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Bill Thayer

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This webpage reproduces part of
Illinois in 1818

Solon J. Buck

in the sesquicentennial edition,
University of Illinois Press
Urbana, Chicago, and London 1967

The text is in the public domain.

This page has been carefully proofread
and I believe it to be free of errors.
If you find a mistake though,
please let me know!

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This site is not affiliated with the US Military Academy.

 p321  Bibliography

No attempt has been made to make this a complete bibliography of the subject. It is primarily a list of works referred to in the notes, and is included for the purpose of enabling the reader to identify those works and to determine the editions used.


American Fur Company Letter Book, 1816‑20. Manuscript at Mackinac. Photostatic copy in Illinois Historical Survey.

Auditor of Public Accounts, Springfield, Land Office Records.

Chicago Historical Society Manuscripts: vols. 49, 50, 51, Edwards papers; vols. 52, 53, E. K. Kane papers.

Deed Record, A, in Pope County.

Draper Manuscripts, 1816‑20. Originals in library of State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Photostatic copies of documents used in Illinois Historical Survey.

Eddy Manuscripts, Shawneetown, Illinois. Transcripts in Illinois Historical Survey.

George Knight to Charles Knight, June 21, 1818. Transcript in Illinois Historical Survey.

House Files. Archives of the United States House of Representatives, Washington. Photostatic copies of documents used in Illinois Historical Survey.

Indian Office Papers. Archives of the United States Indian Office, Washington. Photostatic copies of documents used in Illinois Historical Survey.

Messinger Manuscripts. Transcripts in Illinois Historical Survey.

Secretary of State, Springfield, Census Schedules; Correspondence; Executive Files, 1790‑1821; Executive Register, 1818‑32; manuscript journal of the legislative council, 1817‑18; Miscellaneous Assembly Papers.

United States State Department, Bureau of Indexes and Archives, Miscellaneous Letters; Bureau of Rolls and Library, Papers and Records. Photostatic copies of documents used in Illinois Historical Survey.

Other Sources

Alvord, Clarence W. (ed.), Cahokia Records (Illinois State Historical Library, Collections, vol. 2, Springfield, 1907).

Alvord, Clarence W., Illinois: The Origins (Military Tract Papers, no. 3, Pontiac, 1910).

Alvord, Clarence W. (ed.), Laws of the Territory of Illinois, 1809‑1811 (Illinois State Historical Library, Bulletin 1, no. 2. Springfield, 1906).

 p322  American State Papers, 38 volumes (Washington, 1832‑61).

Andreas, A. T., History of Chicago, from the Earliest Period to the Present Time, 3 volumes (Chicago, 1884).

Annals of Congress, 42 volumes (Washington, 1834‑56).

Babcock, Rufus (ed.), Memoir of John Mason Peck, D. D. (Philadelphia, 1864).

Bailey, John R., Mackinac, Formerly Michilimackinac (Lansing, 1895).

Bancroft, Hubert H., History of the Northwest Coast, 2 volumes (San Francisco, 1884).

Biographical Review of Johnson, Massac, Pope, and Hardin Counties, Illinois (Chicago, 1893).

Birkbeck, Morris, Letters from Illinois (Philadelphia, 1818).

Birkbeck, Morris, Notes on a Journey in America, from the Coast of Virginia to the Territory of Illinois (London, 1818).

Blair, Emma H. (ed.), The Indian Tribes of the Upper Mississippi Valley and Region of the Great Lakes as Described by Nicholas Perrot, French Commandant in the Northwest; Bacqueville de la Potherie, French Royal Commissioner to Canada; Morrell Marston, American Army Officer; and Thomas Forsyth, United States Agent at Fort Armstrong, 2 volumes (Cleveland, 1911‑1912).

Boggess, Arthur C., The Settlement of Illinois, 1778‑1830 (Chicago Historical Society, Collections, vol. 5, Chicago, 1908).

Brown, Samuel R., The Western Gazetteer; or Emigrant's Directory, Containing a Geographical Description of the Western States and Territories (Auburn, New York, 1817).

Brown, William H., "Early History of Illinois," in Fergus Historical Series, no. 14.

Brown, William H., "An Historical Sketch of the Early Movement in Illinois for the Legalization of Slavery," in Fergus Historical Series, no. 4 (Chicago, 1876).

Buck, Solon J., Travel and Description 1765‑1865; Together with a List of County Histories, Atlases, and Biographical Collections and a List of Territorial and State Laws (Illinois State Historical Library, Collections, vol. 9. Springfield, 1914).

Chittenden, Hiram M., The American Fur Trade of the Far West. A History of the Pioneer Trading Posts and Early Fur Companies of the Missouri Valley and the Rocky Mountains and of the Overland Commence with Santa Fé, 3 volumes (New York, 1902).

