Short URL for this page:

[image ALT: Much of my site will be useless to you if you've got the images turned off!]
mail: Bill Thayer 
[image ALT: Cliccare qui per una pagina di aiuto in Italiano.]

[Link to a series of help pages]
[Link to the next level up]
[Link to my homepage]

An article from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, now in the public domain.
Any color photos are mine, © William P. Thayer.

Vol. XIX
Nocera Inferiore

Nocera Inferiore, formerly Nocera dei Pagani (anc. Nuceria Alfaternaq.v.), a town and episcopal see of Campania, Italy, in the province of Salerno, at the foot of Monte Albino, 23 m. ESE of Naples by rail, 135 ft. above sea-level. Pop. (1901) 11,933 (town); 20,064 (commune).​a Nocera is connected with Codola on the line from Naples to Avellino by a branch railway (3 m.). In the old castle Helena, the widow of Manfred, died after the battle of Benevento, and here Urban VI imprisoned the cardinals who favoured the antipope Clement VII. Two miles to the E near the village of Nocera Superiore is the circular church of Sta. Maria Maggiore, dating from the 4th century. Its chief feature is its dome, ceiled with stone internally, but covered externally with a false roof. It is supported by 40 ancient columns, and in its construction resembles S. Stefano Rotondo in Rome. The walls are covered with frescoes of the 14th century.

At an early date the city became an episcopal see, and in the 12th century it sided with Innocent II against Roger of Sicily, and suffered severely for its choice. A colony of Saracens introduced by Frederick II probably gave rise to the epithet ("of the pagans") by which it was so long distinguished, as well as to the town of Pagani, which lies about 1 m. to the west. In 1385 Pope Urban VI was besieged in the castle of Charles of Durazzo. Nocera was the birthplace of Solimena the painter and of Hugo de' Pagani, the founder of the Templars; and in the list of its bishops appears the name of Paulus Jovius.

Thayer's Note:

a In 2000, the official census figures gave Nocera Inferiore 48,682 inhabitants.

[image ALT: Valid HTML 4.01.]

Page updated: 18 Nov 17