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This webpage reproduces part of
The Atlantic System

Forrest Davis

Reynal & Hitchcock
New York

The text is in the public domain.

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This site is not affiliated with the US Naval Academy.

 p343  Sources and Bibliography

The author's debt to Admiral Mahan's published works needs little elaboration. That debt is acknowledged tacit­ly on each page of this book. Without the great power theorist's rationalization of Anglo-American sea‑power solidarity, there would conceivably have been an Atlantic System — but the job of recognizing, depicting, and summarizing that system would be inconceivably more difficult. Of major assistance also were the excellent biographies of Mahan by Captain Puleston and Mr. Taylor and the searching, recently published studies of American sea power by George T. Davis and the Sprouts, Harold and Margaret. To Henry Adams the author manifestly owes the title as well as a running commentary on the creative period in American foreign policy. To A. Whitney Griswold he is indebted for an exhaustive account of America's part in Far Eastern affairs, and to Orestes Ferrara for the only comprehensive version of European diplomacy during the Spanish-American War.

Otherwise, government documents such as the State Department's Foreign Relations (issued down to 1922), Navy Department reports, and the Congressional Record furnished much of the bony structure. Also yielding rich structural material were the British parliamentary reports and Die Grosse Politik der Europäischen Kabinette, the German Foreign Office archives opened after Versailles. The contemporary press, daily and periodical, in England, Germany, and the United States was levied upon extensively for interpretation of deeds and popular moods. So was the large literature in diplomatic and naval histories, memoirs, letters, and biographies touching upon the affairs of the Powers during the last half-century and easily available to the student. A partial list of sources follows:

 p344  Adams, Brooks, America's Economic Supremacy, Macmillan, 1900

––––––––The New Empire, Macmillan, 1902

Adams, Henry, The Education of Henry Adams, Houghton Mifflin, 1918 (first pub. in 1907)

––––––––History of the United States of America, 9 vols., Scribner, 1889‑91

––––––––Letters of (1858‑1918), ed. by Worthington C. Ford, 2 vols., Houghton Mifflin, 1930‑38

Alsop, Joseph, and Robert Kintner, American White Paper, Simon and Schuster, 1940

Arnold, William T. (Vigilans sed Aequus), German Ambitions As They Affect Britain and the United States of America, London, 1903

Bailey, Thomas A., "Dewey and the Germans at Manila Bay," American Historical Review, October, 1939

––––––––A Diplomatic History of the American People, Crofts, 1940

Baker, Ray Stannard, Woodrow Wilson and World Settlement, Doubleday, Page, 1922

––––––––Woodrow Wilson: Life and Letters, Doubleday, Page (or Doran), 1927‑39

Baldwin, Hanson W., United We Stand, McGraw-Hill, 1941

Balfour, Arthur James, Balfour, first earl of, Retrospect: An Unfinished Autobiography, 1848‑1886, Houghton Mifflin, 1930

Barker, J. Ellis, Modern Germany, London, 1919

Beard, Charles A., The Navy: Defense or Portent?, Harper, 1932

Beer, George Louis, The English-speaking Peoples, Macmillan, 1917

Bemis, Samuel Flagg, ed., The American Secretaries of State, 10 vols., Knopf, 1927‑29

––––––––A Diplomatic History of the United States, Holt, 1936

Berle, A. A. Jr., "Peace without Empire," Survey Graphic, March, 1941

Bienstock, Gregor, The Struggle for the Pacific, London, 1937

Birdsall, Paul, Versailles Twenty Years After, Reynal & Hitchcock, 1941

Bismarck, Prince Otto von, Bismarck, the Man and the Statesman, 2 vols., Harper, 1898

Bowers, Claude G., Beveridge and the Progressive Era, Houghton Mifflin, 1932

 p345  Brandenburg, Erich, From Bismarck to the World War . . . 1870‑1914, London, 1927

Bryce, Lord James, America Commonwealth, 2 vols., Macmillan, 1888

Bülow, Prince Bernhard von, Memoirs, 3 vols., Little, Brown, 1931‑33

Bywater, Hector C., The Great Pacific War, London, 1925

––––––––Sea‑Power in the Pacific, London, 1934

Carnegie, Andrew, Autobiography, Doubleday, Doran, 1933

Cecil, Lord Edgar Gascoyne-Cecil of Chelwood, A Great Experimentº

Cecil, Lady Gwendolen, Life of Robert, Marquis of Salisbury, 4 vols., London, 1921‑32

Churchill, Winston L. S., The World Crisis, 4 vols., London, 1927‑31, Vol. 5, The Aftermath