Churchill, George, "Annotations" on Rev. Thomas Lippincott's "Early Days in Madison County," published in the Alton Telegraph in 1865. Scrapbook in possession of W. T. Norton of Alton. Transcripts in Illinois Historical Survey.

Dana, Edmund, Geographical Sketches of the Western Country; Designed for Emigrants and Settlers: Being the Result of Extensive Researches and Remarks (Cincinnati, 1819).

 p323  Darby, William, The Emigrant's Guide to the Western and Southwestern States and Territories; Comprising a Geographical and Statistical Description of the States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio; — the Territories of Alabama, Missouri, Illinois, and Michigan (New York, 1818).

Dowrie, George W., The Development of Banking in Illinois, 1817‑1863 (University of Illinois, Studies in the Social Sciences, vol. 2, no. 4. Urbana, 1913).

Dunn, Jacob P., Jr., Indiana, a Redemption from Slavery (American Commonwealth series, Boston, 1905).

Edwards, Ninian W., History of Illinois, from 1778 to 1833; and Life and Times of Ninian Edwards (Springfield, 1870).

Edwardsville Spectator, 1819‑26 (Edwardsville, Illinois). Files in Library of Congress. Photostatic copies in Illinois Historical Survey.

Erwin, Milo, History of Williamson County, Illinois, from the Early Times, down to the Present, 1876 (Marion, Illinois, 1876).

Fearon, Henry B., Sketches of America. A Narrative of a Journey of Five Thousand Miles Through the Eastern and Western States of America (London, 1819).

Flower, George, History of the English Settlement in Edwards County, Illinois. With Preface and Foot-notes by E. B. Washburne (Chicago Historical Society, Collections, vol. 1. Chicago, 1882).

Ford, Thomas, A History of Illinois, from Its Commencement as a State in 1818 to 1847 (Chicago, 1854).

Harris, Norman D., History of Negro Slavery in Illinois and of the Slavery Agitation in That State (Chicago, 1906).

Harris, William T., Remarks Made During a Tour Through the United States of America in the Years, 1817, 1818, and 1819 (London, 1821).

History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin, and Williamson Counties, Illinois (Chicago, 1887).

History of Madison County, Illinois (Edwardsville, Illinois, 1882).

History of Marion and Clinton Counties, Illinois (Philadelphia, 1881).

History of St. Clair County, Illinois (Philadelphia, 1881).

History of Wayne and Clay Counties, Illinois (Chicago, 1884).

Hodge, Frederick W. (ed.), Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, 2 volumes (Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 30. Washington, 1907‑10).

Hubbard, Gurdon S., The Autobiography of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard, Pa‑pa-ma-ta‑be "The Swift Walker" (Chicago, 1911).

Hubbard, Gurdon S., Incidents and Events in the Life of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard. Collected from Personal Narrations and Other Sources and Arranged by His Nephew, Henry E. Hamilton (Chicago, 1888).

 p324  Hurlbut, Henry H., Chicago Antiquities: Comprising Original Items and Relations, Letters, Extracts, and Notes, Pertaining to Early Chicago (Chicago, 1881).

Illinois, Bluebook, 1905 (Springfield, 1906); 1913‑14 (Danville, 1914).

Illinois, "Journal of the Convention, 1818." The only known copy, in the office of the secretary of state, Springfield, contains pp3 to 72 inclusive only, the title page and a few pages at the end having been torn out. It is reprinted, with an introduction by Richard V. Carpenter, in Illinois State Historical Society, Journal, 6:327‑425.

Illinois, Journal of the House of Representatives, 1818 (Kaskaskia, 1818); 1819 (Kaskaskia, 1819).

Illinois, Journal of the Senate, 1818 (Kaskaskia, 1818); 1819 (Kaskaskia, 1819).

Illinois, Laws, 1819 (Kaskaskia, 1819); 1820‑21 (Vandalia, 1821).

Illinois Emigrant, December, 1818 – September, 1819 (Shawneetown, Illinois). [Continued as Illinois Gazette, 1819‑30.] Files in Library of Congress and American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts. Photostatic copies in Illinois Historical Survey.

Illinois Gazette. See Illinois Emigrant.

Illinois Intelligencer. See Western Intelligencer.

Illinois State Historical Library, Collections, 11 volumes (Springfield, 1903‑16).

Illinois State Historical Society, Journal, 8 volumes (Springfield, 1908‑16).

Illinois State Historical Society, Transactions, 1900‑1915, 16 volumes (Illinois State Historical Library, Publications, nos. 4, 6‑17, 19‑21. Springfield, 1900‑1916).

