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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1836

Vol. I

(Born Pa.)

John F. Roland

(Ap'd Pa.)


John Frederick Roland: Born Jan. 13, 1818, New Holland, PA.​a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1832, to July 1, 1836, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1836.

Served: in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836‑38,

(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 4, 1836)

being engaged in the Battle of Wahoo Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836; in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while transferring the Indians to the West; on

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, Jul. 7, 1838)

the Northern Frontier at Buffalo, N. Y., 1838‑40, 1841, during Canada Border Disturbances; on Recruiting service, 1840‑41; in garrison at Ft.  p644 Monroe, Va., 1841‑42; on Recruiting service, 1842; in command of Music Boys at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1842‑44, and of Recruiting Depot, 1844; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1844‑45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845‑46; in the War with Mexico, 1846‑47, being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846, — Battle of Resaca-de‑la‑Palma,

(Bvt. Captain, May 9, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct
in the Battles of Palo Alto and Resaca-de‑la‑Palma, Tex.)

May 9, 1846, — Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21‑23, 1846; on Recruiting

(Bvt. Major, Sep. 23, 1846,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Battle of Monterey, Mex.)

service, 1847; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1847; in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1848, — and Savannah,

(Captain, 2d Artillery, Mar. 3, 1847)

Ga., 1848‑49; in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 1849‑50; and in garrison at Ft. Moultrie, S. C., 1850‑52, — and Castle Pinckney, S. C., 1852.

Died, Sep. 28, 1852, at Castle Pinckney, S. C.: Aged 35.​b

Buried, Trinity Lutheran Cemetery, New Holland, PA.

Thayer's Notes:

a Capt. Roland's full name is from Heitman's Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army. His birth data are from his tombstone (q.v.)

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b Capt. Roland's obituary in the National Intelligencer, Oct. 2, 1852, provides a bit more detail:

Died: on Sep. 28, at Castle Pinckney, Charleston harbor, S C, Brevet Maj John F Roland, capt in the 2nd Regt of U S Artl, aged 35 years. The deceased was a native of Pa, & entered the service of his country at age 14, as a Cadet of the U S Military Academy; was promoted to a commission in the regt of which he was a member, & served in it to the present time. At the battles of Palo Alto & Resaca de la Palma he was the senior lt of Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Duncan's celebrated battery, & commanded the section which, under the orders of his capt, did so much towards securing the triumph of American arms on May 8. At Monterey Lt Roland commanded & served the howitzer which contributed powerfully to the expulsion of the enemy from Obispado. He was breveted to the grades of Capt & Maj. By his death his country has lost a gallant & faithful officer.

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Page updated: 24 Mar 15