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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1837

Vol. I

(Born Mas.)

Joseph Hooker​a

(Ap'd Mas.)


Born Nov. 13, 1814, Hadley, MA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1833, to July 1, 1837, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1837.

Served: in the Florida War, 1837‑38; on Maine Frontier, at Houlton,

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Nov. 1, 1838)

1838, pending "Disputed Territory" controversy; on the Northern Frontier during Canada Border Disturbances, at Swanton, Vt., 1838‑39, — and Rouse's Point, N. Y., 1839‑40; on the Maine Frontier, 1840, pending "Disputed Territory" controversy; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1840‑41; at the Military Academy, as Adjutant, July 1 to Oct. 3, 1841; as Adjutant, 1st Artillery, at Regimental headquarters, Sep. 1, 1841, to May 11, 1846; in the War with Mexico, 1846‑48, on the Staff of Brig.‑General P. F. Smith, 1846, — on the staff of Brig.‑General Hamar, 1846, — as Aide-de‑Camp to Major-General Butler, 1847, — and Asst. Adjutant-General of Major-General Pillow's Division, 1847‑48, being engaged in the Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21‑23, 1846, — Defense of

(Bvt. Capt., Sep. 23, 1846,
for Gallant Conduct in the several Conflicts at Monterey, Mex.)

convoy at the National Bridge, June 11, 1847, — Skirmish of La Hoya,

(Bvt. Capt., Staff — Asst. Adjutant-Gen., Mar. 3, 1847)

(Bvt. Major, June 11, 1847,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct
in the Affair at the National Bridge, Mex.)

June 20, 1847, — Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19‑20, 1847, — Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, — Battle of Molino del Rey, Sep. 8, 1847, — and Storming of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847; as Asst. Adjutant-General

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Colonel, Sep. 13, 1847,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Battle of Chapultepec, Mex.)

of 6th Military Department, Sep. 13 to Oct. 28, 1848, — and of Pacific

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Oct. 29, 1848: Vacated, Oct. 29, 1848)

Division, June 9, 1849, to Nov. 24, 1851; and on leave of absence, 1851‑53.

Resigned, Feb. 21, 1853.

Civil History. — Farmer, near Sonoma, Cal., 1853‑58. Superintendent of Military Roads in Oregon (from Scottsburg to Myrtle Creek, and from Myrtle Creek to Camp Stewart), 1858‑59. Colonel, California Militia, 1859‑61.

Military History. — Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in the defenses of Washington, D. C., Aug. 12, 1861, to

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, May 17, 1861)

Dec., 1861; in guarding the Lower Potomac, Dec., 1861, to Mar. 10, 1862; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, commanding division (Army of the Potomac), Mar.‑Aug. 1862, being engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5-May 4, 1862, — Battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, — Battle

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, May 5, 1862)

 p686  of Fair Oaks, June 1, 1862, — Combat on Williamsburg Road, June 25, 1862, — Battle of Glendale, June 30, 1862, — Battle of Malvern Hill, July 1, 1862, — and Re-occupation and Action of Malvern Hill, Aug. 5, 1862; in the Northern Virginia Campaign, in command of division, being engaged in the Action of Bristoe Station, Aug. 27, 1862, — Battle of Manassas, Aug. 29‑30, 1862, — and Battle of Chantilly, Sep. 1, 1862; in command of 1st Corps (Army of the Potomac), Sep. 6‑17, 1862, in Maryland Campaign, being engaged in the Battle of South Mountain, Sep. 14, 1862, — and Battle of Antietam, Sep. 16‑17, where he was severely