Illinois Territory, A Law Establishing a Supreme Court and Documents (Kaskaskia, 1814).

Illinois Territory, Laws, 1812 (Russelville, Kentucky, 1813); Pope's Digest, 1813‑14, 2 volumes (Kaskaskia, 1815); 1815‑16 (Kaskaskia, 1816); 1816‑17 (Kaskaskia, 1817); 1817‑18 (Kaskaskia, 1818). The last three are available in page-for‑page reprints (Springfield, 1898).

Illustrated Encyclopedia and Atlas Map of Madison County, Illinois (St. Louis, 1872).

Indiana Historical Society, Publications, 5 volumes (Indianapolis, 1897‑1915).

Indiana Territory, Laws, 1805 (Vincennes, n. d.); 1807 (Vincennes, 1807).

Intelligencer. See Western Intelligencer.

James, Edmund J. (ed.), The Territorial Records of Illinois (Illinois State Historical Library, Publications, no. 3. Springfield, 1901).

 p325  Kapper, Charles J., Indian Affairs, Laws, and Treaties, 2 volumes (Washington, 1904).

Kinzie, Mrs. John H., Wau-Bun, the Early Day in the Northwest (Philadelphia, 1873).º

Lansden, John M., A History of the City of Cairo, Illinois (Chicago, 1910).

Leaton, James, History of Methodism in Illinois, from 1793 to 1832 (Cincinnati, 1883).

Lippincott, Thomas, "Conflict of the Century," published in the Henry Weekly Courier, 1860. Transcripts in Illinois Historical Survey.

Lippincott, Thomas, "Early Days in Madison County," published in the Alton Telegraph, [1864]‑65. Transcripts in Illinois Historical Survey.

McIlwain, Charles H. (ed.), An Abridgement of the Indian Affairs Contained in Four Folio Volumes Transacted in the Colony of New York from the Year 1678 to the Year 1756. By Peter Wraxall (Cambridge, 1915).

MacNaul, Willard C., Jefferson-Lemen Compact. The Relations of Thomas Jefferson and James Lemen in the Exclusion of Slavery from Illinois and the Northwest Territory with Related Recounts, 1781‑1818 (Chicago, 1915).

Mason, Edward G. (ed.), Early Chicago and Illinois (Chicago Historical Society, Collections, vol. 4. Chicago, 1890).

Mason, Richard L., Narrative of Richard Lee Mason in the Pioneer West (New York, [1915]).

Mathews, Lois K., The Expansion of New England. The Spread of New England Settlement and Institutions to the Mississippi River, 1620‑1865 (Boston, 1909).

Michelson, Truman, "Contributions to Algonquian Grammar," in American Anthropologist, 15:470‑477.

Minnesota Historical Society, Collections, 15 volumes (St. Paul, 1850‑1915).

Morse, Jedidiah, A Report to the Secretary of War of United States, on Indian Affairs, Comprising a Narrative of a Tour (New Haven, 1822).

Moses, John, Illinois Historical and Statistical, Comprising the Essential Facts of Its Planting and Growth as a Province, County, Territory, and State, 2 volumes (Chicago, 1892).

Niles' Weekly Register, 75 volumes (Baltimore, 1811‑49).

Ogg, Frederic A. (ed.), Personal Narrative of Travels in Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky; and of a Residence in the Illinois Territory: 1817‑1818. By Elias Pym Fordham (Cleveland, 1906).

Patterson, Robert W., "Early Society in Southern Illinois," in Fergus Historical Series, no. 14.

 p326  Perrin, William H. (ed.), History of Alexander, Union, and Pulaski Counties, Illinois (Chicago, 1883).

Perrin, William H. (ed.), History of Crawford and Clark Counties, Illinois (Chicago, 1883).

Perrin, William H. (ed.), History of Jefferson County, Illinois (Chicago, 1883).

Pope's Digest. See Illinois Territory, Laws.

Preble, George H., A Chronological History of the Origin and Development of Steam Navigation, 1543‑1882 (Philadelphia, 1883).

Quaife, Milo M., Chicago and the Old Northwest 1673‑1835. A Study of the Evolution of the Northwestern Frontier, Together with a History of Fort Dearborn (Chicago, 1913).

Reynolds, John, My Own Times, Embracing also, the History of My Life (Illinois, 1855).

Reynolds, John, The Pioneer History of Illinois Containing the Discovery in 1673 and the History of the Country to the Year 1818, When the State Government Was Organized (Chicago, 1887).

Royce, Charles C. (ed.), Indian Land Cessions in the United States (Bureau of American Ethnology, Eighteenth Annual Report, pt. 2. Washington, 1899).