Cleveland, Grover, Presidential Problems, Century, 1904

Coolidge, Archibald C., The United States as a World Power, Macmillan, 1927

Cortissoz, Royal, The Life of Whitelaw Reid, 2 vols., Scribner, 1921

Crecraft, Earl W., Freedom of the Seas, Appleton-Century, 1935

Davis, George T., A Navy Second to None, Harcourt, Brace 1940

Denlinger, Sutherland, and Gary, Charles B., War in the Pacific, McBride, 1936

Dennett, Tyler, John Hay, Dodd, Mead, 1933

––––––––Roosevelt and the Russo-Japanese War, Doubleday, Page, 1925

Dennis, A. L. P., Adventures in American Diplomacy, 1896‑1906, Dutton, 1928

Dewey, George, Autobiography, Scribner, 1913

Dugdale, Blanche E. C., Arthur James Balfour, 2 vols., London, 1936

Dunning, W. A., The British Empire and the United States, Scribner, 1914

Eliot, George Fielding, The Ramparts We Watch, Reynal & Hitchcock, 1938

Falk, Edwin A., Togo and the Rise of Japanese Sea Power, Longmans, Green, 1936

 p346  Fay, Sidney B., The Origins of the World War, 2 vols. in 1, Macmillan, 1935

Ferrara, Orestes, The Last Spanish War, Paisley Press, 1937

Fisher, H. A. L., James Bryce, 2 vols., Macmillan, 1927

Foster, John W., Diplomatic Memoirs, 2 vols., Houghton Mifflin, 1909

Gardiner, A. G., The Anglo-American Future, London, 1920

––––––––The Life of Sir William Harcourt, 2 vols., London, 1923

Garvin, J. L., The Life of Joseph Chamberlain, 3 vols., Macmillan, 1932‑34

Gelber, L. M., The Rise of Anglo-American Friendship, Oxford University Press, 1938

Gerard, James W., My Four Years in Germany, Doran, 1917

Germany, Outbreak of the World War; German Documents collected by Karl Kautsky, Oxford University Press, 1924

Gillett, F. H., George Frisbie Hoar, Houghton Mifflin, 1934

Grey, Lord Edward Grey of Fallodon, Twenty-five Years, 1892‑1916, Stokes, 1925

Griswold, A. Whitney, The Far Eastern Policy of the United States, Harcourt Brace, 1938

Gwynn, Stephen L., ed., Letters and Friendships of Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, 2 vols., Houghton Mifflin, 1929

Hendrick, Burton J., Life and Letters of Walter H. Page, 3 vols., Doubleday, Page, 1923‑25

––––––––The Life of Andrew Carnegie, 2 vols., Doubleday, Doran, 1932

Hoover, Calvin B., Germany Enters the Third Reich, Macmillan, 1933

Hornbeck, Stanley K., Principles of American Policy in Relation to the Far East, U. S. Government Printing Office, 1934

House, Edward M., The Intimate Papers of Colonel House, ed. by Charles Seymour, 4 vols., Houghton Mifflin, 1926‑28

––––––––– and Charles Seymour, eds., What Really Happened at Paris, Scribner, 1921

Houston, David F., Eight Years with Wilson's Cabinet, 1913‑1920, 2 vols., Doubleday, Page, 1926

Howe, Quincy, England Expects Every American to Do His Duty, Simon and Schuster, 1937

Hurd, Sir Archibald Spicer, and Castle, Henry, German Sea‑Power: Its Rise, Progress, and Economic Basis, Scribner, 1913

 p347  James, Henry, Richard Olney and His Public Service, Houghton Mifflin, 1923

Jessup, Philip C., Elihu Root, 2 vols., Dodd, Mead, 1938

Josephson, Matthew, The President Makers . . . 1896‑1919, Harcourt, Brace, 1940

Keesing, Felix M., Modern Samoa: Its Government and Changing Life, London, 1934

Keim, Jeannette, Forty Years of German-American Political Relations, Dornan, Phila., 1919

Keynes, John Maynard, The Economic Consequences of the Peace, Harcourt, Brace, 1920

Kipling, Rudyard, American Notes, Lovell Company, 189‑?

Krafft, Herman F., and Norris, Walter B., Sea Power in American History, Century, 1920

Langer, William L., The Diplomacy of Imperialism, 1890‑1902, 2 vols., Knopf, 1935

Lansing, Robert, The Peace Negotiations: A Personal Narrative, Houghton Mifflin, 1921

––––––––War Memoirs, Bobbs-Merrill, 1935

Latané, John H., America as a World Power, 1897‑1907, Harper, 1907

Lindley, Ernest K., Half Way with Roosevelt, Viking Press, 1936

––––––––The Roosevelt Revolution, Viking Press, 1933

Lloyd George, David, Memoirs of the Peace Conference, 2 vols., Yale University Press, 1939 (English title, The Truth about the Peace Treaties)

McCoy, Frank R., "Our Common Defense," Survey Graphic, March, 1941

Mahan, Alfred Thayer, Armaments and Arbitration or, The Place of Force in the International Relation of States, Harper, 1912

––––––––– "Hawaii and Our Future Sea‑Power," Forum, Vol. 15, (1893)

––––––––The Interest of America in International Conditions, Little, Brown, 1910

–––––––– The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660‑1783, 15th ed., Little, Brown, 1898 (first published in 1890)