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Sep. 20, 1862)

wounded; on sick leave of absence, disabled by wound, Sep. 18 to Nov. 10, 1862; in the Rappahannock Campaign, in command of 5th Corps, Nov. 10, of Centre Grand Division (3d and 5th Corps), Nov. 16, 1862, and of the Army of the Potomac, Jan. 26, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, — Action at Kelley's Ford, Mar. 17, 1863, — and Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2‑4, 1863; in pursuit of the enemy to Pennsylvania till June 28, 1863, when he relinquished the command of the Army of the Potomac,​1 which was engaged in the Action of Brandy Station, June 9, 1863, — and Skirmishes at Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville, Va., June 17‑21, 1863; in waiting orders at Baltimore, Md., June 28 to Sep. 24, 1863; in command of 11th and 12th Army Corps, Sep. 24, 1863 (consolidated, and designated 20th Army Corps, Apr., 1864), in operations against Chattanooga, Oct., 1863, to May, 1864, being engaged in the Combat of Lookout Valley, Oct. 27‑28, 1863, — Capture of Lookout Mountain, Nov. 24, 1863, — Battle of Missionary Ridge, Nov. 25, 1863, — and Combat of Ringgold, Ga., Nov. 27, 1863; in the Invasion of Georgia, commanding 20th Corps (Army of the Cumberland), May 2 to July 30, 1864, being engaged in the Combat of Mill Creek Gap, May 8, 1864, — Battle of Resaca, May 14‑15, 1864, — Action of Cassville, May 19, 1864, — Battle of New Hope Church, May 25, 1864, — Movement, with almost daily severe engagements, against Pine Mountain, May 26 to July 2, 1864, — Pursuit of the enemy, with frequent skirmishes, to the Chattahoochee, which was crossed July 17, 1864, — Actions near Atlanta, July 18‑19, 1864, — Combat of Peach Tree Creek, July 20, 1864, — and Siege of Atlanta, July 22‑30, 1864; in waiting orders, July 30 to Sep. 28, 1864; in command of Northern Department, headquarters at Cincinnati, O., Sep. 28, 1864, to July 5, 1865, — of Department of the East, headquarters, New York city,

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Chattanooga, Ten.)

July 8, 1865 to Aug. 6, 1866, — and of Department of the Lakes, headquarters, Detroit, Michigan, Aug. 23, 1866, to June 1, 1867.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Sep. 1, 1866.

Served: as Member of Board for Retiring Disabled Officers, Nov. 27, 1865, to Aug. 30, 1866; and on sick leave of absence, June 1, 1867, to Oct. 15, 1868.

Retired from Active Service, at his own request, Oct. 15, 1868,
as Major-General, for Disability contracted in the Line of Duty.

Died, Oct. 31, 1879, at Garden City, N. Y.: Aged 64.

Buried, Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH.

Obituary Order.

Upon the death of General Hooker, the General-in‑Chief of the U. S. Army issued the following order: —

 p687  "The death of Major-General Joseph Hooker, U. S. Army, retired, which took place at Garden City, Long Island, on the 31st ultimo, is announced to the Army.

"In announcing the decease of this gallant veteran, honored with thanks of Congress for 'skill, energy, and endurance,' the General takes occasion to recall to the memory of the Army the distinguished services rendered by General Hooker through the War with Mexico, as well as in the late war. His gallantry in the former gave promise of that superior courage, vigor, and skill in action which has since characterized him.

"It is not necessary here to narrate his achievements; they are matters of familiar history, and his soldierly deeds may well excite the admiration and emulation of his surviving comrades.

"In honor to his memory, the Commanding General Military Division of the Atlantic will cause minute-guns to be fired at Fort Columbus and the flag to be displayed at half-staff during the funeral ceremonies in New York City. The like honors will be paid at Newport Barracks, Kentucky, on the day of interment in Cincinnati. The officers of the retired list are requested to wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days."

The Author's Note:

1 Received the thanks of Congress, Jan. 28, 1864, "for the skill, energy, and endurance which first covered Washington and Baltimore from the meditated blow of the advancing and power­ful army of rebels led by General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Robert E. Lee."

Thayer's Note:

a A long biographical sketch of him by Milton H. Shutes is also onsite, covering much of his civilian life and his life in California as well: "Fighting Joe" Hooker (California Historical Society Quarterly, XII, pp304‑320).

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Page updated: 21 Apr 17