Schoolcraft, Henry R., Personal Memoirs of a Residence of Thirty Years with the Indian Tribes on the American Frontiers: With Brief Notices of Passing Events, Facts, and Opinions, A.D. 1812 to A.D. 1842 (Philadelphia, 1851).

Schoolcraft, Henry R., Summary Narrative of an Exploratory Expedition to the Sources of the Mississippi River, in 1820: Resumed and Completed, by the Discovery of Its Origin in Itasca Lake, in 1832 (Philadelphia, 1855).

Schultz, Christian, Travels on an Inland Voyage Through the States of New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and Through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New Orleans, 2 volumes (New York, 1810).

Scott, Franklin W., Newspapers and Periodicals of Illinois, 1814‑1879 (Illinois State Historical Library, Collections, vol. 6, Springfield, 1910).

Seybert, Adam, Statistical Annals Embracing Views of the Population, Commerce, Navigation . . . of the United States of America Founded on Official Documents 1789‑1818 (Philadelphia, 1818).

Shoemaker, Floyd D., Missouri's Struggle for Statehood, 1804‑1821 (Jefferson City, 1916).

Smith, William H. (ed.), St. Clair Papers. The Life and Public Services of Arthur St. Clair, Soldier of the Revolutionary War; President of the Continental Congress; and Governor of the North Western Territory with His Correspondence and Other Papers (Cincinnati, 1882).

 p327  Snyder, John F., Adam W. Snyder, and His Period in Illinois History, 1817‑1824 (Virginia, Illinois, 1906).

Snyder, John F., "Forgotten Statesmen of Illinois. Conrad Will," in Illinois State Historical Society, Transactions 1905, pp349‑377.

Spectator. See Edwardsville Spectator.

Table of Post-Offices in the United States, with the Names of the Postmasters, and Counties and States in Which They Are Situated, and the Distances from the City of Washington (Washington, 1817).

Thorpe, Francis N. (ed.), The Federal and State Constitutions, Colonial Charters, and Other Organic Laws of the States, Territories, and Colonies Now or Heretofore Forming the United States of America, 7 volumes (Washington, 1909).

Thwaites, Reuben G. (ed.), Early Western Travels, 1748‑1846, a Series of Annotated Reprints of Some of the Best and Rarest Contemporary Volumes of Travel, Descriptive of the Aborigines and Social and Economic Conditions in the Middle and Far West, During the Period of Early American Settlement, 32 volumes (Cleveland, 1904‑07).

Treat, Payton J, The National Land System, 1785‑1820 (New York, 1910).

United States Public Documents, Executive Documents, 16 Congress, 2 Session, no. 8; House Documents, 15 Congress, 2 Session, vol. 1, no. 1; vol. 2, no. 46; House Documents, 26 Congress, 1 Session, vol. 7, no. 262; House Journal, 15 Congress, 1 Session; 2 Session; Senate Journal, 15 Congress, 1 Session.

United States, Reports of the Secretary of the Treasury, 2 volumes (Washington, 1828‑29).

United States, Statutes at Large, 38 volumes (Boston and Washington, 1850‑1915).

Walker, Charles A. (ed.), History of Macoupin County, Illinois, 2 volumes (Chicago, 1911).

Washburne, Elihu B. (ed.), The Edwards Papers; Being a Portion of the Collection of the Letters, Papers, and Manuscripts of Ninian Edwards (Chicago Historical Society, Collections, vol. 3. Chicago, 1884).

Washburne, Elihu B., Sketch of Edward Coles, Second Governor of Illinois, and of the Slavery Struggle of 1823‑4 (Chicago, 1882).

Western Intelligencer, 1816‑18 (Kaskaskia, Illinois). [Continued as Illinois Intelligencer, 1818‑19.] Files in Mercantile Library, St. Louis. Photostatic copies in Illinois Historical Survey.

Wisconsin Historical Society, Collections, 23 volumes (Madison, 1855‑1916).

Woollen, William W., Biographical and Historical Sketches of Early Indiana (Indianapolis, 1883).

Thayer's Addendum

The following useful items are online:

Combined History of Edwards, Lawrence and Wabash Counties, Illinois with Illustrations Descriptive of their scenery and Biographical Sketches of some of their Prominent Men and Pioneers (J. L. McDonough & Co., Philadelphia, 1883), excerpts by Laurie Selpien:

"Early Settlers of Edwards County, Illinois"

A fairly detailed and circumstantial account of the founding of "the precinct of Albion", with one engraving. Based in large part on "notes prepared by George Flowers".

"First Land Purchases: 1816, 1817, 1818".

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Page updated: 21 Nov 21