–––––––– The Influence of Sea Power upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793‑1812, 9th ed., 2 vols., Little, Brown, 1898

 p348  ––––––––Lessons of the War with Spain, Little, Brown, 1899, pp1‑11

––––––––The Problem of Asia and Its Effect on International Policies, Little, Brown, 1900

Marburg, Theodore, and Latané, John H., eds., Development of the League of Nations Idea, 2 vols., Macmillan, 1932

Marder, Arthur J., The Anatomy of British Sea Power . . . 1880‑1905, Knopf, 1940

Millis, Walter, The Martial Spirit, Literary Guild, 1931

––––––––Road to War: America, 1914‑1917, Houghton Mifflin, 1935

Moore, Frederick, America's Naval Challenge, Macmillan, 1929

Morrow, Dwight W., The Society of Free States, Harper, 1919

Mowat, R. B., The American Entente, London, 1939

––––––––The Life of Lord Pauncefote, London, 1928

Nevins, Allan, Grover Cleveland, Dodd, Mead, 1932

––––––––Henry White: Thirty Years of American Diplomacy, Harper, 1930

Nicolson, Harold C., Dwight W. Morrow, Harcourt, Brace, 1935

––––––––Peacemaking, 1919, London, 1933

––––––––Portrait of a Diplomatist, Houghton Mifflin, 1930

Olcott, C. S., The Life of William McKinley, 2 vols., Houghton Mifflin, 1916

Perkins, Dexter, Hands Off: A History of the Monroe Doctrine, Little, Brown, 1941

Pratt, Fletcher, Sea Power and Today's War, Harrison-Hilton, 1939

Pratt, Julius W., Expansionists of 1898: The Acquisition of Hawaii and the Spanish Islands, Johns Hopkins Press, 1936

Pringle, Henry F., Theodore Roosevelt, Harcourt, Brace, 1931

––––––––The Life and Times of William Howard Taft, 2 vols., Farrar & Rinehart, 1939

Puleston, William D., Mahan: The Life and Work of Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, Yale University Press, 1939

Rauschning, Hermann, The Redemption of Democracy: The Coming Atlantic Empire, Alliance Book Company, 1941

Reuter, Bertha Ann, Anglo-American Relations during the Spanish-American War, Macmillan, 1924

 p349  Rippy, J. Fred, The European Powers and the Spanish-American War, in James Sprunt Studies in History and Political Science

Roosevelt, Nicholas, America and England? Cape and Smith, 1930

Roosevelt, Theodore, America and the World War, Scribner, 1915

––––––––Selections from the Correspondence of Theodore Roosevelt and Henry Cabot Lodge, 1884‑1918, 2 vols., Scribner, 1925

––––––––Theodore Roosevelt: An Autobiography, Macmillan, 1913

––––––––Theodore Roosevelt and His Time Shown in His Own Letters, ed. by Joseph B. Bishop, 2 vols., Scribner, 1920

Scandrett, Richard B., Jr., Divided They Fall, Harper, 1941

Schieber, Clara Eve, The Transformation of American Sentiment toward Germany, 1870‑1914, Cornhill Publishing Company, 1923

Siegfried, André, America Comes of Age, Harcourt, Brace, 1929

Smalley, George W., Anglo-American Memories, 2 vols., London, 1911‑12

Sprout, Harold and Margaret, The Rise of American Naval Power, 1776‑1918, Princeton University Press, 1939

––––––––Toward a New Order of Sea Power, Princeton University Press, 1940

Stevenson, Robert Louis, A Fotonote To History, Scribner, 1892

Stimson, Henry L., The Far Eastern Crisis, Harper, 1936

Streit, Clarence K., Union Now with Britain, Harper, 1941

Sullivan, Mark, Our Times, Vols. 1‑6, Scribner, 1927‑36

Tansill, Charles C., The Foreign Policy of Thomas F. Bayard, Fordham University Press, 1940

Taylor, Charles Carlisle, The Life of Admiral Mahan, Naval Philosopher, Doran, 1920

Trevelyan, G. M., Grey of Fallodon, Longmans, Green, 1937

Tyler, Alice F., The Foreign Policy of James G. Blaine, University of Minnesota Press, 1927

Usher, Roland G., Pan‑Germanism, Houghton Mifflin, 1913

Victoria, Queen, Letters, 2nd ser. ed. by George Earle Buckle, 3 vols., Longmans, Green, 1926‑28

 p350  Weinberg, Albert K., Manifest Destiny, Johns Hopkins Press, 1935

Wertheimer, Mildred S., The Pan‑German League, 1890‑1914, Columbia University, 1924

White, Andrew D., Autobiography, Macmillan, 1905

Wilhelm II of Germany, Comparative History, 1878‑1914, Harper, 1922

––––––––The Kaiser's Memoirs, trans. by T. R. Ybarra, Harper, 1922

Williams, Mary W., Anglo-American Isthmian Diplomacy, 1815‑1915, American Historical Association, 1916

Woodward, Ernest L., Great Britain and the German Navy, Oxford University Press, 1935

Young, Eugene J., Powerful America, Stokes, 1936

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