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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1832

[image ALT: A photograph of a man in late middle age, seated in a high-back wooden chair. He wears the uniform of a 19c U. S. Army officer. He is of medium build, his hair is markdly receding but he sports a luxuriant moustache. He is missing his right leg, and the photograph is posed in such a way as to call attention to it rather than the reverse. He is General Randolph B. Marcy, the subject of this webpage.]

Vol. I

(Born Mas.)

Randolph B. Marcy​a

(Ap'd Mas.)


Randolph Barnes Marcy: Born Apr. 9, 1812, at Greenwich, MA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1828, to July 1, 1832, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1832.

Served: on frontier duty on "Black Hawk Expedition," 1832, but not at the seat of war,​b — at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1833‑37, — Ft. Winnebago,

(Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, Nov. 25, 1835)

(First Lieut., 5th Infantry, June 22, 1837)

Wis., 1837‑38, — Ft. Howard, Wis., 1838, — Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1838, — and Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1838; on Recruiting service, 1838; on frontier duty at Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1838‑40; on Recruiting service, 1840‑42; on frontier duty at Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1842‑45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845‑46; in the War with Mexico, 1846, being

(Captain, 5th Infantry, May 18, 1846, to Aug. 22, 1859)

engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846, — Battle of Resaca-de‑la‑Palma, May 9, 1846; on Recruiting service, 1846‑47; in garrison at East Pascagoula, Mis., 1848; on frontier duty at Ft. Towson, I. T., 1848‑49,​c — Santa Fé, N. M., 1849‑50, — Ft. Towson, I. T., 1850, — Camp Arbuckle, I. T., 1850‑51, — escorting Bvt. Brig.‑General Belknap  p522 while selecting sites for Posts, 1851, — Exploration of Red River Country, and preparing report thereon, Mar. 5, 1852, to Apr. 20, 1854, — Surveying lands for Texas Indians, 1854‑55, — Corpus Christi, Tex., 1855‑56, — Ft. McIntosh, Tex., 1856, — and Ft. Brown, Tex., 1856‑57; in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 1857, being engaged in Skirmish of Big Cypress Swamp, Apr. 23, 1857; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1857; on Utah Expedition, 1857‑58, — and, with a small escort, made a laborious march through snow and mountains to New Mexico, Nov. 24, 1857, to June 11, 1858, to procure animals; as Acting Inspector-General of the Department of Utah, June 12 to Aug. 4, 1858; on Special duty at New York, preparing the "Prairie Traveler,

(Major, Staff — Paymaster, Aug. 22, 1859)

— a Hand-Book for Overland Expeditions," 1859; and as Paymaster of the Northwestern Posts, 1859‑61.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66; as Chief of Staff of Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.McClellan, May 21, 1861, to Nov. 5, 1862,

(Col., Staff — Inspector-General, Aug. 9, 1861)

being engaged in the Campaign of Western Virginia, May‑July, 1861, — at Washington, D. C., July 27, 1861, to Mar. 10, 1862, — in the Virginia

(Brig‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Sep. 23, 1861, to Mar. 4, 1863)

Peninsular Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Mar.‑Aug., 1862, — and in the Maryland Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Sep.‑Nov., 1862; and on Inspection duties in the Departments of the "Northwest," "Missouri," "Arkansas," "Mississippi," and the "Gulf," July, 1863, to

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and Meritorious Services in the Field during the Rebellion)

(Bvt. Major-General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and Meritorious Services in the Field during the Rebellion)

Sep. 20, 1865; on leave of absence and awaiting orders, Sep. 20, 1865, to Sep. 3, 1866.

Served: as Inspector-General of the Division of the Missouri, Sep. 28, 1866, to Mar. 8, 1869, and at Headquarters of the Army, Mar. 8, 1869,

(Brig.‑General, Staff — Inspector-General, U. S. Army, Dec. 12, 1868)

and as President of Army Regulation Board to Jan. 2, 1881.

Retired from Active Service, Jan. 2, 1881, at his own request, having Served over 40 Years.

Civil History. — Author of the "Prairie Traveler," 1859, — of "Thirty Years of Army Life on the Border," 1866, — and of "Border Reminiscences," 1871.

Died, Nov. 22, 1887, at Orange, N. J.: Aged 76.

Buried, Riverview Cemetery, Trenton, NJ.

Thayer's Notes:

a Although the photograph of Gen. Marcy is clearly posed in such a way as to call attention to his missing leg, I've been unable so far to discover how he came to lose it. If you know, please drop me a line.

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b The phrase "but not at the seat of war" occurs frequently in the Register in connection with the Black Hawk War; the explanation in most cases is the one given in the biographical sketch of James Monroe (q.v.).

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c Post returns show him commanding Fort Towson Nov. 3, 1848 to Mar. 26, 1849. Thanks to John Stanton at FortWiki for the heads‑up.

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Page updated: 24 Dec 21