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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1838

Vol. I

(Born Pa.)

Andrew J. Smith

(Ap'd Pa.)


Andrew Jackson Smith: Born Apr. 28, 1815, Bucks County, PA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1834, to July 1, 1838, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 1st Dragoons, July 1, 1838.

Served: at Carlisle Barracks, Pa. (Cavalry School for Practice), 1838‑39; on Recruiting service, 1839‑40; on frontier duty, in Expedition to the Pottawatomie Country, 1840, — Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1840‑41, — Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1841, — Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1841‑42, — Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1842, — Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1842‑43, 1843‑45, —

(First Lieut., 1st Dragoons, Mar. 4, 1845)

Expedition to the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, 1845, — and Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1845‑46; in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48, in garrison at San Diego, Cal., 1848; on frontier duty at San Francisco, Cal.,

(Captain, 1st Dragoons, Feb. 16, 1847)

1848‑49, — and Sonoma, Cal., 1849; on Recruiting service, 1849‑53; on frontier duty at Ft. Orford, Or., 1853, — Rogue River Expedition, 1853, — Ft. Lane, Or., 1853‑55, — Oregon Hostilities, 1855, being engaged in Skirmish at Cow Creek, Or., Oct. 31, 1855, — Ft. Lane, Or., 1855‑56, — Rogue River Expedition, being engaged with hostile Indians in several skirmishes, Mar.‑June, 1856, — and Ft. Yamhill, Or., 1856‑57; on Oregon War Claims Commission, 1857‑58; on Recruiting service, 1858; and on frontier duty at Ft. Walla Walla, Wash., 1858‑59, — Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1859‑60, — Oregon Hostilities, 1860, being engaged against Snake Indians in Skirmishes near Harney Lake, May 24, 1860, and near Owyhee River, June 23, 1860, — Ft. Walla Walla, Wash., 1860‑61, — and march to Nez Percé Agency, 1861.

Major, 1st Dragoons, May 13, 1861: 1st Cavalry, Aug. 3, 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: as Chief

(Colonel, 2d California Cavalry Volunteers, Oct. 2, 1861)

of Cavalry, Department of the Missouri, Feb. 11 to Mar. 11, 1862, and of the Department of the Mississippi, Mar. 11 to July 11, 1862, being

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 17, 1862)

engaged in the advance upon and Siege of Corinth, Apr. 15 to May 30, 1862, including several skirmishes; in command of the troops in Covington, Ky., and vicinity (Department of the Ohio), Sep. 9-Oct. 9, 1862; in command of division, in movements through Kentucky, Oct.‑Nov., 1862, — at Memphis, Ten., Nov. 28 to Dec. 21, 1862, — on the Expedition to Yazoo River, Dec., 1862, being engaged in the Assault of Chickasaw Bluffs, Dec. 27‑29, 1862, — and on Expedition to Arkansas Post, which was carried by assault, Jan. 11, 1863; in the Vicksburg Campaign, Jan.‑July, 1863, commanding division, 13th Army Corps, being engaged in the Advance to Grand Gulf, Apr. 15‑30, 1863, — Battle of Port Gibson, May 1, 1863, — Battle of Champion Hills, May 16, 1863, — Battle of Big Black River, May 17, 1863, — Assaults on Vicksburg, May 19 and 22, and Siege of the place, May 22 to July 4, 1863, — and Capture of Jackson, Mis., July 16, 1863; in command of 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, and District of Columbus, Ky., Aug. 5, 1863, to Jan. 21, 1864; in command of 3d Division, 16th Army Corps, Jan. 24 to Mar. 6, 1864, in the Department of the Tennessee; in the Red River Campaign, commanding detachments of the 16th and 17th Army Corps, Mar. 6 to May 22, 1864, being engaged in the Assault and Capture of Ft. De Russy, Mar. 14, 1864, — Battle of Pleasant Hill, Apr. 9, 1864, — Action at Cane

(Bvt. Colonel, Apr. 10, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Pleasant Hill, La.)

 p725  River, Apr. 23‑24, 1864, — and in covering the Retreat of General Banks's

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 5th Cavalry, May 9, 1864)

Army, with almost daily heavy skirmishing, May 14‑22, 1864; in command

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, May 12, 1864)

of Right Wing, 16th Army Corps, in Operations in Mississippi and Tennessee, June to Sep., 1864, being engaged in the Action near Lake Village, Mis., June 6, 1864, — Action near Tupelo, Mis., July 14, 1864, — and on Expedition from Memphis to Holly Springs, Aug. 4‑30, 1864; in Operations in Missouri, and covering St. Louis from a threatened attack by General Price, Sep.‑Nov., 1864; in command of detachment of the Army of the Tennessee in Major-General Thomas's Campaign against the Rebels under General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Hood, Dec. 1864, to Jan., 1865, being engaged in the Battle of Nashville, Dec. 15‑16, 1864, — and pursuit of the enemy to Pulaski, Dec. 16‑28, 1864; in the movement from Eastport, Mis., via Cairo, to New Orleans, La., Feb. 6‑21, 1865; in command of 16th Army Corps, Feb. 18‑July 20, 1865; in the Mobile Campaign, Mar. 7 to

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Tupelo, Mis.)

Apr. 13, 1865, being engaged in the Siege of Spanish Fort, Mar. 27 to

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Battle of Nashville, Ten.)

Apr. 8, 1865, and in reserve during the Storming of Blakely, Apr. 9, 1865, — movement on Montgomery, Ala., Apr. 13‑25, 1865, — and occupation of Montgomery, making detachments to various points in Alabama, Apr. 25 to Aug. 8, 1865; in command of the District of Montgomery, Ala., Aug. 8 to Oct. 25, 1865, — and of District of Western Louisiana, Oct. 27, 1865, to Jan. 15, 1866; in waiting orders, Jan. 15 to Mar. 10,

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Jan. 15, 1866)

1866; on board for the recommendation of Officers for Brevet Promotions, Mar. 10 to June 22, 1866; on leave of absence and awaiting orders, June 22 to Sep. 25, 1866.

Colonel, 7th Cavalry, July 28, 1866.

Served: in command of District of Upper Arkansas, Nov. 25, 1866, to Sep., 1867, and of the Department of Missouri, Sep. 14, 1867, to Mar. 2, 1868; and on leave of absence, Mar. 2, 1868, to May 6, 1869.

Resigned, May 6, 1869.

Civil History. — U. S. Postmaster at St. Louis, Mo., April 3, 1869, to –––––. Unknown since 1870, no authentic information having been received.

Military History. — Re-appointed, by Law of Dec. 24, 1888, in the Army,

Colonel of Cavalry, Jan. 22, 1889,

and the same day placed upon the Retired List.

[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Vol. IV
Died, Jan. 28, 1897, at St. Louis, Mo.: Aged 82.

See Annual Association of Graduates U. S. M. A., 1897, for an obituary notice.​a

Buried, Bellefontaine Cemetery, St. Louis, MO.

Thayer's Note:

a See also Bernard DeVoto's assessment of the man and the difficult task he faced, in The Year of Decision: 1846, pp313‑318.

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Page updated: 4 Mar 21