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Bill Thayer

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 p35  Arcus Claudii

Article on pp35‑36 of

Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.

Arcus Claudii (1): one of the arches of the Aqua Virgo (q.v.), which spanned an ancient street, and was restored in monumental form by Claudius (CIL VI.1252). This arch is still standing, in the court of No. 14 Via del Nazareno (Jord. I.1.472; HJ 457), and is probably referred to by Martial IV.18 as date is 46 A.D.

Arcus Claudii (2): one built by Claudius in 51/52 A.D. in commemoration of his victories in Britain (CIL VI.920‑923 = 31203‑4; Suet. Claud. 17; Dio LX.19 ff., 22). It also formed part of the aqua Virgo, where this aqueduct crossed the via Lata, just north of the Saepta. It seems to have been in ruins as early as the eighth century, but in 1562, in 1641,  p36 and again in 1869 portions of the structure were found, including part of the principal inscription, inscriptions dedicated to other members of the imperial family, some of the foundations, and fragments of sculpture of which all traces have been lost. On coins issued in 46‑47 A.D., as an 'intelligent anticipation' of events (BM Claud. 29, 32‑35, 49‑50; Cohen, Claudius 16‑24), is a representation of an arch erected to commemorate these victories of Claudius, but whether it is this arch of the aqua Virgo is quite uncertain (HJ 468‑9; LS III.125‑6; PBS III.220‑223). For reliefs recently discovered which may belong to it, see NS 1925, 230‑233; Bocconi, Musei Capitolini, 292.9; 294.14; YW 1925‑6, 112.

Arcus Claudii (3): an arch intended to be erected in honour of Claudius' victories in Germany (Dio LX.8 for victories by his generals over the Cauchi and the Chatti in 41 A.D.) is shown in several of his coins of 41 A.D. (and following years) (Cohen, Nero Drusus 1‑6; Claud. 25‑29, 48; BM Imp. Claud. 2, 36, 95‑103, 121‑123, 187‑191). Whether it was actually erected, and if so, where, is uncertain (BM Imp. p. clii).

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Page updated: 22 May 20