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Bill Thayer

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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1838

Vol. I

(Born Pa.)

Charles F. Ruff

(Ap'd Pa.)


Charles Frederick Ruff: Born Oct. 10, 1818, Philadelphia, PA.​a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1834, to July 1, 1838, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 1st Dragoons, July 1, 1838.

Served: at Carlisle Barracks, Pa. (Cavalry School for Practice), 1838‑39; on recruiting service, 1839; and on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1839‑40, — Liberty Arsenal, Mo., 1840, — Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1840‑41, — Osage Country, 1841, — Ft. Atkinson, Io., 1842,​bFt. Sanfordº, Io., 1843, — and march to Ft. Des Moines, Io., 1843.

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1843.

Civil History. — Counselor at Law, Liberty, Mo., 1843‑46.

Military History. — Served: on Recruiting service, 1846; in the

(Lieut.‑Colonel, Missouri Volunteers, June 18, 1846)

War with Mexico, 1846‑48, being engaged in the Army of the West in

(Captain, Mounted Rifles, July 7, 1846)

New Mexico, 1846, — Skirmish at San Juan de los Llanos, Aug. 1, 1847,

(Bvt. Major, Aug. 1, 1847,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Affair at San Juan de los Llanos, Mex.)

— Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19‑20, 1847, — Battle of Molino del Rey, Sep. 8, 1847, where he was wounded, — Battle of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847, — and Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, Sep. 13‑14, 1847; on frontier duty at Ft. Kearny, Neb., 1848‑49, — March to Oregon, 1849, — Oregon City, 1849‑50, — Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1850‑51; in purchasing and inspecting horses at Cincinnati, O., 1851‑52; as Superintendent of Cavalry Recruiting Service, Oct. 1, 1852, to Oct. 1, 1853; in command of Cavalry School for Practice, at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1853‑55; on frontier duty at Ft. Clark, Tex., 1855, — Scouting, 1855‑56, — and San Antonio, Tex., 1856; on leave of absence, 1856‑58; on frontier

(Major, Mounted Rifles, Dec. 30, 1856)

 p729  duty, on Navajo Expedition, 1858‑59, — Ft. Stanton, N. M., 1859, — Ft. Defiance, N. M., 1859, — Ft. Stanton, N. M., 1859‑60, — Comanche Expedition, 1860, — Ft. Union, N. M., 1860, — and Albuquerque, N. M., 1860; and as bearer of despatches to the War Department, 1860‑61.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑63; as Mustering Officer at Philadelphia, Pa., Apr. 15, 1861, to Apr. 29, 1863: as

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 3d Cavalry, June 10, 1861)

Acting Inspector-General of the Department of the Susquehanna, Pa., June 29 to Sep. 25, 1863; and awaiting orders from Sep. 29, 1863 (when the prosecution of the Court Martial, before which he was arraigned, was abandoned) to Mar. 25, 1864,

Retired from Active Service, Mar. 30, 1864, for Disability,
resulting from Disease and Exposure in the Line of Duty.

Bvt. Colonel, and Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army,º Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and Meritorious Services in Recruiting the Armies of the United States.

Served: on Courts Martial, Aug. 23, 1867, to Feb., 1868; as Judge Advocate of the Department of the East, Feb.‑June, 1868, and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, June‑July, 1868; and as Professor of Military Science at the University of Pennsylvania, July 3, 1868, to Feb. 21, 1870.

Died, Oct. 1, 1885, at Philadelphia, Pa.: Aged 68.

Buried, Mount Moriah Cemetery, Philadelphia, PA.

Thayer's Notes:

a Lt.‑Col. Ruff's full name and birth data are from his AOG obituary.

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b At Fort Atkinson, he was one of the peacekeepers ensuring orderly proceedings at the 1842 treaty negotiations with the Sac and Fox Indians: see Iowa Journal of History and Politics, XIV.511, in which he is mentioned.

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Page updated: 4 Jul 14