and a battalion of the 2d Artillery. The commanding officer of the Artillery troops at the Washington Arsenal will detail an officer, a non-commissioned officer, and three men to accompany the remains to Buffalo, for final interment.

"The officers of the Army in this city are requested to attend the funeral ceremonies on Monday."

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Page updated: 16 Oct 13